What Are The Pros And Cons Of Privatization Of Education In India?

In this resource, I have discussed about why our Government in recent times is thinking more about privatization of education. I also discussed in this resource the positive as well as negative sides of this issue and what are the possible solutions before us to deal with this issue.


India is one of the most populated country of the world where much of the population are very poor. One of the important task of any Government is to provide education to all and improve the literacy rate of the country to march a head in the development of the country. Till now our education system is mainly oriented on Government based public system. Public education system primarily concentrate on giving education to large masses rather than giving importance to providing quality education. Due to this, the quality of education in our primary, secondary and colleges fallen below the standards which gave scope for the private organizations to dominate over public education system at present. The situation has reached a stage where Government authorities are also believing that it is good for the Government to privatize education to reduce the burden in running the Government public education institutions at all levels. Now the question is, if such a thing happens, is it possible to implement Right to Education act provision which envisages right to free education to all which was passed in the Parliament in the year 2009.

What is the need of privatization of education in India?

In the past our Government institutions are the basis for education in India. These institutions worked very well in the past because of very honest people used to work in those times with great dedication. But as time passed Government educational institution became lethargic because of inefficient functioning of our Governments, lack of proper grip of Government on the management of these institutions. More than this the teachers who are working in these institutions are not much bothered about their duties because they are having job security. These reasons made worsening of standards in these institutions and this gave a lee way for the origin of private institutions. The running of private institutions mainly depend upon the quality education they provide and the result they show out of their efforts. The managements of these institutes have to put their heart and souls in order to such goals. For this the private institutions have to stick on to their tasks and put a lot of hard work when compared to their Government counterpart institutions. In this way the disciplined and efficient way of functioning of these institutions attracted public. At first rich people got attracted to these institutions and slowly the middle class as well as ordinary people also trying their best to join their wards in these institutions because of the quality education they are providing. Government is spend lot of money on their educational institutions on infrastructure, facilities, salaries for the employees who are working in these institutes without any positive encouragement make them talk about privatization of educational institutes which saves a lot of money in their annual budgets.

What are the pros of privatization?

1. It provides quality education to our children because of the disciplined and efficient functioning of these institutes.

2. The institutes always look for up gradation of the technologies that what they use in their institutes so that they are always up to date to the present times.

3. Public may feel happy because the time and money they spend on their wards may not get wasted in any way.

What are the cons of Privatization

1. Because of complete privatization rich, middle class and poor people have to depend on these private institutes for the education of their wards. This definitely affects the education system in India and many people cannot even complete their primary education as cost of the education in private institutions is not feasible for the poor or even for ordinary people. There will be a drop in percentage of education in higher, Degree and PG level of education.

2. Private institutions turn education institutions into private business firms and this makes the value of education go down.

3. At present the literacy rate in India is 70% and if complete privatization of education happens it reverts back to the old situation leading to the problem of illiteracy.

4. Privatization makes education costlier even for rich people.

What are the alternatives for the Government regarding privatization of education?

1. Government has to follow present semi- privatization system so that government as well as Private institutions run simultaneously. Those people who afford to study in private institutions they can study and they can get the quality education. Government institutions aid in providing education to poor and it helps in improving the literacy rate which is so important for the development of a country.

2. If Government is serious about the strict and disciplined management of the educational institutions, once again public get attracted to these institutions and they become popular. If Government give value to the certificates got from Government institutions public start join in Government institutions only. This change will help the child to get education at a very low cost.

3. If Government step towards complete privatization of education, it has to take several stringent measures to provide free education to poor and disadvantaged people of the society. In case, if complete privatization occur, Government has no need to spend any money on infrastructure, salaries for the staff, maintenance of schools etc. This money they can spend on for assisting private organisations in building their infrastructures and in maintenance of the institutes, providing education to all poor people by way of paying money through efficient money transfer system. This system will enable even the poor people of the society also to get quality education. This alternative approach will help the Government to provide quality education to all without spending anything from their pocket.


In one way privatization leads to improvement of quality education in our education system but on other hand it deprives free education to all now as it is envisaged in our constitution. Improvement of Government institutions in the present situation appears to be bleak. The better option appears to be aiding private organizations by providing infrastructure facilities, basic amenities etc. by the Government which makes our education system work efficiently. But to provide quality education to the poor also, Government has to adopt an efficient money transfer system as fees for the poor child to study private institutes.

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