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What is the concept of culture?
|Posted Date: 10-Jun-2011 ||Last Updated: ||Category: Education |
|Author: Jot||Member Level: Gold ||Points: 15|
In this article,all is about the concept of Culture,components or elements of culture and characteristics or qualities of culture. The culture of a society means the total way of life of a society. Culture is the expression of our nature in our modes of living and our thinking, in our literature, in religion, in recreation and enjoyment.
The word culture is derived from the latin word 'cultura' which means to till, to cultivate. This means that the culture is to be cultivated and it can grow itself.Culture is "The realm of styles, of values, of emotional attachments, of intellectual adventures.
Components Or Elements Of Culture:
1.Group Behaviour Patterns: Culture includes the group behaviour pattern such as (i)Folkways, (ii)Mores, (iii)Customs, (iv)Traditions, (v)Laws, (vi)Stereo-types, (vii)Legends, (viii)Fashion, (ix)Myth.
2.Literature And Its Branches i.e., Drama, Poetry, Prose, Story.
3.Art And Its Various Aspects i.e., Music, Dance, Sculpture, Paintings, Photography and Architecture.
4.Religion i.e., Worship, Rituals, Sacrifice, Collective Prayers.
5.Ethics i.e., Ethical and Noble actions, and Reverence for man's personality.
6.Educational and Recreational Institutions like Library, Museum, School, Cinema Halls, Theatres, Clubs etc.
7.Social, Economical and Political Institutions.
8.Commerce and Industries.
Characteristics Or Qualities Of Culture :
1.Learned quality: Culture is a learned quality. It is not innate or biologically acquired. In fact, it is sociologically acquired. Traits learned through socialisation, habits and thoughts are called Culture.
2.Transmitive quality : Culture is transmitted from person to person and generation to generation. The individual is moulded according to his family and society of which he is a member. Culture is constantly accumulating. The new generation gains by the experiences of the older generation through the communicability of culture.
3.Social quality: Culture is a social, not individual heritage of man. Man cannot create or generate culture while existing apart from the group. Culture is inclusive of the expectations of the members of groups. Each member is dependent on the other and each expects from another. By this expectation is the society bound by culture.
4.Idealistic quality: Culture is idealistic. It stands for ideal norms of human behaviour. It is the refinement. Society accepts these ideals, norms and patterns.
5.Gratifying quality: Culture meets and satisfied the social and ethical needs of man. Social habits form a part and parcel of culture. Habits can be formed of those activities only which tend to gratify some needs Without gratifying those needs culture cannot exist.
6.Adaptive quality: Culture has characteristic of adaptation. Each culture tries to adopt the qualities outside its own environment. The contact of two or more culture takes place and this interaction lends the adaptive quality to the culture.
7.Integrative quality: Culture has the quality of becoming integrated. Various parts of culture are integrated with each other and any new element which is introduced is also integrated. Those culture which are more open to external influence are comparatively more heterogeneous but nevertheless some degree of integration is inevitable in all cultures.
8.Manifestation quality: Culture is the manifestation of man's mind in varying moods of nature and environment, and in the changing course of history. Culture of civilised societies has its own momentum of progress. Members of such a society cannot remain aloof from the diving currents of culture.
9.Dynamic quality: Culture has a dynamic quality. It is changing. It is in constant flux. No nation has had constant cultural traditions. Every generation adds something new and modifies something of old.
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