The fundamental rights given in the part III of the Indian constitution include the following:
The right to free and compulsory education up to fourteen years of age for every child has been an important addition tom the list of the fundamental rights. In case of violation, any citizen can seek justice and the enforcement of the fundamental rights by appealing to the high court or the supreme court of India.
During the promulgation of a national emergency, all the fundamental rights are suspended except the right to life and personal liberty.
In a multiracial, multilingual overpopulated country, every citizen must realize that faithfully abiding by his Fundamental Duties alone will help in the ultimate progress and development of the nation. It is of no use to play the blame game where even educated individuals point fingers of accusation at the state and central government.
Following are the few of the fundamental duties of a citizen:
However, one must keep in mind that there is no provision in our constitution for the direct enforcement of these duties or any sanction to prevent their violation.
Values and morals form the basis of an person's life. Personal values such as honesty, charity and tolerance make a man an ideal person of the society.
International relations between the nations are governed by the values of the Panchsheel, advocated by India under the leadership of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru. The principles are:
Value education in schools
It is often said that values are caught and not taught.The first nursery of values is his own home. Parents and grandparents imbibe the children with family traditions, values and customs in keeping with the culture that has been followed by them since centuries.
In the school, the student finds more secular and democratic environment, where he has to interact with peers drawn form various communities and religions and speaking in different language. Ina multilingual, multiracial environment, the student must be provided with a set of social and cultural values that will help to participate openly and whole-heartedly in the process of education.
The teacher in the school is herself a role model and imbues the students with positive values by her own example.
If values are to be made the core of personality development, students must be made aware of social, cultural and environmental values through every aspect of curriculum.
In essence, the modern schools must one recall the principles of the ancient Gurukul systems of education, where the students received holistic education in close personal and spiritual connection with Guru, completed a comprehensive curriculum of learning the shastras and having acquired the most important life skills , emerged into society as responsible human beings tom carry on their further social responsibilities.