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Emergency drugs and equipment in casualty
To learn about emergency drugs and equipment in casualty read this article.
These are analgesics very frequently required in casualty, as many patient comes with pain and they want to go as soon as their pain is relieved. Depending upon the need and necessity these can be dispensed.
Inj. Diclofenace sodium
Inj.Prochorperazine (for vomiting in pregnancy)
H2 receptor blocker;
Proton pump inhibitors:
H-1 receptor antagonist:
Inj.Chlorphenirmime maleate (avil)
The solution of asthalin and iperavent for nebulization.
(plain and with adrenaline)
Inj.Ethmstylate (K stat)
Dextrose normal saline
Inj.Soda bi carbonate
And consumables like disposable syringes, I.V cannulas, I.V drip sets, scalp vein sets ,folys catheter, nasogastric tubes ,chest tubes, uro bag, abdominal drainage tube, E.T tube ,tracheotomy tube, under water seal bags etc.
EMERGENCY EQUIOMENTS IN CASUALTY:
Pulse ox meter
E.N.T. instruments like nasal speculum, auroscope, tongue depressor
Beside above you must keep following sets ready and sterilized.
1.Sutering set; Gauze pieces ,cut sheet, needle holder, artery forceps, tooth forceps, needles, suture material scissors and gloves.
2.Cut-open set: Gauze pieces ,cut sheet, blades ,B.P. apparatus, needle holder, artery forceps, plain and tooth forceps, needles, suture material scissors and gloves ,I.V. cannula, infant feeding tube.
3. Catheterization set: Gauze pieces, cut sheet, sponge holder, gloves, xylocain jelly, syringes, Foley's catheter and uro bag.
4. Thoracocentesis set: Gauze pieces, cut sheet, gloves, blade, B.P. handle, suture material, needle holder, straight and curved artery forceps, chest tube, water seal bags, tooth and non tooth forceps.
5. Tracheotomy set: Gauze pieces, cut sheet, gloves, B.P. handle, ribbon gauze, retractors, suture material, blade, needle holder and scissors.
All the instruments shall be properly sterilized and equipments shall be checked frequently and if any complaints it should be rectified at the earliest. The staff nurse must know function of all equipments as they may be asked to operate some when there is mass casualty.
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