Biography of Thunjath Ramanujan Ezhuthachan

Do you know who is the father of Malayalam language?It is none other than Thunchathu Ramanujan Ezhuthachan.He was born in Tunchan Parambu in Tirur a small town in Malappuram district of Kerala, South India. We can compare him with Tulsi das in Hindi.

Due to his devotion to the language, his influence and hard work on the acceptance of the Malayalam alphabet, and his extremely popular poetic works in Malayalam we are calling him the father of Malayalam language. "Ezhuthachan" is a titled for a great male teacher or schoolmaster(Ezhuthamma - female counterpart). It is also the name of a caste in old India particularly in kerala.

He was born around 450 years ago.His original name is still unknown. He is alternatively known as Thunjath Ramanujan Ezhuthachan or sometimes simply Ramanujan, but most often simply as Ezhuthachan.

Thunchaththu Ezhuthachan was born in the 17th century. The birth place of Ezhuthachan is now known as Thunjan Parambu.Many people saying that he was born into a Chakkala Nair (low subcast among Nairs) family.It was a low caste among Savarna hindu caste system of Kerala and among the Nair caste. Some legends are like Ezhuthachan's father was a Namboodiri Brahmin , and another sources claim that he was of the Ezhuthachan (sometimes called Kadupattan) caste.Dr. A.C Burnel (noted Indologist) confirmly saying that he was born in the Ezhuthzchzn caste only.

There may have been many popular keerthanas, namam or japam by other poets in Malayalam language, but it was veritably impossible to find a single house in Kerala without Ezhuthachan's "Adhyathma ramayanam" .Also he wrote all these poems at the time of war, disease and famine.

All his works are in simple Malayalam language. By this there is no doubt about his contribution to the literary level of the common man. Ezhuthachan taught the people to respect and worship the language and the alphabet, a level of culture which is difficult to find even in the modern era. He created the Malayalam language style and wrote his works for ordinary people.
His contribution to the Malayalam language is unparalleled, and his contribution in the cultural level is immense. His style of writing the poems is unique. He is asking to a kili (parrot) to tell the Ramayana and Mahabharata and the poems are like the kili is chanting to him. the name of these type of work is "kilippattu" (the song of parrot) His chief original works are Adhyatmaramayanam (a translation of the Ramayana , "Mahabharatham" (a translation of the Mahabharata) , Sundarakandam kilippattu.


Guest Author: Lakshmi16 Jul 2012

Thunjath Ramanujan Ezhuthachan was a great scholar in Malayalam Language. He must be a scholar in Sanscrit also as he translated Adhyathma Ramayanam and Mahabhagavatham in Malayalam. Apart from being a scholar he showed the path of Bhakthi towards Moksha in his famous 'Hari nama Keerthanam'. Like Poonthanam, Melpathur, Vilwamangalam, Kurooramma he must be an ardent devotee of Narayanan. That is why Melpathoor asked Ezhuthachan from where he should start his Narayaneeyam. Ezhuthachan's answer was to start from Malsyavatharam. This incident shows that he should have had such a great respect among the other scholars in Sanskrit and Malayalam and other Narayana bhakthas in those days. This incident also shows that Ezhuthachan and Melpathur were contemporaries. Poonthanam and Melpathur were also contemporaties.

Guest Author: Jayaraman20 Jun 2014

The birth place of Thunjath Ezhuthachan is shown as Tirur, which doesn't appear to be correct. It seems He was born in Thanur (old name: Thanniyur) to an 'Ezhuthachan' family that used to run an 'Ezhuthu Kalari' teaching (children from all castes & creeds) language, sasthras, puranas, vedas etc.

Author: T.M.Sankaran05 Jul 2014 Member Level: Gold   Points : 2

As a memorial to Thunchath Ezuthachan, Kerala Government has given his name to the new Malayalam University at Thiroor. Various courses has started there. Malayalam is given prominence. Building constructions are partially completed. and the academic activities have begun.

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