Endangered and Endemic Species in India

Endangered species are animals or plants which exist in very less number and if not conserved properly, will extinct. Endemic species are plants or animals exist in some particular regions and nowhere in the world. Unless conserved, these also will disappear from earth. This article lists the Endangered and Endemic Species in India.

Endangered Species

In India, around 450 plant species, 100 mammals and around 150 types of birds are considered as endangered. Unless we take immediate actions for protecting these species, all these will be extincted from earth. More species are coming under the endangered category every year due to reasons like over exploitation of resource and habitat destruction.

Critically Endangered animals

1. Jenkin's Shrew
2. Malabar Large Spotted Civet
3. Namdapha Flying Squirrel
4. Pygmy Hog
5. Salim Ali's Fruit Bat
6. Sumatran Rhinoceros
7. Wroughton's Free Tailed Bat

Endangered animals

1. Asiatic Lion
2. Asiatic Black Bear
3. Desert Cat
4. Great Indian Rhinoceros
5. Indian Elephant or Asian Elephant
6. Blue Whale
7. Capped Leaf Monkey
8. Fin Whale
9. Ganges River Dolphin
10. Hispid Hare
11. Indus River Dolphin
12. Red Panda

Vulnerable Species

1. Asiatic Wild Dogs
2. Banteng
3. Brown Bear
4. Clouded Leopard
5. Ganges River Dolphin
6. Himalayan Musk Dear
7. Jackal
8. Asiatic Golden Cat
9. Barasingha
10. Blackbuck
11. Fishing Cat
12. Royal Bengal Tiger
13. Sloth Bear
14. Wild Goat
15. Wild Yak

Threatened Species

1. Indian Wild Ass
2. Leopard
3. Red Fox

Endemic animals

Endemic species are animals or plants exist only in some particular areas and nowhere else in the world. In India, endemic species are mostly in Himalaya and Western Ghats. The endemic animals in India are :

1. Lion tailed Macaque
2. Nilgiri Langur
3. Brown Palm Civet
4. Nilgiri Tahr


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