How Recruitment is different from Selection?

Recruitment are Selection are the processes that are performed during the placement of a candidate from any institute or other sources. These are performed in a sequence one after the another i.e. first of all recruitment is performed to accept applicants and after that selection is performed to reject unsuitable candidates. There are some significant differences between these processes which are covered under this post.

Difference between Recruitment ans Selection:


Recruitment is a process of searching the candidates fro employment and stimulating them to apply for the job in the organization. The process of Recruitment involves the following steps:
a) Identifies the different sources of labour supply,
b) Assesses their validity,
c) Choose the most suitable source,
d) Invites the applications from the prospective candidates for the vacant job.
Main key points of differences in recruitment are:
1. Its aim is to attract more and more candidates for the jobs.
2. It is a positive process, means encourages the candidates to submit applications for the selection.
3. The firm notifies the vacancies through various sources and distributes application forms to the candidates.
4. No contractual relation is created and employee's communication of vacancies only.


Selection involves the series of steps by which the candidates are screened for choosing the most suitable employee for the vacant job. Process involved during selection procedure contains following steps:
a)Preliminary interviews,
b) Receiving applications,
c) Screening of applications,
d) Employment test,
e) Employment interviews,
f) Reference checking,
g) Medical examination,
h) Final selection.
The main points of differences from recruitment are:
1. Its aim is to reject the unsuitable candidates and pick up the suitable candidates for vacant job.
2. It is a negative process, means its purpose is to reject most of the candidates.
3. The firm asks the candidates to pass through a number of phases such as filling a form, employment test, interviews, medical exams, etc.
4. It leads to a contract of service between the employer and the employee.

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Author: Dr. Sukhdev Roy Shukla21 May 2011 Member Level: Gold   Points : 1

Yes, Mr. Saggu. Both of the processes aim at placement of a suitable candidate. Recruitment process precedes the selection process. Different media are used while initiating the recruitment process. You may call it a negative process but the selection process aims at a positive outcome - the selection of candidate(s). In that sense it is positive and results into getting the best candidate(s). Both supplement each other and each one does not carry any meaning in isolation in the context of placement.

Author: Harpreet Singh Saggu22 May 2011 Member Level: Silver   Points : 1

Yeah, Mr. Sukhdev, you are right. I know the selection process is positive for the industry as it helps to select candidate(s) that are good in their field of specification and make some contribution towards the progress of the industry. But, the reason for negative is only for the candidate(s) as maximum of them are rejected after this. Although, it gives a good opportunity for the candidate(s) who are ready for it.

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