National Rural Health Mission NRHM, planning to implement some special projects in around 650 districts in the country. Gulab Nabi Azad informed it in a three days conference held at Hyderabad with all health ministers of this country. As per the central health minister, these projects will take place in 100 backward districts of 21 states of India, which will continue end of 2012. Moreover, triumph of this project to be executed for next five-year plan.
In other way, in last 6 year, 53 thousand crore rupees has spend over. However, child and mother death rate not decreased as per the health minister. South and western states of India have succeeded somehow, but eastern, northern, and northeast states were failed to implement properly. It was a great announcement on 11th five-year plan about NRHM, but as it failed, it may not be included in 12th five-year plan. However, health department is pressurizing planning commission to include this anyhow.
As per the central health minister, NRHM succeeds in only one matter that is eradication of Polio in India. There is a huge enhancement in eradication of polio in India in this last six year. Up to 2009, there are 700 polio patients whereas; in 2010, it seems only 42. 72% of TB patients are marked-out, and 87% patients are cured as per World Health Organization WHO. The infectivity of HIV was decreased to 50% in these years.
Similar to NRHM, National Urban Health Mission NUHM is also operating central govt. in district sub-divisions. However, this kind of programs and projects are not succeeded until now in India. Rarely, it succeeded in vector burn disease segment, as in Odisha. This is because; the mosquito-net program at Odisha did well; as the death rate of malaria decreased in northeastern parts of Odisha.
Central ministry is prioritizing mostly on health and hygiene sectors to control any kind of ailments in country. Zilla-parishad will counterpart in this mission. Mostly, standing committee members of education and health will be taught and refined about controlling vector burn disease. Every person in India, more than 30 years will examined for diabetes and blood pressure. For this, database will be prepared in block level.
Additional information is due to non-communicable diseases, 42% people were dying in India. It will be prioritizing in 12th five-year plan. Loss of memory due to inhaling drugs and cigarettes is also a special program under this. Controlling Thalassemia nationwide is also a new project under this. Every state govt. must do awareness programs about effects of chewing gutkha and tambakhu. State govt. was informed to open nursing home, clinical psychology and psychiatric social works department in their medical college for mental disorder patients and modernizing mental hospitals and psychiatric wings in every state.
Central health ministry is also planning programs to eradicate blindness in country. However, the action plan must be prepared by the state govt. On or before 1 March 2012, there must be one nurse and one doctor appointed in each primary health center in every state. Tracking of secure delivery of child, after caring, and vaccination must be followed at every health center. End of December 2012, there must be a blood bank at every district headquarters. Newborn care should be opened at every health centre. Birth waiting home will be opened at hill, deserts and tribal areas, so that pregnant women can stay with their attendants far before the delivery. As per the central govt., 70% of fund will be spending over primary health centers. Districts poor in health and hygiene will be marked and treated seriously.
The MBBS seats will increase to 250, instead of 150 and PG seats will increase accordingly in every medical college in India. A new program 'Bachelor on Rural Health Care' will be launching on March 2012 and 150 ANM and GNM school programs will started.