Muslim Leader Who Followed Gandhian Principles - Zakir Hussain


Zakir Hussain was the third president of India. His appointment as the president reiterated that India is a secular country. Zakir Hussain was one of the nationalist Muslim leaders who followed Gandhian principles. Zakir Hussain was also an educationalist and founder of basic education.

Zakir Hussain was the third president of India. His appointment as the president reiterated that India is a secular country. Zakir Hussain was one of the nationalist Muslim leaders who followed Gandhian principles. Zakir Hussain was also an educationalist and founder of basic education. Zakir Hussain ancestors were the soldiers called as Pukhtun soldiers who migrated to the Rohilkhand Northern India during the 18th century. His family had moved to Hyderabad from Kaimganj, in Uttar Pradesh.

Zakir Hussain was born on 8 February 1897 in Hyderabad. He studied in Aligarh. He went to germany for higher education. Gandhiji wanted the children to get educated through practical lessons rather than learning sitting within four walls. This is called basic education. Zakir Hussain supported Gandhi and prepared a report on basic education. Gandhiji formed Nai Talimi Sangh in 1937 that had to work on the lines of Dr Hussain's report. Zakir Hussain who at the age of 23, with the support of the small group of students and teachers who decided to establish Jamia millia Islamia, a National Muslim University. His sacrifice and untiring efforts to keep the university afloat in very adverse circumstances won him appreciation with his political rivals like Mohammed Ali Jinnah.

Dr. Zakir Hussain laid the foundation of the Jamia Milia Islamia in Delhi as a result of Gandhiji's programme for basic education. He became the vice chancellor of Aligarh Muslim University in 1948. In 1952 he entered the Rajya Sabha. In 1957 he was made the governor of Bihar. He was also the member of the executive board of UNESCO in 1957-58. Between 1962 and 1967 Zakir Hussain server as the Vice President of India and the chairman of the Rajya Sabha. He never discriminated between the ruling party and the opposition. The congress ruled the country then. He never utilized the ruling party for any advantage.
Zakir Hussain became the President in 1967. He assumed his office on 13 May 1967. Zakir Hussain wrote few books. He had written stories for children. "Abbukhan's Goat" is one of the best children's stories he has written, He was a symbol of secularism. He did his work whole heartedly. In recognition of his services he was awarded "Bharat Ratna" in 1963. He loved flowers and gems. He died in 1969 while he was in office.


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