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Eco fuels for India
Fuels obtained from nature's elements are ecofriendly and readily available. It is the best solution for the present fuel crisis and global warming.
At the dark ages, where human survived with nature's elements brought a sustainable living. But as the hunger for development increased, man has no way but to kill the resources available in nature and fulfilled the basic needs such as food, shelter and cloth. But one such desire which man had brought disaster to the world is need for fuel. They can't survive without fuel since it is the only resources which make their life so easy. With the help fuel, they can transport themselves from one place to another; generate energy to manufacture products such as food, clothing and other needs. Fuel is mostly utilized for the transportation and cooking, but the depletion of both environment and the source increases simultaneously with the purpose. Petroleum and coal are the basic fuel with which mankind fulfills 90% of their needs. The formation of these fuels is chocking news since it takes billions of years to manufacture them by nature with the help of fossils (plants and animals) buried under earth, heat and pressure. These fossil fuels pollute the environment in such a way that the ice in the polar region starts melting due to global warming and land surface started decreasing with increase in the water bodies. It was estimated that by 2050 all the fossil fuels will be exhausted and there will not even single drop of fuel by that next fifty years i.e. 2010. In that case mankind will be devastated and gets back to dark ages where the machineries and technology will be of no use.
The trees are cut downed and utilized as fuel which basically leads to destruction of forests, and green lands. This will cause extinction of flora and fauna, reduced water table, and infertility of the soil (fallow land). By all these deeds of mankind, earth will end soon and judgment day will be on a non living earth.
At today's situation, a common man can afford a vehicle through some bank loan or self, but the only which makes him worry is the fuel rate. Hike in the fuel rate is increasing day by day and due to which the cost of other commodities are also increasing. This has become a headache for the common man and some day this will take the middle class people to below poverty line.
Hence the savior for all this disastrous things is development for eco fuels such as solar, wind and geothermal energy.
Characteristics features of Eco fuels
1)They are ecofriendly
2)Readily available in nature
3)Zero byproducts means low level of contaminants formed.
4)Processing of energy is simple and easy.
The most economically eco fuel is ethanol, which is nowadays manufactured using waste bioproducts and microorganism. Ethanol is basically utilized in most of the countries such as US, Brazil and India. It consists of 85% ethanol and 15% petroleum; hence it is mixed with the petrol and utilized inorder to increase the engine and fuel efficiency.
The ethanol produced from agriculture products and wastes from household are called bioethanol. Here the organic material consists of carbon and therefore they are utilized by the microorganisms such as bacteria, fungi etc as the food for living. This is called fermentation, and during this process, the microorganism leaves out certain byproducts which are basically known as ethanol. Bioethanol are most produced from agricultural wastes such as cabbage skin, potato, molasses, straw, sugarcane leaves and corn.
The most advanced method developed in this 21 century is utilizing algae for the production of biodiesel. This method was succeeded in some way but the production method was highly expensive. Research is under process and soon the scale up will be designed.
The most valuable resource available in the atmosphere which is considered the second most is hydrogen. Hydrogen can be produced from water through electrolysis and that process is employed in most of the hydrogen fuel vehicles. It is still a promising eco fuel in the future. This is the clean fuel technology going to be implemented in the upcoming years where the rate of air pollution is going to be minimized.
Sun is the natural resource which is keeping the earth alive and it is the most high energy source available in the whole universe. Hence solar panel and silicon plates are utilized to drag such high energy and make them available for the people to use it for day to day activity. Solar heaters and cookers are vital instruments which can reduce the utilization of electricity and natural gas such as LPG (liquid petroleum gas). Solar panels are attached to the car engine which makes the vehicle to run by the electric current produced by the suns heat and metal reaction. The electricity production through dam and coal burning can be reduced by implanting photovoltaic plant. These plants can be implemented in the arid region where the humidity is high.
An alga is the marine and photosynthetic microorganism found in most of the water stagnating area where the availability of the sunlight is possible. An algae consists of cellulose in its cell wall, which makes it efficient in the production of fossil fuel like biodiesel, biobutanol and other fuels. Algae are produced in photobioreactor, open and closed loop pond system where the cost of production is so cheap and efficient. The water utilized can be either from fresh water or sea water, but the production unit is always kept and maintain near the ocean or sea side since the availability of water is high and wastage of drinking water is avoided.
Finally the eco fuel could be one of the solutions for the fuel crisis which the world is facing now. Fuel utilization can also be reduced by human activities also such as using cycle for short distance travel, travelling in public transport system and maintaining the engine of the vehicle properly since engine problem can make the vehicle to drag more fuel. Most of the eco fuels are gift from nature and hence sustainable living has to be brought inorder to upgrade the human status on earth. The prosperity of the people and the world is in our hand and live long all.
Read related articles: Alternative Petroleum Eco Fuels
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