Blood pressure or hypertension is the most dangerous disease now a days. Our heart pumps the blood in our body. When blood flows in arteries, it exert some pressure on the wall of artery. This is known as blood pressure. There are two types of blood pressure, Systolic pressure and diastolic pressure. When ventricle constrict, then blood flows in greater pressure and it is knows as systolic pressure but when ventricle expanse then it is knows as diastolic pressure. The normal value of blood pressure is 120/80 mmHg. The normal systolic pressure is 120 mmHg and diastolic pressure is 80 mmHg.
There are different stages of high blood pressure as follows:
Symptoms of High blood pressure
There is no proper symptoms of high blood pressure hence it is knows as the silent killer . Some symptoms which may arise are head ache, body ache, dizziness, blurred vision, nausea and vomiting, chest pain etc. So some other disease may cause these all symptoms.
Reasons of High blood pressure
There are many factors which are responsible for high blood pressure. The following type of people are at the risk to have high bllod pressure.
Effects of high blood pressure
The high blood pressure is known as silent killer since its effects don't appear in intially stage. High blood pressure suddenly affects the different body parts. Some body parts which may be affected by high blood pressure are:
Heart : Heart is the main part of our body and due to high blood pressure there is a risk of heart failure and heart block. Heart pumps the blood in our body and in high blood pressure heart has to do more work and adversely affected.
Retina : Retina is the third and innermost layer of our eye. Due to high blood pressure there is a risk of retina degeneration. Retina degeneration leads to blindness for whole life.
Kidney: Kidney purify our blood and perform excretion in our body. Kidney forms urine and remove poisinous substances from our body. High blood pressure leads to kidney failure.
Brain Brain may be affected by high blood pressure. Due to high blood pressure there is a risk of stroke.
How to control High blood pressure?
High blood pressure must be controlled. Some important tips to control high blood pressure are:
High blood pressure is now a common problem and it should be cured. It is not difficult to overcome this problem but most important thing is people are not aware and it is hard to find whether a person has high blood pressure or not. So if you don't have blood pressure and you have a chance to get it please go for routine checkup every month.