Overview of new Joint Entrance exams for engineering students in India
For many years, the abbreviated words 'IIT-JEE' had become synonymous with admissions to the various undergraduate engineering programs to the Indian Institutes of Technology (IIT) in India.
From next year, the 'IIT' prefix will no longer be applicable as there will be only the suffix 'JEE', thanks to an announcement by HRD Minister Shri Kapil Sibal. He has announced that from 2013 there will "one nation, one test". This means that there will be a merger of JEE and AIEEE (All-India Engineering Entrance Examination). Instead of these, from next year there will be two new joint entrance exams: JEE-Main and JEE-Advanced.
New JEE exams evaluation procedure for engineering admissions in India
Basically there will be a 3-step process to get admissions to IITs in India:
1. JEE-Main exam:
The JEE-Main examination will be the basis of determining which candidates will get admissions after noting their performance in the Class XII Board exam. This means that the cumulative marks of both, the Class XII exam & the JEE-Main exam, will be taken into account. As for the types of questions in the JEE-Main exam will be in the format of multiple-choice questions.
2. JEE-Advanced exam:
The candidates whose scores are in the top 50,000 in the JEE-Main exam will then have to appear for the JEE-Advanced exam. The Joint Admission Board (JAB) of the IITs will set the questions for this exam paper and also do the evaluation & preparation of the AIR list (point 3 below).
3. Final All-India-rank (AIR) list: The marks scored in the JEE-Advanced exam will determine the candidate's rank in the AIR list.
Features of new JEE exam for engineering admissions in India
(i) National Institutes of Technology (NIT),
(ii) Indian Institutes of Science Education and Research (IISER) and
(iii) other engineering colleges which are funded by the Central Govt.
In short, what this means is that from 2013 there won't be any separate examination for admissions to non-IIT institutes.
Implications of new JEE exams
In the light of the new JEE exams, all engineering institutes will need to change their academic plans to adjust to the new format. What's more, students can no longer take the Std.XII Board exams lightly! They will need to give it a lot of importance. Of course, coaching classes will benefit the most since they now will start & charge more for separate training programs for each of the exams, the Main and the Advanced.
Every new rule has its benefits and disadvantages. Will this new JEE exam level the playing field? Or will it create more chaos and uncertain futures for thousands of aspiring engineers in India?
Let's wait for the first of the new JEE exams and see what happens....