Precaution against LPG leaking and fire hazards
Jayanta Datta Choudhury
Presently, Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) is being extensively used in domestic, commercial and automobile sectors replacing traditional fuels because of more economy and pollution free.
Some cares and precautions are required to use LPG gas to make it 100% risk-free. Due to lack of proper maintenance and safety precautions there may be incidence of explosions and fire hazards with casualties of human lives and properties.
• Leaking gas from sub-standard and dilapidated gas pipes.
• Wrong installation of regulator on gas cylinder.
• Installation of gas cylinder and gas oven in fire prone location.
• Leaving the kitchen room during cooking process.
• Use of improper cooking utensils.
How to handle LPG safely?
Liquefied Petroleum gases are highly combustible and inflammable when comes in contact with the source of any ignition in air. Millions of people in the world are utilizing this LPG as the most convenient, economical and pollution free cooking purposes. But it requires some safe handling procedure to avoid any accident. LPG is stored in the high tensile steel container under high pressure but the high pressure gas may start leaking from any weak rubber pipe, joint or sealed connector provided in the LPG container. Therefore, awareness about some statutory warning and safety precautions can avert any accidental hazards while using this useful and popular cooking, industrial and automobile fuel.
The following are some useful guide lines for safe handling of LPG cylinders for all the above mentioned purposes:
1.Install the LPG cylinders vertically in uncovered, airy and visible distance below the cooking platform.
2.Cooking oven or any other ignition sources should not be kept in close proximity of the gas cylinder.
3.Prior to turning on the gas cylinder in the morning it should be ensured first that no sign of gas accumulation inside the room by complete opening of all doors and windows.
4.Regularly checking of the gas tube connections on both cylinder and oven ends will help to detect any defects in the gas tube to avoid chances of gas leakage and subsequent accidental hazards.
5.Defective or dilapidated cylinder pipe should be replaced by a standard pipe at regular intervals as this may be the source of gas leakage.
6.It is recommended to use company recommended standard gas connecting pipe to ensure safe operation of LPG.
7.Take after-sales and services of registered LPG supplier to maintain the safe handling of LPG.
8.Don't use any candle or match light to check any sign of gas leakage from the cylinder which may cause any fire hazards.
9.Instead applying solution of soap and water in valve or pipe joints will be safe and effective to detect gas leaks. If there are any hidden source of gas leakage in the cylinder connection pipe bubbles will come out from the leakage joints.
10.Contact immediately the service department of the authorize LPG supplier to attend and rectify the faults.
11.After connecting new gas cylinder soap and water solution to be applied to ensure the pipe connection and joints for any chances of gas leakage. Then turn on the gas cylinder for working purposes.
12.Spare or replaced cylinder should be kept at the safe distance providing top safety cap avoiding close contact with the cylinder in use.
13 Don't keep any inflammable sources like kerosene, petrol, spirit etc or electrical equipments like micro-oven, toaster and heater in kitchen room which may cause extensive fire hazards due to any chance of gas leakage.
14.If there is any indication of gas leakage in kitchen room do not turn on or off any electrical switches or other electrical accessories inside kitchen room. Any electrical flash sparked from the switches may ignite the leaked and accumulated gas inside the kitchen room.
15.Using LPG suppliers' cylinder regulator will ensure safe performance of LPG.
What to do in case of LPG leaking?
1.In case of any sign of gas leaking immediately turn off the regulator valve to stop gas flow.
2.Open the doors and windows to exhaust the accumulated gas outside the kitchen room.
3.Wait for half an hour till the total accumulated gas is completely removed.
4.Do not turn on regulator switch, gas oven or any other source of ignition till the kitchen room is completely free from leakage gas and safe for cooking.
5.If it is difficult to control the gas leakage then immediately inform the LPG supplier or Fire services to avoid any fire accident.
6.As a precautionary measure it is wise to evacuate everyone from the effected area.
What to do when LPG is on fire?
1.Miniature fire extinguisher kept in house should be used immediately to extinguish initial fire broke out from gas cylinder. Simultaneously, fire brigade may be called if the fire does not come under immediate control.
2.Assessing the situation evacuate everyone from the building.
3.Small fire can be extinguished immediately with the help of wet cloth and then turnoff the regulator switch immediately.
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