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C Program of insertion and deletion in B tree


Posted Date: 24-Mar-2008  Last Updated:   Category: Computer & Technology    
Author: Member Level: Gold    Points: 5



/*Program of insertion and deletion in B tree*/
#include
#include
#define M 5

struct node{
int n; /* n < M No. of keys in node will always less than order of B
tree */
int keys[M-1]; /*array of keys*/
struct node *p[M]; /* (n+1 pointers will be in use) */
}*root=NULL;

enum KeyStatus { Duplicate,SearchFailure,Success,InsertIt,LessKeys };

void insert(int key);
void display(struct node *root,int);
void DelNode(int x);
void search(int x);
enum KeyStatus ins(struct node *r, int x, int* y, struct node** u);
int searchPos(int x,int *key_arr, int n);
enum KeyStatus del(struct node *r, int x);

int main()
{
int key;
int choice;
printf("Creation of B tree for node %d\n",M);
while(1)
{
printf("1.Insert\n");
printf("2.Delete\n");
printf("3.Search\n");
printf("4.Display\n");
printf("5.Quit\n");
printf("Enter your choice : ");
scanf("%d",&choice);

switch(choice)
{
case 1:
printf("Enter the key : ");
scanf("%d",&key);
insert(key);
break;
case 2:
printf("Enter the key : ");
scanf("%d",&key);
DelNode(key);
break;
case 3:
printf("Enter the key : ");
scanf("%d",&key);
search(key);
break;
case 4:
printf("Btree is :\n");
display(root,0);
break;
case 5:
exit(1);
default:
printf("Wrong choice\n");
break;
}/*End of switch*/
}/*End of while*/
return 0;
}/*End of main()*/

void insert(int key)
{
struct node *newnode;
int upKey;
enum KeyStatus value;
value = ins(root, key, &upKey, &newnode);
if (value == Duplicate)
printf("Key already available\n");
if (value == InsertIt)
{
struct node *uproot = root;
root=malloc(sizeof(struct node));
root->n = 1;
root->keys[0] = upKey;
root->p[0] = uproot;
root->p[1] = newnode;
}/*End of if */
}/*End of insert()*/

enum KeyStatus ins(struct node *ptr, int key, int *upKey,struct node
**newnode)
{
struct node *newPtr, *lastPtr;
int pos, i, n,splitPos;
int newKey, lastKey;
enum KeyStatus value;
if (ptr == NULL)
{
*newnode = NULL;
*upKey = key;
return InsertIt;
}
n = ptr->n;
pos = searchPos(key, ptr->keys, n);
if (pos < n && key == ptr->keys[pos])
return Duplicate;
value = ins(ptr->p[pos], key, &newKey, &newPtr);
if (value != InsertIt)
return value;
/*If keys in node is less than M-1 where M is order of B tree*/
if (n < M - 1)
{
pos = searchPos(newKey, ptr->keys, n);
/*Shifting the key and pointer right for inserting the new key*/
for (i=n; i>pos; i--)
{
ptr->keys[i] = ptr->keys[i-1];
ptr->p[i+1] = ptr->p[i];
}
/*Key is inserted at exact location*/
ptr->keys[pos] = newKey;
ptr->p[pos+1] = newPtr;
++ptr->n; /*incrementing the number of keys in node*/
return Success;
}/*End of if */
/*If keys in nodes are maximum and position of node to be inserted is
last*/
if (pos == M - 1)
{
lastKey = newKey;
lastPtr = newPtr;
}
else /*If keys in node are maximum and position of node to be inserted
is not last*/
{
lastKey = ptr->keys[M-2];
lastPtr = ptr->p[M-1];
for (i=M-2; i>pos; i--)
{
ptr->keys[i] = ptr->keys[i-1];
ptr->p[i+1] = ptr->p[i];
}
ptr->keys[pos] = newKey;
ptr->p[pos+1] = newPtr;
}
splitPos = (M - 1)/2;
(*upKey) = ptr->keys[splitPos];

(*newnode)=malloc(sizeof(struct node));/*Right node after split*/
ptr->n = splitPos; /*No. of keys for left splitted node*/
(*newnode)->n = M-1-splitPos;/*No. of keys for right splitted node*/
for (i=0; i < (*newnode)->n; i++)
{
(*newnode)->p[i] = ptr->p[i + splitPos + 1];
if(i < (*newnode)->n - 1)
(*newnode)->keys[i] = ptr->keys[i + splitPos + 1];
else
(*newnode)->keys[i] = lastKey;
}
(*newnode)->p[(*newnode)->n] = lastPtr;
return InsertIt;
}/*End of ins()*/

void display(struct node *ptr, int blanks)
{
if (ptr)
{
int i;
for(i=1;i<=blanks;i++)
printf(" ");
for (i=0; i < ptr->n; i++)
printf("%d ",ptr->keys[i]);
printf("\n");
for (i=0; i <= ptr->n; i++)
display(ptr->p[i], blanks+10);
}/*End of if*/
}/*End of display()*/

