Central government and bank employees are transferable all over India. When they were transferred, they found it difficult to provide education to their children on a consistent syllabus as each state was following its own syllabus. Further the second language was different in each state. So Kendriya Vidyalayas were introduced by the centre with common CBSE syllabus which solved the problems of transferable employees.
Many Public and private schools were started with CBSE or ICSE syllabus.
Now, more people migrate to different countries for better job opportunities. To cater to their needs International schools came into existence. They follow Cambridge syllabus. Some International schools follow the syllabus of country of origin and Cambridge syllabus. But the syllabus got a new dimension in 2000. So some International schools started using IB curriculum which is the latest development in education field.
The International Baccalaureate organization is having head quarters at Switzerland but has no country affiliation. It offers IB curriculum. It offers three sequence programmes. They are Primary year programme (PYP), Middle year Programme (MYP) and Diploma programme. Primary year programme for students in the age group of 3years to 12 years. Middle year programme is for students in the age group of 11 years to 16 years. Diploma programme is for students in the age group of 11 years to 16 years. IB also offers career oriented certificate course called IBCC for the students in the age group of 16 years to 19 years.
IB curriculum demands that schools are to develop the spirit of enquiry in students, encouraging them to grow individuals who continue to learn throughout the life. Students are encouraged to be inquirers, risk takers, knowledgeable, principled, caring, open minded, balanced, communicative and reflective. Schools following IB curriculum encourage these attributes in students.
Primary year Programme (PYP - K1 to Grade 5)
Subjects to be studied are Language, Social studies, Mathematics, Science and technology, arts and personal, social and physical education.
Students are to undertake community service.
There is no formal examination up to grade 5. The assessment process is continuous.
Middle year Programme (MYP – Grade 6 to Grade 10)
Subjects to be studied are Mathematics, Science, Humanities, Technology, Physical education, Visual Arts, Music, Language A and Language B
Personal project is also to be done.
MYP identifies a set of objectives for each subject and the level of student success in meeting the objectives of each subject is measured.
IB diploma Programme DP
It is equivalent to class XI and Class XII in Indian schools.
Students are to select subjects in groups listed and also meet core requirements.
Group 1: Studies in Language and Literature
Group 2: Language acquisition
Group 3: Individual and societies
Group 4: Experimental sciences
Group 5: Mathematics and Computer Sciences
Group 6: Arts
- Extended essay
- Theory of knowledge
- Creativity action service
Basic skills (i.e. retaining knowledge, understanding key concepts and applying standard methods) are assessed. Advanced skills (i.e. analyzing and presenting information, evaluating and constructing arguments, and solving problems creatively) are evaluated.
International schools in India following IB curriculum
There are 85 IB international schools offering one or more of the three IB programmes. 31 schools offer the Primary years Programme, 8 schools offer Middle years Programme and 77 schools offer the Diploma Programme. The first school was authorized in 1976.
Recognition of the IB diploma by Indian universities
International Baccalaureate Diploma has been recognized by the association of Indian Universities as an entry qualification in India since 1983 and renewed in 2010.