Concept, scope & use of guidance and counseling

Describing concept, scope & use of guidance and counseling.


Counselling is as old as society. In every-day life we find counselling goes on at many levels-in a family set-up, parents counsel their children, in society doctors counsel patients, lawyers counsel clients and teachers counsel students.

Concept of counselling
Counselling is a scientific process of assistance extended by an expert in an individual situation to a needy person. Counselling involves relationship between two persons in which one of them (counselor) attempts to assist the other (counselee or client) is so organizing himself as to attain a particular form of happiness, adjusting to a life situation or in short self actualization. It is a relationship of natural respect between counselor and counselee .In this private interview counselee acquires independence and develop a sense of responsibility. Counselling process is structured around the felt needs of the counselee.
The main objective of counselling is to bring about a voluntary change in client.
For this purpose, the counselor provides facilities to help achieve the desired change or make the suitable choice. The client alone is responsible for the decisions or the choice he makes, though the counselor may assist in this process by his warmth and understanding relationship. Thus counselor helps counselee to discover and solve his personal problems independently. .
Counselling and guidance are not synonymous terms. Guidance is a relatively more comprehensive process which includes counselling as one of its functions.
Counselling is a pat of guidance, not all of it. It is a specialized and individualized part of total guidance process. Thus all counselling is guidance but all guidance is not counselling.

Definitions of counselling
Webster's Dictionary-"consultation, mutual interchange of opinion, deliberating together".
Strong -"face to face relationship in which growth takes place the counselor as well as the counselee".
Robinson-"The term counsellling covers all types of two .person situations in which one person, the client is helped to adjust more effectively to himself and his environment"
.Wren-"Counselling is a personal and dynamic relationship between two individuals-an older, more experienced and wiser (counselor) and a younger, less wise (counselee). The latter has a problem for which he seeks the help of the former. The two work together so that the problem may be more clearly defined and the counselee may be helped to a self-determined solution.


"Guidance is a process of helping young persons learns to adjust to self to others and to circumstances'. - Skinner.

Meaning of Guidance
Guidance is a personal assistance.
Guidance is a process by which individual solves his problems by his own efforts
Guidance focuses on the attention of the welfare of the individual.

Needs of Guidance
To help an individual to solve any complex situation.
It is mainly created around educational needs, vocational needs &
personal needs.
It helps the child to adjust with situations and develop the ability to face
problems and resolve them.
To develop the personality of the child according to his inborn tendencies,
traits and capacities.
To provide all necessary information to the people to choose a better
career and to get success in life.

Types of Guidance in Schools
Educational Guidance
It is concerned with the assistance given to pupils in their choices and adjustments with relation to schools curriculum, courses and school life.
It includes the help and assistance given to pupils in adjusting to the
demands of the school and to plan intelligently an educational programme
suited to their abilities and needs.
It serves to realize the aims and objectives of education and to check wastage and stagnation.
Vocational Guidance
It is the process of helping the individual to choose occupation that fit him best.
It involves a thorough understanding of the individual general and special capacities.

Personal guidance
It assists the individual to adjust with psychological and social environment.
1t is to solve the emotional and psychological problems.
Educational and Vocational guidance can be called personal guidance.

Principles of Guidance
Principle of universality.
Principle of continuity.
Principle of Individualism.
Principle of flexibility in methods and procedures.
Principle of complexity of problems.
Principle of self pacing.

Scope of Guidance service in schools
Help to make a satisfactory transition from home to the school.
To diagnose the difficulties in the learning of basic skills.
To help to avoid potential dropouts to study in schools.
To help them understand the purpose and meaning of life.
To plan for further education.

Guidance at Elementary School level
To adjust the new environment.
To adjust the special character of some children.
To reduce the learning disabilities.
To preserve their emotional, educational, social needs.
To prevent emotional, educational, social backwardness.


Guest Author: Counsellor Adewale A09 Sep 2014

This is an indeed Education link, friends must be invited.

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