void search(int key)
{
int pos, i, n;
struct node *ptr = root;
printf("Search path:\n");
while (ptr)
{
n = ptr->n;
for (i=0; i < ptr->n; i++)
printf(" %d",ptr->keys[i]);
printf("\n");
pos = searchPos(key, ptr->keys, n);
if (pos < n && key == ptr->keys[pos])
{
printf("Key %d found in position %d of last dispalyed
node\n",key,i);
return;
}
ptr = ptr->p[pos];
}
printf("Key %d is not available\n",key);
}/*End of search()*/

int searchPos(int key, int *key_arr, int n)
{
int pos=0;
while (pos < n && key > key_arr[pos])
pos++;
return pos;
}/*End of searchPos()*/

void DelNode(int key)
{
struct node *uproot;
enum KeyStatus value;
value = del(root,key);
switch (value)
{
case SearchFailure:
printf("Key %d is not available\n",key);
break;
case LessKeys:
uproot = root;
root = root->p[0];
free(uproot);
break;
}/*End of switch*/
}/*End of delnode()*/

enum KeyStatus del(struct node *ptr, int key)
{
int pos, i, pivot, n ,min;
int *key_arr;
enum KeyStatus value;
struct node **p,*lptr,*rptr;

if (ptr == NULL)
return SearchFailure;
/*Assigns values of node*/
n=ptr->n;
key_arr = ptr->keys;
p = ptr->p;
min = (M - 1)/2;/*Minimum number of keys*/

pos = searchPos(key, key_arr, n);
if (p[0] == NULL)
{
if (pos == n || key < key_arr[pos])
return SearchFailure;
/*Shift keys and pointers left*/
for (i=pos+1; i < n; i++)
{
key_arr[i-1] = key_arr[i];
p[i] = p[i+1];
}
return --ptr->n >= (ptr==root ? 1 : min) ? Success : LessKeys;
}/*End of if */

if (pos < n && key == key_arr[pos])
{
struct node *qp = p[pos], *qp1;
int nkey;
while(1)
{
nkey = qp->n;
qp1 = qp->p[nkey];
if (qp1 == NULL)
break;
qp = qp1;
}/*End of while*/
key_arr[pos] = qp->keys[nkey-1];
qp->keys[nkey - 1] = key;
}/*End of if */
value = del(p[pos], key);
if (value != LessKeys)
return value;

if (pos > 0 && p[pos-1]->n > min)
{
pivot = pos - 1; /*pivot for left and right node*/
lptr = p[pivot];
rptr = p[pos];
/*Assigns values for right node*/
rptr->p[rptr->n + 1] = rptr->p[rptr->n];
for (i=rptr->n; i>0; i--)
{
rptr->keys[i] = rptr->keys[i-1];
rptr->p[i] = rptr->p[i-1];
}
rptr->n++;
rptr->keys[0] = key_arr[pivot];
rptr->p[0] = lptr->p[lptr->n];
key_arr[pivot] = lptr->keys[--lptr->n];
return Success;
}/*End of if */
if (posn > min)
{
pivot = pos; /*pivot for left and right node*/
lptr = p[pivot];
rptr = p[pivot+1];
/*Assigns values for left node*/
lptr->keys[lptr->n] = key_arr[pivot];
lptr->p[lptr->n + 1] = rptr->p[0];
key_arr[pivot] = rptr->keys[0];
lptr->n++;
rptr->n--;
for (i=0; i < rptr->n; i++)
{
rptr->keys[i] = rptr->keys[i+1];
rptr->p[i] = rptr->p[i+1];
}/*End of for*/
rptr->p[rptr->n] = rptr->p[rptr->n + 1];
return Success;
}/*End of if */

if(pos == n)
pivot = pos-1;
else
pivot = pos;

lptr = p[pivot];
rptr = p[pivot+1];
/*merge right node with left node*/
lptr->keys[lptr->n] = key_arr[pivot];
lptr->p[lptr->n + 1] = rptr->p[0];
for (i=0; i < rptr->n; i++)
{
lptr->keys[lptr->n + 1 + i] = rptr->keys[i];
lptr->p[lptr->n + 2 + i] = rptr->p[i+1];
}
lptr->n = lptr->n + rptr->n +1;
free(rptr); /*Remove right node*/
for (i=pos+1; i < n; i++)
{
key_arr[i-1] = key_arr[i];
p[i] = p[i+1];
}
return --ptr->n >= (ptr == root ? 1 : min) ? Success : LessKeys;
}/*End of del()*/


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Responses to "C Program of insertion and deletion in B tree"
Author: Manoj.J    29 Mar 2011Member Level: Bronze   Points : 1
Hi,

Thanks for the code but the deletion part has some segmentation problem, how to rectify that i am using this code with enhancements to it, insertion is working absolutely fine but deletion has segmentation problem.Can you please debug it i am unable to debug.

thank you



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