Soil Erosion And Effects of Soil Erosion
Er. Akanksha Pandey
This article describes about Soil Erosion and how it takes place. Also get to know about the effects of soil erosion and the disadvantages.
Soil Erosion can be defined as removal of top layer by natural agents like sun, wind, water and by man is called as
Soil erosion due to wind, water etc is called natural or geographical erosion. While the erosion caused by human activities such as deforestation,cultivating lands, road construction and building dams, etc. is called as artificial or accelerated soil erosion.There are numerous ways by which the fertile top layer of soil is eroded and wasted ,such as:
(i) Erosion is caused by rain and stormy winds, which carries away the unprotactive layer of soil. Acid rains due to air pollution increased the threat.
(ii) Deforestation caused by man for biuldings roads,agriculture and for living loosen up the soil,which can be eroded easily.
(iii) Farmers loosen the top soil for preparing seed beds and then leave it for a long time. This top soil is subjected to erosion caused by wind.
(iv) Over population of cattle eats large amount of vegetarian and expose the top soil to erosion.
Effects of Soil Erosion:
Due to loss of top soil follwing effects will take place:
(i) The top soil is the fertile soil. Nature takes about 100-400 years to build one centimeter of this soil, which getting destroyed very rapidly by human activities.
(ii) Top layer of soil contains most of the organic matter and nutrients. Loss of this soil reducing soil fertility and affecting its structure badly.
(iii) Soil erosion decreases the moisture supply by soil to the plants for their growth. It also affects the activity of soil micro-organisms. Thus deteriorating the crop yeild.
(iv) Soil erosion by wind cause sandy storms, which damage the crops. Further these sandy storms reduces the rainfall in particular area.
(v) Soil eroded by water get deposited on river beds, thus increasing their level and causing floods. These flood have various devasting effects, such as killing human and animals and damaging various buildings.
How Tourism Development Has Turned Into Environmental Destruction?
How to spread Environment Awareness
Environmental pollution and reasons
10 best practices to bring positive change in the environment in India
Environmental Pollution And Its Effect On Nature And How To Save The Environment?
Environment education needs a practical approach in modern society
How school students are helping spread environmental awareness
Roadside Trees Benefit To Individuals And Environment
Environmental Study:Importance,Scope and Need for public awareness
Read related articles:
Did you like this resource? Share it with your friends and show your love!
Responses to "Soil Erosion And Effects of Soil Erosion"
No responses found. Be the first to respond...
Notify me by email when others post comments to this article.
Do not include your name, "with regards" etc in the comment. Write detailed comment, relevant to the topic.
No HTML formatting and links to other web sites are allowed.
This is a strictly moderated site. Absolutely no spam allowed.
to fill automatically.
(Will not be published, but
to validate comment)
Type the numbers and letters shown on the left.
Subscribe to Email
Get Jobs by Email
Forum posts by Email
Articles by Email
Awards & Gifts
Last 7 Days
ram pravesh yadav
N K Ravishankara
Mohammed Julfekar Haider
ISC Technologies, Kochi - India. © All Rights Reserved.