India, a multi-party system
India follows a multi-party system for politics due to various reasons. India is a democratic country with diversified cultures from all the states. In India there are national parties and also small state parties. There are 6 national parties ruled by different political leaders and having distinct objectives. Each party follows their own principles and try to implement their ideas about national progress.
The six national political parties in India
Indian National Congress
This party system is the oldest in India. It was the most prominent party during the independence rule. Today Sonia Gandhi is the leader of this national political party that functions for Social democracy and liberty in social aspects of the nation. it is the political party that occupies the highest number of seats in Lok Sabha. Today 206 seats are occupied by the people of Indian National Congress.
Bharatiya Janata Party
This party system is most popular in India and most of the times the people vote for this party only due to their objectives to liberalize the economic and cultural aspects of the country. Today the leader of this party is Nitin Ghadkari. Today the total number of seats occupied in Lok Sabha by the people of BJP is 116.
Bahujan Samaj Party
This party functions for the people who are underprivileged and do not receive any social respect in the country. The leader of this political party is Mayawati who rigorously works for the upliftment of the Dalits of the nation. The main objective of this party is Dalit socialism. the total number of seats occupied by Lok Sabha is 21.
Communist Party of India
The main objective of the party is to spread communism for a better purpose of nation. The party follows the principles of Marxist theories.the party is led by Prakash Karat. The number of seats occupied today in Lok Sabha is 16.
National Congress Party
The main objective of this party is to spread the element of secular democracy to bring unity and make progress. this party is led by the leader Sharad Pawar. Today in Lok sabha 9 seats are occupied by this party.
Communist Party of India
It is the small national political party of India. The total number of seats occupied by the Lok sabha is only 4. The party is led by A.B. Bardhan. The main objective of this party is to spread communism for the betterment of society.
The position of the two communal parties is the far left and their political alliances are the left fronts. The BSP and the NCP are both centrist, wheras the INC is centre left and BJP is centre right.
The states are also ruled by various political parties. Almost every state is ruled by two to four parties such as the Assam consists of three parties namely All India United Democratic Front, Asom Gana Parishad, Badoland People's Front, Mahashtra consist of two political parties such as Shiv Sena and MNS.
Political parties in India
All the political parties in India are registered by the Election Commission of India. If a party should gain recognition they should be in rule for at least 5 years. According to the rule of the Election Commission in India if a state political party is operated in more than four states then it is a national party. During the time of the elections each political party is given a symbol from a list which the people have to choose. Each national political party has a flag with a symbol. For eg. The symbol of INC is raising hand, the symbol for BJP is lotus. Nationalist congress party is clock. The Indian National Congress is the oldest party that is existing since 1885 and the party formed most recently is the Nationalist Congress party which was found in 1999.