Nuclear energy in scientific terms defined as the inhaustible energy derived from the nucleus of an atom by the process of nucleus break up through nuclear fission and nuclear fusion. Nuclear fission is a process where the nucleus of an atom splits and releases radioactive materials such as uranium which are used in many ways. Nuclear fusion is a process s when the two atoms of an element get together and large amount of heat is generated. in this way the nucleus releases tremendous energy that is utilized for many purposes both constructive and destructive.
Nuclear energy- a boon
This powerful energy was found by William Rontgen in 1895. The energy released by the nucleus is used in the production of nuclear reactors which perform variety of functions. The nuclear reactors are used to boil water at a very high temperature within a specified period of time to use for industrial and production purposes. That water is also used to activate the turbine that is present in the shaft of a generator. The nuclear energy is powerful because helps in production of heat and electricity is larger quantities. It is a form of energy that does not directly create air pollution like combustion of coal or release of petroleum products produces. Nuclear energy is a source of power and may be used in the future as a means of substitute because it is free from pollution. There are many advantages of nuclear energies which the other form of energies cannot provide. Although it releases energy it does not inject any harmful gases like carbon dioxide, sulfur dioxide , carbon monoxide etc that is hazardous to environment. It does not constitute in the rise of global warming which the other form of energies do. When nuclear energy is being produced many area of the land is not occupied. Many natural resources are not exploited while producing the power. The energy is released by radiation does not specifically cause any harm to the environment and living creatures on earth. Hence nuclear energy is used to preserve the aquatic life and to make the environment more favorable to the wildlife. We heavily depend upon petroleum products and fossil fuels for production and for commutation. But these products are unfortunately inexhaustible and hence nuclear energy is a reliable source because it is inexhaustible. Nuclear energy is used for many medical applications. The recent medical technology that has spurred in the market Sterile Insect technique consists of nuclear technology. The contribution of nuclear energy in the food production and irrigation purpose is tremendous. It is used in the production of insecticides and pesticides to control the harmful organisms from invading the production. The reputed companies engaged in the food production are making use of nuclear technology to improve the quality of food grains, provide economical production and control pollution. The nuclear energy is used for clinical purposes to diagnose severe illnesses in a person.
Harmful effects of a nuclear energy
Nuclear energies can lead to many harmful effects to the human beings and society. When most of the nucleus reactor plants produce energy, radiated energy is wasted this can lead to many harmful effects. Although nucleus energy does not create any pollution, the waste that is released in the air can harm the environment. It can harm the TV sets also through the satellite. Being exposed to these radiation can lead to many harmful effects especially for the pregnant woman. Their children may be born with genital defects. As everybody is aware , the atomic energy is used in weapons for bombing purposes. Nuclear energy has caused massacre to millions of people over the world. Most of the terror filled events caused in the world today constituted the use of nuclear energy. The radioactive waste has caused harmful effects to many water bodies and aquatic life. The Chernobyl explosion was caused in 1986 when suddenly the energy exploded in the place of Ukraine in USSR. The reactor vessel got ruptured and many explosions took place when they urgently decided to shut down the plant. During the incident 4000 people were killed. When the WTC in New York was attacked by the Muslim fundamentalist the explosions were related to the utilization of nuclear power. During the World War II many countries made use of nuclear power such as for the Manhattan project, Nazi parties etc.
How to prevent harmful effects of nuclear energy
The radioactive materials that cause waste and harm the environment must be trapped in a place and constructive use should be made. The harmful effects can be reduced if the nations together form a peaceful relations with each other and maintaining a code of harmony.
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