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Sabarimala Temple - Heaven on the earth
Many, particluarly those from South India, are well aware of the famous Sabarimala Temple and the stories of Lord Ayyappa. Statistics shows this temple to be one of the largest pilgrimage centre in terms of devotees walk-in. A small article from myside to the people from other parts of the country and around the world regarding Sabarimala where I have incorporated the temple descriptions, the mythological facts and its features. Let this Punya nagari's fame grow as much as its divinity.
Swamiye Sharanam Ayyappa
Sabarimala Temple is one of the Internationally acclaimed religious centre situated in Pathanamthitta district of Kerala. It is located on the top of Sahyadri mountain ranges and is surrounded by tropical forests and 18 hills, "Karimala" hill being the most famous among them. The presiding deity at Sabarimala is Lord Ayyappa (who is other wise known by names Ayyanar, Dharma Shastha, Harihara putran, Manikantan). The Hindu philosopy "Tat Tvam Asi" (that thou are) has been carved on the front side of the temple. The philosopy depicts "Oneness / equality" of all the beings in the world. As such, Sabarimala temple is open to all irrespective of caste, creed etc. Towards the east of Sabarimala temple, there is a mosque of Lord Vavar (Vavar nada). Lord Vavar is the Muslim associate of Ayyappa who has divine power. It is believed that any one who wants to visit Ayyappa, must first visit Vavar and then head to Sabarimala. Such a caste friendless could rarely be seen in any other part of the world. .As Lord Ayyappa was a Brahmachari, only small girls and old women are allowed inside the temple.
Legend has it that, Sabarimala temple was built by Saint Parasurama (the warrior - sage who reclaimed Kerala by throwing his axe to the Arabian sea.) The saint has created five Shastha temples (Pancha Shastha temples) and Sabarimala is one among them. The others are
1) Kulathuppuzha ( where Ayyappa is depicted as an infant boy)
2) Aryankavu ( his adolescent age)
3) Achankovil (Grihasthashrami as husband of Poorna and Pushkala)
In Sabarimala, Ayyappa is depicted as a Brahmachari ( bachelor) in Samadhi state holding "Chinmudra".
Story of Lord Ayyappa
Lord Vishnu killed the dangerous Bhrahmasura by taking the form of a beautiful damsel, "Mohini". After hearing the story of death of Bhrahmasura from Devas, Lord Shiva was interested in seeing the Mohini Rupa of Vishnu and thus Vishnu became Mohini once again. Shiva was mesmerized and couldn't be resisted by the beauty of Mohini. Lord Ayyappa was born through the hand of Mohini. Actual name of the kid was Kayyappan (Kai in Malayalam means hand and appan means father). This name was transformed to Ayyappa in years. As Gods cannot have human sons, they decided to leave the child in a forest in Panthalam (a place in Kerala). They also tied a mani (bell) on the neck of this baby.
The king of Panthalam, who were in deep sorrow, for having no kids got this child and was happily brought up by the king and the queen in his palace. They called the child as Manikantan (baby with mani on his neck). All their life went smooth untill the queen was blessed with another baby. The thought and fear of the crown going to Ayyappa created jealous in her and she some how wanted to get rid of him. Thus the Queen decided to act as if she is been affected by severe head ache and insisted his Vaidyan (doctor) that this illness will be relieved only after applying the milk of Tigress on her forehead. The queen asked Ayyappa to go to the forest and bring the medicine for her. Panthalam king was against this as Ayyappa was only a kid, but the child decided to go to the forest for her mother.
At that time, the forest was controlled by the most dangerous devil Mahishi, the sister of Mahishasura ( she was a Brahmin lady (Leela) who was cursed by her husband, Madhavan after a hot argument) . As per the boons obtained by Mahishi from Lord Brahma, she could be killed only by the son of Lord Shiva and Vishnu. As this is not possible, she sowed the seeds of destruction in the whole area. She became the night mare of the sages and saints in those forests.
Based on the requests from these sages, Lord Ayyappa killed Mahishi during his forest visit. Mahishi got Salvation (Moksha). She wanted to marry Ayyappa. Ayyappa defended her proposal as he was a Brahmachari. With her constant insisting, Ayyappa declared that in any year after his nirvana, if there is not even a single Kanni Ayyappa (First time visitor to Sabarimala), that year he will be marrying her. All the first visitors to Sannidhanam is required to post an arrow in "Saram kuthi",a place in Sabarimala. Not even a single year has been passed by with out an arrow hitherto and she is still waiting for the moment.
After Mahishi Mardhana, Ayyappa requested a tigress to give milk to him. The whole tiger family decided to follow him for his help. The whole Panthalam Praja (the residents) were astonished and feared by seeing the procession of tigers and Ayyappa sitting on the top of a tiger. The queen was haunted with conscience for her mischievous behavior. She apologized with Ayyappa for her rude act and she wanted him to be the next king of Panthalam. Ayyappa courteously rejected her proposal and informed her of his interest of being a Brahmachari. He shooted an arrow from his bow and said that I will be residing in the place where this arrow reaches. The arrow struck on the top of a mountain which is the current Sabarimala.
Features of Sabarimala are as follows:
1)The temple is administered by Thiruvithancore Devaswam Board (TDB), which is a government owned body.
2)The most famous festival here is "Makara Vilakku" which occurs on the January month of every year. Millions of people from all over the world flows here on this day just to see the Punya Vigraha and Makar Jyothi ( star appears thrice through the jungle on a far mountain) and sanctify themselves.
3)The most famous philosophical words are given at the temple as its message : " Aham Bhrahmasmi" (meaning I am the God) and "Tat Tvam Asi" ( that is You).
4)Those who visit the temple for the first time are called "Kanni Ayyappa". He is required to take 45 days rigorous fasting and Vratha before the visit. He is supposed to take bath in river at 4 in the morning, no non-veg foods, serene thoughts etc. He himself will be a part of Ayyappa once wear the Ayyappa Mala (Chain).
5)The prasadam available here are Neyyu (Ghee), Aravana Payasam (Kheer) and Appam
It is believed that Sabarimala receives the largest annual collection people on a single day (Makarasankranti), Mecca during Haj being a close second.
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