India the land of Gods and Goddesses
India is a land of Gods and Goddesses, religious believers' and spirituality since the pre-historic days. Hinduism being the oldest religion of the world germinated on this land, and the followers worship many Gods, Brahma the creator, Vishnu the proctor, Shiva the destroyer, Ram, Krishan, Ganesh, Hanuman, Indra, Yama, etc. In the Hindu culture the Goddesses also play a major role and are numerous like, Durga, Sita, Vaishno, Parvati, Saraswati, etc. Saraswati is the Goddess for learning and knowledge, likewise all the Gods and Goddesses are assigned to a task which is their area of jurisdiction.
It is not only the Gods which are predominant in this land, but even the human beings who have attained spirituality to a level, thus being analogous gods, Ashoka the great preceding the list.
The call of spirituality has attracted many saints to this holy land. One of them is a Holy Saint Hazrat Khawaj Nizamuddin Auliya son of Ahmed Bukhari who travelled from Bukhara town in Uzbekistan to Lahore and then to a town Badayun in the state of Uttar Pradesh.
Resting place of Hzt. Nizamuddin Auliya
The present rest place of this Holy Saint is in Delhi known as Darga Nizamuddin Auliya. This monument, a combination of marble and red stone is majestic but with spirituality oozing one.
The entry from east to this holy shrine is the Jannati Darwaza or the Gate of Heaven. The passage to this chef-d'oeuvre gate is thronged with the shops of rose flowers which are oblation to the Holy Saint's shrine by devotees. The gate is a workmanlike job which has artistically ornate arches which are the custodians to the Persian architecture. The gate leads to the pathway which has polished marble leading to the centre courtyard of the shrine where the qawwali, the devotional music, is performed. The august tomb of Hazrat Nizamuddin Auliya is a monument of architectural brilliance which is covered with a dome, crested with an ornate lotus of marble and joined with a collar beautiful parapet which gives the entire building a heavenly look. The tomb is on a raise platform which is enclosed in archways and curio lattice screens known as the jalis. Archways are joined to the elegant pillars and both the pillars and the arch have nicely crafted ornamental designs. The entry to the tomb has gates which are plated with silver. The whole place is perfumed with the fragrance of roses which are offered on the tomb by the devotees.
To the left of the main tomb structure in a magnificent mosque that was build by Allauddin Khilji a ruler of Delhi. This building is made from the red sandstone which has a colossal entry to it.
In this complex exits the tomb of Amir Khusro the most loved disciple of Nizamuddin Auliya who was a rich merchant but the divine call of spirituality made him renounce the world and lead the life for the enlistment of the down trodden. This tomb is also covered from all the sides by the lattice screen and the entire building is made from marble.
The Bauri Gate entry to shrine
The entry to this holy shrine is also from the north side through the Bauri Gate—manmade water tank. This huge gate is made from red sandstone. This majestic archway is a magnum opus which mesmerises the visitor on every visit. The huge wooden gate has nail as big a palm to hold the big wooden blocks together. On entering to the shrine from this gate the visitor receives cool breeze due to the man-made water body which was constructed on the order of the holy saint. The walls supporting this manmade water tank has archway making the onlooker wonder for the reason behind it. These arches help to create an air current which further cools the place. This water body has many qualities; the water is clean even after seven hundred years and keeps the entire building ventilated with soothing cool air current.
A long cool and shaded pathway leads to the back side of the tomb of Nizamuddin Auliya. Both sides of the pathway are lattice screens making the walk to the tomb and soul soothing experience.
The early life
Hazrat Nizamuddin Auliya was born in Badayun in 1238 AD. He was deprived of his father's love at the age of five due to his father's death. He travelled to Delhi along his mother Bibi Zulekha. After completing his initial worldly learning he travelled to Ajodhan village at Pakpatan now in Pakistan for the spiritual guidance of Baba Fariduddin Masud Ganjshakar and in the span of four years he was the most liked disciples of Baba Fariduddin. Culminating the worldly, spiritual and theological education he stayed on in Delhi and next the present Humayun Tomb he made his Khanqah the place of living and meeting people.
His teaching and service
It is said that the Holy Saint had the profound understanding of the ethics. He advocated peace and love among the people and to respect all the fellow human beings as creation of one Creator.
Being from the lineage of the Chisti Sufi sect his creedal was to remove ego, enrich the soul, which is only possible through considerable love towards the Almighty. He theological teaching are to emphasis on renunciation and to generate complete trust in God, to unit mankind and shunning distinctions on the basis of social, economical or religious status. The most liked doctrine of his life is to be sympathetic towards the oppressed and feed the hungry, which was done in his life time known as langar. One can estimate to quantity of food that was prepared for the needy from the quantity of salt used for preparing the entire one time food amounting to be 2800 kgs or 6000 pounds. It was sent to more than 60 kms with the utensils to be left with the receiver. The utensils were of silver and amounted to the price of changing the roof of the house for seven times, thus it was not only to extinguish the hunger but also the to help the person economically.
Alqab or Titles
He is addressed by titles like Mehboob-e-elahi (Beloved of God), Sultan-ul-mashaiq, Dastageer-E-dojahan, Jag ujyare, and Qutb-E-Dehli. His divine personality has attracted many people to his tomb and the ruler venerated his holy personage. Even after his death on 3 April 1325 AD many remained attached to his doctrines. The present structure over the tomb was the devotional work carried by Jahanara daughter of the Mughal emperor Shahjahan. The Urs (death anniversary) of Hazrat Nizamuddin Auliya is celebrated at the Nizamuddin Dargah on the 17th of Rabi II (Rabi-ul-Aaqir) month of the Islamic calendar. Thousands of devote visit this shrine on this particular day and the decoration on the day of Urs are the best to be looked at.
Lineage of Hzt. Nizamuddin Auliya
This shrine is a monument which is not only resting place for the Holy Saint whose lineage is from the eldest son of Hazrat Syedna Imam Ali al-Naqi (AS) the tenth Imam of the Shia Muslims, but the decoration and the structure of the building is beyond word. The expensive chandeliers and the miniature ornamentations have it own charm when seen in person. Nothing can compare to this monument which is holy and divine in it own respect.
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