Unit 1 : Town Planning and Planning of Buildings
a) Necessity of Towns for safety, amenities and services and buildings of different types for
activities-living, working and leisure. Land – zoning : Introduction to different zones of
land in town planning, Requirements of residential zone, commercial industrial and
agricultural zone, open areas, green belts and parks, Importance of development plan.
Role of Plan Sanctioning Authority for Townships, co-op Housing societies and
apartments. Ownership of land, plot, 7/12 abstract, meanings of different terms of 7/12
abstract, 6-D form, list of documents to be submitted along with building Plan for sanction
from the authority.
b) Planning of Building – Principles of Architectural Planning and Design, Function/Utility,
form, planning for utility and aesthetics, submission drawings, working drawings.
Planning concepts of green buildings, eco friendly and cost effective buildings, rain
harvesting systems. (6 hours)
Unit: 2 Building bye Laws and Design of Buildings
a) Building rules and Bye laws : Necessity of building rules and bye laws, plot sizes, road
widths, open spaces, floor area ratio of (FAR), marginal distances, building line, control
line, heights regulations, room sizes, Area calculations for Built up area, floor area, carpet
area, rules for ventilation, lighting drainage, sanitation and parking of vehicles, rules for
layout plans. TDR, certificate of commencement and completion, various no objection
certificates to be produced, format of permissions from pollution control board, MSEB,
Water Supply and Drainage Department, State or National Highway Department.
Design of buildings for different climatic conditions, comfort standards and safety
b) Ventilation – Necessity of Ventilation, Natural ventilation stack effect, wind effect,
orientation with respect to ventilation, mechanical ventilation, objectives, selection of
ventilation system, air conditioning: necessity, design data, comfort factors, calculation of
air conditioning cooling load, air distribution, air conditioning system.
Lighting – Principles, day lighting design of windows, artificial illumination, solar energy
systems for lighting. (06 hours)
Unit 3: Design of Buildings
a) Noise and Acoustics: noise control, sound insulation, Acoustics: reverberation, acoustical
defects, conditions of good acoustics, sound absorbents.
Fire Protection: fire safety, fire load, grading of occupancies by fire loads, consideration
in fire protection, properties of fire resistant construction: wall, column, roofs and floors,
wall openings, fire escape elements.
b) Building Services – importance of building services, constructional requirements of
different building services: Lifts, escalators, telecommunication, electrical, entertainment,
use of solar energy for heating of water.
Plumbing Services – water storage tanks at Ground level and on terrace, calculation of
storage capacity, layout of water supply and drainage systems. (06 hours)
Unit 4 Planning of Residential Buildings
Bungalows, Row houses, Ownership flats and Apartments. Detailed working plans, design of
a staircase, calculation of built-up area. (06 hours)
Unit 5 Planning of Residential Buildings
Bungalows, Row houses, Ownership flats and Apartments: Elevation, detailed sections,
specifications and construction notes, foundation details, perspective drawing: one point and
two point. (06 hours)
Unit 6 Planning of Public Buildings
Planning of Public buildings: educational buildings, buildings for health care, industrial
buildings and commercial buildings. Dimensioned line plans of various public buildings. (06 hours)
A) Students should prepare working drawings of any one type of building (either residential
or public). Individual project to be planned. Submission of working drawing on 1:50 or
1. Layout Plan
2. Typical floor plan (by hand as well as by using computer software)
3. Elevation (by hand as well as by using computer software)
4. Foundation Plan (on tracing paper)
5. Structural Plan (on tracing paper)
6. Sectional Elevation
7. Axonometric view (on tracing paper)
8. Water Supply and Drainage layout. (On tracing paper)
B) Detailed line plans of any four public buildings to be drawn on graph papers.
C) Collection of brochures/information/literature for housing schemes
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