New Members

Earn Revenue

Help
Login
Register
Forum
Articles
Practice Tests
Ask Experts
Question Papers
Jobs
More »
Universities
Colleges
Courses
Schools
Reviews
Learn English
Gift Shop
Social Hub
Training
New Posts
My India
Members
Post Content
Resources
»
School Projects
»
Physics Projects
Moment Of Inertia And Its Significance
Updated:
28Feb2011
Category:
Physics Projects
Author:
shabir ali baig
Member Level:
Gold
Points
: 10
This article is about moment of inertia and its physical significance.
Moment of Inertia and its significance :
According to newton's first law of motion the body continues to stay in the state of rest or in the state of motion. This property of inertia possessed by all the matter is the measures of mass in translatory motion. Similarly when a body is rotating or fixed about an axis. Any change in its state of rest or motion can be brought about by a couple or Torque the greater the opposition to change greater is the inertia. It is this rotational inertia of the body is called its moment of inertia about its axis of rotation.
The analogy between the two types of motion is the mass defined as " Coefficient of inertia for translatory motion" and the moment of inertia defined as "Coefficient of rotational inertia in rotating motion". In translatory motion the motion of the body depends on the mass alone.
In rotatory motion, the moment of inertia of the body depends not only on the mass of the body but also upon the effective distance of the body from the axis of rotation. The effective distance K of the particles from the axis of rotation is called the radius of gyration about that axis and is equal to root mean square distance of the particles from the axis.
"The radius of gyration of a body about a given axis of rotation is the distance from the axis of rotation is the distance from the axis at which if the whole mass of the body were to be concentrated, the moment of inertia of the body about the axis of rotation would be the same as with the actual distribution of mass.
The mass of body remains the same, irrespective of rotation, the value of radius of gyration about the axis depends upon.
a) The position and direction of the axis of rotation
b) The distribution of the mass of the body about this axis, the value for the same body is different at different inclination.
The radius of gyration of a body about a given axis of rotation given an inclination of the distribution of the mass of the body about it and hence the effect of distribution mass on the moment of inertia about that axis.
Did you like this resource? Share it with your friends and show your love!
Tweet
Responses to "Moment Of Inertia And Its Significance"
Guest Author: pretty 25 Aug 2014
plz upload proper significance of moment of inertia
Guest Author: kishore ram Dhaka 16 Jan 2015
moment of inertia is always use in the case of rotation of a body about an axis and if moment of inertia high then you have to apply high torque to rotate the object and if less than less torque needed. As in linear motion if mass of body is high then high force is needed to accelerate the object.
Feedbacks
Post Comment:
Notify me by email when others post comments to this article.
Do not include your name, "with regards" etc in the comment. Write detailed comment, relevant to the topic.
No HTML formatting and links to other web sites are allowed.
This is a strictly moderated site. Absolutely no spam allowed.
Name:
Sign In
to fill automatically.
Email:
(Will not be published, but
required
to validate comment)
Type the numbers and letters shown on the left.
Submit Article
Return to
Article Index
Subscribe to Email
Get Jobs by Email
Forum posts by Email
Articles by Email
Awards & Gifts
Active Members
Today
R Pramod
(129)
Jebaprincy
(120)
M. K.
(84)
Last 7 Days
R Pramod
(1478)
M. K.
(753)
Jebaprincy
(725)
more...
Online Members
sampath
Ravinder Singh Jasrotia
Ekta Raikwar
Atul kumar Singh
Bhakti Savla
More...