Immune Thrombocytopenic Purpura (ITP) and its treatment

The serious problem of bleeding so much mentally torments the patients that make their life hellish. Immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) is one such disease. This article familiarises you with this disease, about its , dangers and s.

Immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) is a clinical syndrome. In it, a diminished number of circulating platelets (thrombocytopenia) surfaces up as a bleeding tendency, laceration, or wounds in which blood from capillaries oozes out on to the skin.

Form of the ITP disease

ITP is a disease relating to the disorder of the disease resistant system in which the antibodies produced in the body attack the platelets. This goes without saying that the platelets found in blood resists the bleeding whereas the disease resisting system safeguards the body against the attacks from the external bacteria and virus. Spleen and bone marrow together with form the body's immune system. When a bacteria attacks the body, these two organs makes the formation of anti bodies. These anti bodies destruct the bacteria. In the ITP condition, antibodies in place of acting against the external bacteria work against the internal cells of our body. This is one surprising tendency present inside the human body.

Common symptoms of ITP

Blue scars fall on the body of the ITP affected person. This is the common symptom of this disease. Patient's Peripheral blood smear suffering from immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) indicates a decreased number of platelets together with a normal neutrophil, and erythrocytes. It is diagnosed after excluding other diseases but the absence of other findings from the peripheral smear is important. Therefore, excluding other causes of ITP of the myelophthisic marrow infiltration and leukemia etc is essential for establishing a diagnosis of immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP).

ITP is a diagnosis of exclusion. No any single laboratory result can establish the diagnosis of ITP.


Persons suffering from ITP have the danger of the sudden bleeding. Wound can fester in such patients. Bleeding can start nose and gum. It can cause excess bleeding during the menstruation cycle of the women. Sometime, bleeding can begin in brain also.

Diagnosing ITP

ITP is detected from the blood and the bone marrow tests. The platelets count found in a healthy person could be 1.5-400000 but this count in a patient suffering from the ITP disease could be less than this. The condition of platelets count below 20000 is deadly.


Steroids play a great role in the treatment of ITP. Platelets are administered during the course of this disease. The haematologist or doctor must be consulted immediately after the emergence of its symptoms

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