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Scope of personnel management
This article gives you information on 'Scope of Personnel Management'.
The scope of personnel management was very much restricted before 20th century. The large scale business operations have resulted in the specialisation of all business activities. On the other hand, labour unions are also the result of growth in the size of industrial organisations. Dealing with the problems of human beings now a days requires specialised knowledge. It is not unusual to find a separate department for tackling all human problems in the organisation.
1. Procurement :-
It includes -
1. Recruitment i.e., tapping the possible portads from where prospective labour supply will come.
2. Getting information regarding prevailing wage rates and job requirements.
3. Selecting the best candidate by following a systematic selection procedure.
4. Maintaining the records of employees.
5. Introducing the new employee to the officers of the other departments such as Security Officer, Time Keeper, Cashier etc.
2. Training or Development Function :-
The training of the new employees and also of those who are being promoted is the crucial function of Personnel Department. A training programme is devised for this purpose. The training increases skills and abilities of the employees. The various aspects of training are -
1. Training to new employees instructors and supervisors.
2. Training in safety equipments and various types of policies of companies.
3. Training through improvement of education such as evening classes, films, entertainment programmes etc.
4. Encouraging employees to give suggestions.
3. Promotion, Transfer and Termination :-
The performance of the employees is evaluated for the purpose of taking some vital decisions concerning the employment. Merit rating is a systematic periodical unbiased evaluation of the performance of the employees. The functions of the Personnel Department in this regard are given here -
1. To lay down a promotion policy.
2. To formulate policies regarding transfers and terminations.
3. Analysis of voluntary separations and knowing the possible causes of such separations.
4. Compensation :-
The employees should get adequate and equitable remuneration for the work being done by them. The functions concerned with fixation of fair wages are given here -
1. To evaluate jobs and determine their worth in terms of money.
2. To collaborate with others who may formulate wage plants.
3. To assist in formulation of policies regarding pension plants, profit sharing programmes, non-monetary benefits etc.
4. To compare the wages of the enterprise with the industry and remove inconsistencies, if any.
5. Welfare Activities :-
These activities relate to physical and social well-being of the employees and include -
1. Provision of medical facilities such as first aid, dispensaries etc.
2. Suggesting ways and means by which accidents can be eliminated or minimised.
3. To provide restaurants and other facilities.
4. To apply the labour laws effectively.
5. To publish a plant magazine.
6. Collective Bargaining :-
In include -
1. To assist in the negotiations which are held with the union leaders.
2. To know the grievances of employees and handling their problems properly.
7. Miscellaneous :-
1. To advise the line managers regarding administration of personnel policies.
2. To secure coordination of all personnel activities.
3. To have an effective communication system.
4. To provide good working conditions.
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