The term 'Food Technology' has a wide meaning and usually refers to the techniques and principles involved in processing and preserving the food substances. Now a days, most of the food products are available in marked in packets. Foods are perishable, so if not handled properly will be destroyed easily. Many companies involved in processed food business are doing more research in preparing new products and developing new techniques to preserve different types of foods for a long period.
As food is an essential item to survive, the 'Food Technology' course has a wide scope in different government and private sectors dealing with food products. Food processing companies need food technology persons to work for them in different sections like Production, Quality Assurance, R&D (Research and Development) etc.
Different Courses in Food Technology
A. Diploma in Food Processing and Preservation or Food Technology
This is a 3 year Diploma Engineering course. Minimum qualification required for this course is 10th pass. In India, different polytechnics and other institutes are offering this course. In this course, students get some basic knowledge in Food Technology. They are taught general processing and preservation techniques carried out in food processing centres. The course includes Food Technology theory subjects as well as practical subjects like performing quality control tests for foods, operation of some equipments, methods involved in preparation of food products like juice, squash etc. The students have also to do a project in some food industry during the course.
Scope after completion of the course -
1. Students can get the job of Food Inspector in state government.
2. They can get a job of junior chemist or junior executive in some food processing company.
3. They can join as a trainee in some industry or in govt/private food testing laboratories.
4. They can go for 1 year apprentice training in some food industry where they can get stipend and also will have experience which will help them in getting a job after completing the training.
B. Degree(B.Tech/B.E.) in Food Technology
This is a four year (3 year after diploma) degree engineering course offered by many institutes in India.
Qualification - 10+2 or Diploma in Food Technology
This course includes subjects like Food Engineering, Food Microbiology, Biotechnology, Packaging Technology, Dairy Technology, Fruit/Vegetable/Meat, Fish/Cereals Technology and many other related subjects. Other subjects like computer, physics, chemistry, mathematics which are common in all Engineering courses are also taught.
Students also do practical experiments in their college laboratories on different techniques followed in food industries. During the course, they get a good knowledge about the techniques and methods involved in the processing and preservation of food products.
They undergo summer training in different food industry for their experience. They also do a project under the supervision of some faculty member.
Scope after completion of Degree in Food Technology -
After a degree course, the scope of getting a job increases, as students have more knowledge about the subject and industrial techniques.
1. Can apply for jobs in Food Corporation of India.
2. Other Government jobs like Public Service Commission jobs.
3. Private Food Sectors do require Food Technologists. You can look for when they recruit and apply for a suitable post.
4. You can get a job in the company in which you have undergone training.
5. Can get a job in research and testing laboratories.
6. Can get lecturer post in institutes offering Diploma/B.Sc. in Food Technology or Food science.
7. You can do M.tech or MBA
8. You can also join as Food Auditor in some organisation.
C. Master In Food Technology
After doing degree in food Technology or B.Sc/M.Sc, many students prefer to do a Masters Degree in Food Technology. If you qualify GATE examination, you can get admission in a good college, and can get monthly scholarship too. Some institutes select students by conducting their own entrance examination. In Master's degree, you can choose some specialised area like M.Tech in Dairy Technology.
Scope after completing M.Tech in Food Technology
1. Can join as a lecturer in colleges to teach Food Technology subjects.
2. Can get a job in Food Industry
3. can go for higher qualification like PhD.
4. You can work as Food Consultant.
Here is the list of some institutes Offering Food Technology Courses in India
1. Govt. Polytechnic, Panaji, Goa
2. Govt. Polytechnic, Hisar, Haryana
3. Govt. Polytechnic, Maalvan, Maharashtra
4. Women's Polytechnic, Berhampur, Orissa
5. Women's Polytechnic, Sehore, M.P.
6. Premlila Vithaldas Polytechnic, Mumbai
The above institutes offer Diploma courses.
Some more institutes that offer degree courses are -
1. Sant longowal Institute of Engineering and Technology, Sangrur, Punjab offers Certificate, Diploma, Degree and M.Tech courses in Food Technology.
2. Jadavpur University
3. University of Bombay
4. Amity University
5. Harcourt Butler Technological Institute, Kanpur
6. Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar University, Agra
7. Raja Balwant Singh College Faculty of Engg & Tech, Agra
8. GB Pant University of Agriculture & Technolog, Pantnagar
9. Delhi University
10. Guru Jambeswar University, Haryana
11. Maharana Pratap University of Agricultural & Tech, Udaipur
12. Sardar Patel University AD Patel Instt of Tech, Gujurat