List of abbreviations used in Windows server operating system

This article abbreviates the common terms used in windows server operating system family and also used in active directory. These abreactions will be tested in the interview for the role of windows / system admin and in all the IT companies.

Many may come across the below terms but some will find it difficult to abbreviate the terms. These terms are generally tested in the interview for the position windows admin. So, hope the below mentioned abbreviations will be useful for some of our ISC members.

UNC - Universal Naming Convention
MAC - Media Access Control
PDC - Primary Domain Controllers
BDC - Backup Domain Controllers
SMP - Symmetric Multi Processors
AMP - Asymmetric Multi Processing
EFS - Encrypted File System
FAT - File Allocation Table
HCL - Hardware Compatibility List
IIS - Internet Information Service
LSA - Local Security Authority
MMC - Microsoft Management Console
OU - Organizational Unit
RAS - Remote Access Service
RDP - Remote Desktop Protocol
RRAS - Routing and Remote Access Service
SID - Security Identifier
WINS - Windows Internet Name Service
GUID - Globally Unique identifier
IAS - Internet Authentication Service
UPN - User Principle Name
BIOS - Basic Input Output System
Net BIOS - Network Basic Input/output System
ARP - Address Resolution Protocol
DVD - Digital Video Disk
GPO - Group Policy Object
IPSec - Internet Protocol Security
ISP - Internet Service Provider
NAT - Network Address Translation
MBT - Master Boot Record
USB - Universal Serial Bus
POST - Power On Self Test
SCSI - Small Computer System Interface
SMTP - Simple Mail Transfer Protocol
URL - Uniform Resource Locator
RAID - Redundant Array of Independent Disk
IDE - Intelligent drive Electronics or Integrated Drive Electronics
FQDN - Fully Qualified Domain Name
OSPF - Open Shortest Path First
RIP - Routing Information Protocol
POP3 - Post Office Protocol
SMTP - Simple Mail Transfer Protocol
SMPS - Switch Mode Power Supply
PING - Packet Internet Groper
VNC - Virtual Network Computing
EULA - End User License Agreement
CAL - Client Access License
TSCAL - Terminal Services Client Access License
UPS - Uninterruptible Power Supply
BIND - Berkeley Internet Name Domain
PXE - Pre boot eXecutable Environment
UDF - Uniqueness Database file
LDAP - Light weight Directory Access Protocol
ISDN - Integrated Services Digital Network
VLSM - Variable Length Subnet Mask
CIDR - Classless Inter Domain Routing
IGMP - Internet Group Management Protocol
FSMO - Flexible Single Master Operations
APIPA - Automatic IP addressing
NetBEUI - Net Bios Enhanced User Interface
UDP - User Datagram Protocol
FTP - File Transfer Protocol
Mbps - Mega bits per second
Ntds.dit - Nt directory information tree.
ICMP - Internet Control message Protocol
IGMP - Internet group Management Protocol
NNTP - Network News Transfer Protocol
RADIUS - Remote Authentication Dial In User service
SNMP - Simple Network Management protocol
VPN - Virtual Private Network
L2TP - Layer2 Tunneling Protocol
PPTP - Point to Point Tunneling Protocol
ADSI - Active Directory Service Interfaces
SUS - Software Update Service
SMS - System Management Service
WUS - Windows Update service
TFTP - Trivial File Transfer Protocol


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