Auxiliary verbs are known as helping verbs. These verbs will help mostly the main verbs in the sentences and in general usage. Auxiliary verbs are two kinds 1) Primary Auxiliary verbs 2) Modal Auxiliary verbs.
1) Primary Auxiliary verbs
be, am, is, are, was, were, been being (Be-form verbs). Do, does, did, done, doing. Have, has, and had.
Verbs in present tense
be, am, is. are, do, does, have, has.
Verbs in past tense
was, were, did, had.
First person singular I, plural we.
Second person singular You (thou), plural You.
Third persons singulars He, She, It. Plural They.
Note: when third person singular comes as a subject of sentence in simple present tense the main verb.3) He does his work. Here do ads with es.
2) Modal Auxiliaries
will, shall, can, may, would, should, might, must. dare to, ought to, used to, need to.
Verbs in present tense
will, shall, can, may.
verbs in past tense
would, should, could might, used to.
Primary auxiliary verbs
Am, is, are, was, were, been, being are the different forms of the Be. These Be-form verbs will be used in the sentence of
1) I am created by God.
2) The snake is killed.
3)The are beaten with sticks.
4) The soldier was killed in war.
5) The thieves were caught in red handed.
6) She has been loved.
7) You are being cautioned.
Use in the continuous tense
1) I am playing.
2) She was studying.
3) He will be coming soon.
4) What they have been doing all this time?
To express duty or necessity
1) He is to send this report now itself.
2) They are to be married.
3)The was to say that his name would be deleted from the list.
Uses of "have, has, had"
These would refer perfect tenses' in three tenses.
1) I have done my duty.
2) She has written the exam well.
3) He had finished his work.
Uses of "do, does, did"
in the negative sentences.
1) I do not like this type of work.
2) He does not know the fact.
3) The did not attend the office.
And also used in question tags.
1) They live in Hyderabad. Don't they?
2) He likes this article. Doesn't he?
3) You finished your homework. Didn't you?
These will be used widely to express in emphasis statements too.
1) Do keep quiet!
2) She does look cheerful.
3) He did write to say congratulations.
Uses of Modal Auxiliaries
The Auxiliaries 'will & shall are the verbs indicating the future sense. Shall is used after the first person (I, we) and will is used after the second and third persons (you, he, she, it, the)
To express the general future action.
1) I shall finish my work quickly.
2) We shall not go there.
3) You will do this work.
4) He will take care of himself.
5) She will not able to come in the night.
6) It will be an occasional act.
7) The will not be ready to go.
Note: If it was reversed, it would be meant as determination or deep intention of oneself like the will after first person and the shall after second and third persons.
To express Interrogative sentences
I) Shall I have reply soon?
2) Shall we attend the meeting next Monday?
3) Will you come tomorrow meeting?
4) Will she accept my proposal?
Would & Should are past tense of' Will and shall.' Would is to express in the sense of politeness.
1) Would You mind giving me a glass of water.
2) Would you tell me the time.
In case of conditional statements
1) If he worked hard, he would pass.
2) She would have been selected, If she had faced interview well.
In case of past events
1) He told me that he would come.
2) I know that he would not get success.
"Should" is expressed in the case of past events.
1) She expected that she should pass.
2) He insisted that his papers should be revalued.
In case of suggestion,
1) You should stop smoking.
2) They should play regularly.
In the case of obligation and moral duty,
1) You should give respect to elders.
2) You should obey the laws.
In case supposition,
1) If it should rain , they will not come.
2) If I were you ,I should go.
can / could 'can' will be used with the meaning 'be able to, be capable of, know how to.
1) I can speak Sanskrit very well.
2) He can drive a car.
3) She can solve the sum.
"Could" expresses the past actions of 'can'.
1) I could drive a car at the age of twelve.
2) He could speak English, when he was seven.
In the case of 'conditional sentence'.
1) If I had the money, I could buy a new car.
To expresses permission and polite request,
1) Could I use your telephone?
2) Could you lend me your car for a day?
may/might (present tense/past tense): 'may' expresses the permission for taking or giving.
1) May I come in sir?
2) May I leave now?
'May' also denotes possibility of fact.
1) Light is dim. The match may be cancelled.
2) The sky is overcast with clouds. It may rain.
It reveals the purpose in subordinate clause.
1) We eat that we may live.
2) They walk fast that they may reach in time.
'Might' refers the past actions of' may' and denote the more politeness than may.
1) Might I have a word with you?
2) Might I make a suggestion?
3) There is a little chance of success, but you might try again.
In the case of doubtful possibility, Ex:
1) She has not promised, but she might come.
2) He might have applied for the job.
Must / Need / Dare / Ought to / Used to
Must will be used to expresses "Obligation, duty, necessity, certainty."
1) You must devote some time to social service.
2) It is getting dark. I must leave for home.
3) We must hurry. We are very late.
4) Ramesh must have passed. He had been working hard.
Needis to use for writing questions and negative sentences.
1) Need I go there?
2) I need not go.
3) He need not have taken all that trouble.
Dareis to expresses question/negative sentences.
1) How dare you speak to me like that?
2) Nobody dared to lift their eyes from the ground.
Ought to indicates social obligations.
1) You ought to help the poor.
2) Society ought to look after them Handicapped.
3) You ought to have prepared well for the examination.
4) We ought to have looked after our old parents.
Used toexpresses the past habit.
1) I used to smoke a year ago.
2) She used to bike in her school days.
3) They used to play cricket in their college days.
Note: There is no present tense form to "used to"
|Author: Ashok kumar Bag 20 Sep 2012||Member Level: Silver Points : 0|
|What a nice article is it ! Thank you very much for writting such article . Such type of article is very help to those are learning as beginners . |
Thanks a lots
|Author: Tulika Devi Nath 20 Sep 2012||Member Level: Gold Points : 0|
|It is a very good article which can help students to improve their grammar. Thanks for posting this valuable article in resource section. Keep it up.|