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Common names And Botanical names


Last Updated:   Category: Entrance Exams    
Author: Member Level: Gold    Points: 5


Plants and their botanical name, CEREALS,MILLETS,PULSES,EDIBLE OILS,NONEDIBLE OILS,FIBERS,TUBER CROPS,FRUITS,VEGETABLES,MEDICINAL PLANTS,TIMBER.



SOME IMPORTANT PLANTS USED IN INDIA & THEIR BOTANICAL NAME



CEREALS



Rice - Oryza sativa
Wheat - Triticum aestivum, Triticum durum
Maize - Zea Mays


MILLETS



Jower - Sorghum Vulgare
Bajra - Pennisetum typhoides
Ragi - Eleusine coracana


PULSES



Gram - Cicer aietenum
Red gram - Cajanus cajan
Black gram- Phaseolus mungo
Green gram- Phaseolus aureus


EDIBLE OILS



Ground nut - Arachis hypogea
Rape & mustard- Brassica sp
Til (seasame) - Sesamum indicum
Coconut - Cocos nucifera


NONEDIBLE OILS



Castor - Ricinus communis


FIBERS



Cotton - Gossypium herbaceum
Jute - Corchorus capsularis
Hemp - Cannabis sativa
Linnen - Linum usitastisimum


TUBER CROPS



Potato - Solanum tuberosum
Tapioca - Manihot utilissima


FRUITS



Mango - Mangifera indica
Banana - Musa paradisiaca
Apple - Malus sp
Grapes - Vitis vinifera
Citrus - Citrus sp


VEGETABLES



Brinjal - Solanum melongens
Tomato - Lycopersicon esculentus
Okra - Hibiscus esculentus
Onion - Allium cepa
Sugar cane - Saccarum officinarum


SPICES



Red pepper - Capsicum sp
Black pepper - Piper nigrum
Cardamom - Elletaria cardamum


BEVERAGES



Tea - Thea sinensis
Coffee - Coffea arabica


RUBBER



Para rubber - Heava brasilsensis


MEDICINAL PLANTS



Opium poppy - Papaver somniferm
Digitalis - Digitalis purpurea
Chotachand - Rauvolfia serpentina
Belladona - Atropa belladona


TIMBER



Teak - Tectona grandis
Sal - Shorea robusta
Shsham - Dalbergia sisso
Deodar - Cedrus deodara


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Responses to "Common names And Botanical names"
Guest Author: Dr Khose R.G.     06 Aug 2012
Botanical names are incomplete without writing authority name.Say, for example, Cassia tora L.Proper nomenclature rules (ICBN)must be used.Common English names are generally not known by college students. Thanks for a good attempt. List may include uses. Use tables.Let people understand green wealth on our Earth.


Guest Author: SHOWKAT BUDNUMBAL     01 Sep 2014
Thank you for the information provided.


Guest Author: Ravinder Kumar     18 Nov 2014
It is very good article to gather knowledge.


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