It feels soft and fluffy to hear the very word 'Silk' being mentioned. Sarees made up of silk have the reflections of Indian culture and its work of art. As for that, there are many varieties of silk but wild silk is wildly beautiful in itself encompassing in it the unique aroma of Indian culture. Wild silk is of three types- silk bug (resham kiit), mooga and tussar and iri. The magic of beauty of these silks could be seen in Champa, Bhagalpur, Raigarh etc.
What is so special about this wild silk
Wild silk is special in all respects. If the matter of its colour is to be talked about, then in it you will find the natural colours- cream, brown and golden which are liked by the consumers very much. Apart from this, wild silk is fully environment friendly and conducive to health due to its special structure and its holes being fully temperature proof. It is eco friendly because no chemical is used in its production. The activities relating to cocooning for marketing purpose is mostly carried out by women. The silk bugs are provided full security by the forest wealth.
The bewitching Iri silk-Type of wild silk
This silk is made by the wild silk bugs. Iri is a multi breed silk from the cells of which only the spinning is undertaken. Iri silk is the bi product of the domestic silk moths philosaikia risati which chiefly eat arandi (caster) leaves.
Iri shawls and bed spreads are very famous for its designs and warmth. Not only this, but this is used in cotton, jute, wool, and mulberry silk as well.
The eye catching tussar silk Tussar silk is manufactured by the Tussar silk moths in India . India is the second largest Tussar silk producing country in the world. The chief producing places of tussar silk in India is in Jharkhand, Chattis garh, Madhya Pradesh and Orissa. The oak tussar is manufactured in Manipur, Himachal Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh. Tussar silk is mostly used in making furnishing materials, dress materials, jackets, salwar, kurta, dresses, stoles, scarf, and sarees. Oak tussar is used in shawls and mufflers. Tussar could be used in form of prints, paints through hands, and on sarees and dresses in the form of traditional fabrics.
The magnificent mooga
Mooga silk is known for its unique golden colour. This silk infact is produced. The most costly mooga silk ia the part of the tradition and the culture of the Assam state. Bribrent salkuchi saree and Mekhala bed spreads are traditionally prepared with the mooga silk. Very recently, the designers have made use of moogas as a new product. By using mooga in place of jari, saree has been made more beautiful.
Central Silk Board is working under the administrative control of the Government of India. There is a nodal agency for the development of all types of silk in India. The matter of the development of wild silk is of special interest for the Central Silk Board. Several projects are being launched in many countries of the world over for the development of Mooga, Tussar and Iri including in India. Not only this, the Central Silk Board is organising exhibitions of CUTUS Collection (Mooga, Tussar and Iri) in all countries. People through these exhibitions will come to know of the Indian silk and will recognise its importance and beauty of it.
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