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Emergency drugs and equipment in casualty


Posted Date: 12-Jul-2010  Last Updated:   Category: Health    
Author: Member Level: Silver    Points: 10


To learn about emergency drugs and equipment in casualty read this article.



EMERGENCY DRUGS
These are analgesics very frequently required in casualty, as many patient comes with pain and they want to go as soon as their pain is relieved. Depending upon the need and necessity these can be dispensed.
ANALGESICS
Inj. Diclofenace sodium
Inj. Tramzac
Inj.promethazine
Inj.Buscopan
Inj.Proxivon
Inj.Pentazocin
Inj.Piroxicam
ANTE EMETICS:
Inj.Metaclopromide (perenorm)
Inj.Ondesterone (emeset)
Inj.Prochorperazine (for vomiting in pregnancy)
ANTACIDS:
H2 receptor blocker;
Inj.Rantac
Proton pump inhibitors:
Inj.Pantaprozole
Inj.Omeprozole
Inj.Rabeperzole


ANTI ALLERGICS:
H-1 receptor antagonist:
Inj.Chlorphenirmime maleate (avil)
Inj.Promethazine (phenergan)
STEROIDS:
Inj.Hydrocortisone (effcorlin)
Inj.Dexamethazone (dexa)
Inj.Methypredinisolone (mederol)
BRONCHODILATOR:
Inj.Aminophylline
Inj.Salbutamol
Inj.Deriphylline
Inj.Turbutaline
The solution of asthalin and iperavent for nebulization.
SEDATIVES:
Inj.Diazepam
Inj.Paraldehyde
Inj.Medazolam
ANTI EPILEPTICS:
Inj.Hydantoin (phenytoin)
Inj.Phenobarbitone (gardinal)
Inj.diazepam


DIUERATICS:
Inj.frusinamide (lasix)
Inj.Manitol
LOCAL ANAESTHESIA:
Inj.Lignocane
(plain and with adrenaline)
CARDIAC DRUGS:
Inj.digoxin
Inj.Nitroglycerene
Inj.Sorbitrate
Inj.Lidocaine
Inj.Xylocard
IANOTROPES:
Inj.Dopamine
Inj.Dobutamine
Inj.Isoprenelene
Inj.Adrenaline
ANTI CHOLINERGIC:
Inj.Physostigmine
Inj.Neostigmine
Inj.atropine
FOR HYPERGLYCEMIA:
Inj.Insulin

FOR HYPOGLYCEMIA:
50% Dextrose
ANTI COAGULANT:
Inj.Heparin
THROMBOLYTIC DRUGS:
Inj.Streptokinase
Inj.Urokinase
HAEMOSTATICS:
Inj.Vit K
Inj.Adrenochrome
Inj.Ethmstylate (K stat)
Inj.Butorophase
Inj.Tranexamic acids
I.V FLUIDS:
5% Dextrose
Dextrose normal saline
Ringers lactate
Isolate-p
Isolate-m
Inj.Haemocoele
Inj.Dextran
Normal saline


MISCELLENOUS:
Inj.Soda bi carbonate
Inj.Calcium gluconate
Inj.P.A.M
Inj.Nikethenmide
Inj.Depin
Inj.Lomodex
Inj.tetvac
Antibiotics
And consumables like disposable syringes, I.V cannulas, I.V drip sets, scalp vein sets ,folys catheter, nasogastric tubes ,chest tubes, uro bag, abdominal drainage tube, E.T tube ,tracheotomy tube, under water seal bags etc.
EMERGENCY EQUIOMENTS IN CASUALTY:
B.P apparatus
Stethoscope
Knee hammer
E.C.G. machines
Pulse ox meter
Cardiac monitor
Nebulizer
Defibrillator
Laryngoscope
Proto scope
E.N.T. instruments like nasal speculum, auroscope, tongue depressor
Ophthalmic scope
Suction machine
Suction catheter
Weighing machine
Thermometer
Thomas splint
AMBU bag
Oxygen cylinder
Sterile water
Beside above you must keep following sets ready and sterilized.
1.Sutering set; Gauze pieces ,cut sheet, needle holder, artery forceps, tooth forceps, needles, suture material scissors and gloves.
2.Cut-open set: Gauze pieces ,cut sheet, blades ,B.P. apparatus, needle holder, artery forceps, plain and tooth forceps, needles, suture material scissors and gloves ,I.V. cannula, infant feeding tube.
3. Catheterization set: Gauze pieces, cut sheet, sponge holder, gloves, xylocain jelly, syringes, Foley's catheter and uro bag.
4. Thoracocentesis set: Gauze pieces, cut sheet, gloves, blade, B.P. handle, suture material, needle holder, straight and curved artery forceps, chest tube, water seal bags, tooth and non tooth forceps.
5. Tracheotomy set: Gauze pieces, cut sheet, gloves, B.P. handle, ribbon gauze, retractors, suture material, blade, needle holder and scissors.
All the instruments shall be properly sterilized and equipments shall be checked frequently and if any complaints it should be rectified at the earliest. The staff nurse must know function of all equipments as they may be asked to operate some when there is mass casualty.


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Responses to "Emergency drugs and equipment in casualty"
Guest Author: sherin     02 Apr 2014
Thanks, it helps me a lot.


Guest Author: sherin     02 Apr 2014
Thanks,it helps me a lot.


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