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What is dandruff?Dandruff is a common condition of the skin on head / scalp. It generally causes the appearance of white flakes on the scalp. The faster renewal of cells become pushes the older dead cells out. This makes the dandruff more noticeable. These are the dry, white flakes of the skin that are constantly found on the scalp. Dandruff is not a health problem yet it concerns you when you suffer from severe dandruff.
Signs and symptoms of dandruffSeborrheic dermatitis of the scalp is the main reason for the formation of white flakes on the scalp. When the condition is severe, these white flakes are shed on the shoulders and collar region. The scalp also at times turns sore, red, itchy and irritated.
When you have such a condition, you need to go for treatment for your dandruff. This will help in controlling / getting rid of the problem. In case your dandruff problem is not severe, you need not visit a dermatologist / trichologist but you can go for home remedies for treating / controlling your dandruff.
What are the causes of dandruffSome of these are:
- Fungal infection:
Fungal infection of the scalp is the most common known reason for dandruff. At times these fungi out number in their growth and cause excessive shedding of the dead skin cells in the form of dandruff. When the head / scalp is exposed to extreme weather conditions, it causes dandruff on the head.
- Improper brushing of hair:
Improper brushing / combing of hair causes dandruff problem. While brushing your hair, the dead skin cells shed off and are removed from the scalp. Improper combing results in the accumulation of these dead cells and results in dandruff problem
- Irritated and oily skin:
People with oily skin are easily prone to dandruff.
- Certain skin conditions:
Certain skin conditions psoriasis, eczema and other skin allergies or disorders sometimes result in the formation of dandruff. People with such skin conditions are easily prone to dandruff.
- Health problems:
Health conditions / problems like neurological illnesses, seborrheic dermatitis / irritated skin and other skin allergies, weak immune system, post surgery and various such health problems tend to form dandruff on the scalp.
- Improper diet:
Diet plays a vital role in the overall healthy condition of the body. Intake of a diet that is deficient in essential minerals like zinc, B vitamins and few types of fats leads to dandruff formation.
- Other causes:
There are other factors like tension, stressful life, environmental pollution, use of strong shampoos and general exhaustion of the body result in dandruff formation.
Treatment for dandruff
- Use of medicated shampoos:
There are medicated shampoos available in the medical stores. After consulting your doctor / dermatologist use prescribed medicated shampoos in case of severe problem.
Natural ways to control dandruff
- Regular brushing of the scalp:
Spend extra time for brushing your hair. Use hair brush with round endings at the teeth. This helps in massaging the scalp and rich blood supply to the hair roots. Brush properly to remove the dead cells and keep the scalp / hair clean. Cleanliness of hair helps in controlling dandruff.
- Massage the scalp:
Regular massage of the scalp with finger tips is effective in controlling dandruff. It also helps in controlling hair fall. Half-an-hour before hair wash, massage your scalp by moving your finger tips in circles. Massage with warm pure coconut oil is effective in controlling dandruff and hair fall.
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- Expose the scalp to the morning Sun:
After an oil massage or ordinary massage, expose your scalp head to the morning Sun (between 7:00 to !:30) for 10-15 minutes. Do not expose too much to Sun in extreme summer / severe hot weather.
- Regular hair wash:
Maintain the hygiene of your hair / scalp. Wash the hair regularly / twice a way for effective control of dandruff. Neat and clean hair reduces the formation / accumulation of white flakes on the scalp.
- Avoid exposing to extreme weather conditions:
Sometimes exposure to extreme weather conditions may trigger the problem.
- Avoid the use of commercial shampoos:
Commercially available anti-dandruff shampoos might give a temporary relief from the problem but in the long term these are not good.
Home remedies for controlling dandruffThere are several effective home remedies for a healthy hair:
- Apply the paste made of soaked fenugreek seed. This is one of the most effective home remedies for dandruff. Rinse your hair with warm water after 30 minutes with soap nut powder (rita powder) or shikai powder.
- Applying sour curd without cream is an effective home remedy for dandruff. Rinse your hair with herbal shampoo after 30 minutes.
- Have a hair with the paste made of green gram powder. Mix cream less curd in flour green gram flour (moong daal ka powder) and make a paste of it. Wash hair with this paste at least twice a week to get rid of dandruff.
- Apply the paste of fresh neem leaves / neem powder:
Use of neem leaves paste is effective in controlling dandruff and other skin problems. Neem leaves paste acts as an ant-infectant and helps in removing the excess fungus from the scalp. After 20-30 minutes rinse your hair with tap water.
- Rinse with vinegar:
Rinse the hair with cider vinegar after a hair wash. This is effective in controlling hair dandruff. Add a teaspoon full of vinegar to the water and rinse it at the final stage of rinsing as this helps in dispersing the dandruff from the scalp.
- Healthy diet:
Healthy and balanced diet plays a key role in the overall healthy condition of the body. Increase the intake of fresh and juicy seasonal fruits, leafy vegetables that are rich in various vitamins and minerals.
In case of severe dandruff problem, immediately consult a doctor / dermatologist to get rid of the problem instead of following the home remedies.
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