Career options after Class 12 It is the tender stage to decide when you were in primary classes, what you ought to be, what to choose and to say exactly you do not know what you want to become when you grew up.
But the scenario is entirely different when you have completed your 12, as you are a little older now and more over you are stepping in to your college, but you are not sure and choosing a career itself is an complex situation as it is a multi-step process, the stage where you are now needs to learn yourself first and which type of occupation you are interested into.
As a first step to choose your career you need to choose the subject you are interested as all the choices should not be linked to academic backgrounds which you have come from as such situation will only help the people with certain temperament or talent as most of the options now demands academic background which needs to study for long years and remaining few are personality oriented.
Open ended courses Once you pass your 12 you are eligible for five years integrated law degree course like B.A., LLB or B.B.A with LLB etc, even Hotel Management Degree or an integrated five years post graduation courses in English or Mass Communication or Foreign Languages from few universities or institutions like IIT from Madras [refer : http://hsee.iitm.ac.in] and another one is English and Foreign Languages University in Hyderabad [refer : www.efluniversity.ac.in] or Jawaharalal Nehru University in New Delhi [refer : www.jnu.ac.in] etc.
If you have competed your 12 in any discipline you can choose Chartered Accountancy or Cost and Works Accountant and also as Company Secretary but commerce background for these courses will be of great help.
You can get trained as an Chartered Accountant from the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India [refer : www.icai.org] and there is also a shorter Accounting Technician Course which known as ATC, equally the Institute of Cost and Works Accountancy course conducts regular classes to become ICWA along with shorter Certificate in Accounting Technical known as CAT, where as for the Company Secretary course the Institute of Company Secretaries of India [refer : www.icsi.org] will train you.
After your 12 you can choose even courses like Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Mass Communication and Journalism or BBA as all these are open end courses.
If you have zeal for mathematics and you have studied this subject in your 12th you can choose the disciplines line BCA or B.Sc in IT or Bachelor of Architecture where in abundant choices can be explored.
After 12 there is one more career course for unmarried male they can join National Defence Academy or NDA which inculcate your career in the field of Indian Army but you need to qualify in NDA examinations which is conducted by UPSC [refer : www.upsc.gov.in].
If you have a clear aptitude towards drawing and sketching Bachelor of Fine Arts or Visual Arts or Interior Design or Applied Art or Fashion Design and Jewelry Design and other related courses will suit you to build your career these respective fields and with this self interest you can go for B.Arch which is having the same aptitude.
Another high profile course known as BFA with performing Arts in Music or Dance, this will suite those with innate abilities and have much exposure to music and dance and this needs a keen interest to pursue the formal education in these relevant fields.
If you want to pursue your career in sports or in athletics with an serious mind then you can pursue Bachelor of Physical Education as this will help you to build your career in the fields as a Physical Education Teacher or as a Sports Coach or as Fitness Trainer as all these three are in much demand now a days.
Courses with Commercial Orientation As said before C.A. and I.C.W.A. and C.S. are very much professional courses along the side of B.B.A.
Even B.Com and B.Com with vocational components are also open if you have passed your 12 even under science stream.
Courses with Technical Orientation Course under this if you have passed your 12th with PCM background, as this have an enormous openings in Engineering which also includes Ceramic, Avionics, Civil, Chemical, Computer Science and Engineering, Electronics and Communication, Electrical, Industrial, Information Technology, Instrumentation, Mechatronics, Mechanical, Materials and Metallurgical, Ocean Engineering, Mining, Textile Engineering and Telecommunication are few to state and the stream which is much in demand now is Bachelor of Fashion Technology.
If you want to pursue your career in Merchant Navy then you can think about Marine Engineering and Nautical Science, but these streams need to fulfill certain physical standards along with great vision [eyesight] as these standards were fixed by Directorate General of Shipping [refer : www.dgshipping.com] .
If you fulfill the pre-requisites if you want to pursue your career as Commercial Pilot the training will be given to procure the licence, this option is open for Class 12 students those who have successfully completed their Class 12 in Physics and Mathematics and need to take medical examination to be conducted by Director General of Civil Aviation [refer : www.dgca.nic.in] at all approved medical centres.
If your choice is to serve in Indian Navy or in Indian Air Force with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics as your subjects in your Class 12 you have to enter through NDA examination. This will also facilitates students to opt for 10+2 technical entry into the Indian Army or with 10+2 technical cadet entry scheme and this is an Permanent Commission in Indian Navy and such students with said subjects are also eligible for appointments as Special Class Railway Appointments in Mechanical Department of Indian Railway but through SCRA examination conducted by UPSC [refer : www.upsc.gov.in] but for this choice the desired students must have Physics, Mathematics and Chemistry as their subjects in Class 12.
Careers in Health Sciences with Physics, Chemistry and Biology
If you are a PCB student in your Class 12 then you can opt for MBBS, BDS, BUMS, BAMS, BOT, BPT, B.V.Sc., and Animal Husbandry [Veterinary Science], Speech and Language Pathology, Optometry, Nursing, Medical Laboratory Technology, B.Sc., in Home Science, Nuclear Medicine Technology, Pharmacy, B.Tech in Biotechnology, B.Tech in Bioinformatics and many more in Agriculture Science Programmes in concerned State Agricultural Universities which you can find at www.icar.or.in.
Careers in Scientific Research IISER [refer : www.iiser-admissions.in] which conducts integrated five years M.Sc which also can be taken at UMDAE CBS, Mumbai [refer : http://cbs.ac.in] at Bhubaneswar in NISER [refer : http://niser.ac.in] at Integrated Science Education and Research Centre ISERC also at Viswa-Bharati, Santiniketan [refer : http://viswa-bharati.ac.in] , many of the IIT's, National Institute of Technology centres across the country and many more universities who aims at students for scientific research careers.
Careers in Vocational Institutes Many technical and also non-technical vocational courses were offered at Polytechnics and other Vocational and Industrial Training Institute like ITI's.
Present business model needs persons having management oriented professional degree to compete in the global market.
After class 12 one can opt for courses like BCA or BBA.After passing BCA or BBA they can go for higher studies in MCA or MBA respectively.
The author has attempted to give a broad overview of options available to students after passing class 12. Generally there is a sort of rat race among students to opt for engineering courses. The author has complied information about other options also in the fields of accounts/commerce, law, defense sector and the prestigious SCRA examination conducted by UPSC. A very useful and informative article indeed.
Every student and even parents get confused over the future when the child completes 12 or the Intermediate studies and that is the crucial period wherein the right judgement has to be made. Being a parent we must give guidance and have the knowledge from first to 12th and in which subject he is more interested and accordingly we must guide him to that course which he may feel comfortable. I have seen many boys under the pressure of parents opted for Engineering course but in general he wants to do Degree and then go for job. So that means parents are taking too much liberty to decide the future of the child without even consulting him or her. It is like arranging for marriage without the consult of prospective boy or girl.