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Legal provision for environment management.
This article gives the information about the legal provision adopted by the Government to control the earth atmosphere. These provisions are adopted by the Government in different years with different motives. Most of the provisions are adopted by the Ministry of Environment and Forest(MoEF) with the help of Central Pollution Control Board(CPCB) and State Pollution Control Board(SPCB).
Different measures had been adopted by the Government of India-
Ministry of Environment and Forest.
This provision ensures the smooth running of the Environment.
Below are the important environment related Acts and Rules:-
Environmental protection act of 1986:-
In 1972, the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment at Stockholm, highlighted the various issues of environment degradation and in response to this, the Government of India enacted,
"The Environment Protection Act"
in 1986. This Act empowered the Central Government to present, control and abate environmental pollution.
Salient features of the environment Protection Act:
To provide for the protection and improvement of the environment.
To provide for the regulation of discharge of environmental pollutants and handling of hazardous substances.
To provide for the creation of authority which advocates powers for environmental protection. .
To provide for speedy response in the event of accidents threatning the environment and punishment to those who endanger the environment and health of others.
The Environmental protection act gives the power to the Central Government to take measures to protect and improve the environment. The Environment protection act is also known as the umbrella.
The Hazardous Waste(Management and Handling) Rules of 1989:-
It control the generation, collection, treatment, import, storage, and handling of hazardous waste.
Bio-Medical Waste(Management and Handling) Rules 1998:-
It is notified under the Environmental Protection Act by the Ministry of Environment and Forest(MoEF).
Main approaches of the rule are—
Segregation of waste
Collection of bio-medical waste.
Transportation(separate routes must be designated).
Management and administration.
Measures for waste minimisation.
Ozone depleting substances(Regulation and Control)rules, 2000:-
It was published under the notification of the Government of India in the Ministry of Environment and Forests.
This rules emphasises on the following approaches:-
Regulation of production and consumption of ozone depleting substances.
Prohibition on expoet to or import from countries not specified Schedule 4.
Ozone depleting substances are to be exported to or imported from countries specified in Schedule 4 under a license.
Regulation of the sale of ozone depleting substances.
Regulation on the purchase of ozone depleting substances.
Regulation on the use of ozone depleting substances.
Prohibition on new investments with ozone depleting substances.
Regulation of import, export and of products made with or containing ozone depleting substances.
The Recycled Plastics Manufacture and Usage Rules, 1999:-
It is the rule notified with the objective to regulate the manufacture and use of recycled plastics carry bags and containers.
Salient features of the Rules:-
Thickness of the carry bags made of virgin plastics or recycled plastics shall not be less than 20 microns.
Carrry bags and containers made of virgin plastic shall be in natural shade or white.
Recycling of platics shall be under taken strictly in accordance with the Bureau of India Standards specifications.
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