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Economic development of India: Is the growth story over?
This article treats the ongoing growth and developments obtaining in the country to be inadequate without the contribution of the governmental machinery. The modern India is treading on the paths of Gurgaon. The development of nation puts us in a quandary. People are questioning this that what for do they need a government corrupt politicians and bureaucracy? This article points out this development is not permanent which is bound to vanish in thin air if not sooner than later.
When two Indians sit together to sip tea, their talks veer around on this absurd issue as to how the Indian growth is making such a rapid strides despite all those big ticket scams? Individual progress and public failure reminds us of this saying that the nations progresses at that hour in the night when the government sleeps tight. No doubt prosperity in India is expanding and is spreading even when the government machinery in the public life is a total failure. Under the scenario the question arises as to how a nation can become as world’s emerging 2nd economic power in such a faster pace despite being there a government so ineffective, weak, and unsuccessful type? The question is also natural to arise why shouldn’t the government progress on similar lines during the day time round too (with good governance)? The recent economic slump by is indicative of the fall out of the progress made during the night time and the limitations of the progress must have been felt by now of progressing only during the time round. Now the aim should be to effect reforms in the government institutions to make a strong Bharat so that India could emerge as a strong and liberal nation.
In complete saga of two cities near Delhi
Just look at the incomplete saga of two cities around Delhi. These cities are Gurgaon and Faridabad. There was an assemblage of fertile agriculture, a straight railway line to Delhi, an active administration and plethora of industries during the decades of 70-80. Just opposite to this, Gurgaon then was a sleepy village where the lands were rocky and agriculture pitiable. Neither was there any local body nor was there a railway link. Question of industries did not arise at all. Compared to Faridabad to sum up, the condition of Gurgaon was that of a non- descript and nameless city. 30 years after, Gurgaon became an emblem of emerging India. Numerous high rises surfaced up from ground kissing skies. There sprang up 28 malls, 7 golf courses, show rooms of world’s extremely gamed brands and many things more which is difficult to count now.
The splendour Gurgaon reflects in its residential projects too. How was all this made possible? The very weakness Gurgaon turned up as its greatest strength. There was no any municipal corporation here which goes on to prove that the state government had totally neglected it. This meant less of red tape and lesser of bureaucracy obstructing the growth and development of the area. Gurgaon shined up due to its self dependent citizens. The citizens here didn’t wait for government initiatives for development. They dug up bore wells for getting water, installed generators for electricity supply, used the courier services in place of post offices, some buildings put their own sewerage treatment plants in place, and engaged private security services in place of using the Police.
Modern India treading on lines of Gurgaon
The modern Bharat is very much on the lines of Gurgaon. The development of nation surprises people. When people see the rapid strides being made in the areas of IT sector and prospects of spreading prosperity discernible all round despite the failures of the government machinery, people begin raising this question that what for after all do we need the corrupt politicians and insensitive bureaucracy? The progress of the likes of Gurgaon without government is a bold happening. But this is not prudential and lasting. Gurgaon will look better with a drainage system of a higher order, a credible water and electricity supply system, parks, roads and an excellent public transport system. Both Faridabad and Gurgaon are going to place a wrong example of administration for india in future.
India needs a strong constitution friendly state
What India needs is a constitution friendly strong state. Red tapes and corruption is the bane of Faridabad model while the problem of Gurgaon is a free market where the basic modern civic amenities are scarce and inadequate. Had the state functioned full honesty here, Gurgaon would’ve been much more prosperous than what it is today.
Why a road takes 8 year in India to build where as it’s built in a mere 3 years in other countries? Why do we get justice in 10 years which should take only 2 years? This is so because there are flaws at the decision making levels, contradictions rules supreme in Parliament, and the judiciary keeps on issuing directives to the executive more often than not. Economic progress is necessary for uplifting poor. But mere this isn’t enough. We do need also honest police officials, better schools, active administrators and better equipped hospitals. In totality, we need an effective state.
What are the hallmarks of a successful system?
The policy of progress by night is not longer lasting. The system needs a thorough overhauling. Three factors are important for any successful democratic system.
- A strong administration,
- Transparent rules and laws, and
- Accountability to the people.
This is not that easy to implement together in one go but we have forgotten the states were created for implementation purposes.
Not mere public promises but hard labour in politics- need of this hour
The Andolan of Anna Hazare has proved that though the crowd has made people aware, but they are still far off behind the goal. In stead of making hollow promises in crowds, the need is to do hard labour from within inside of politics. Patient and dedicated efforts are needed to be exerted for our administration, judiciary, police, and parliamentarian reforms.
How these reforms would be implemented and who would do this? If good luck would have it, a leader will come forward as the messiah of reforms and destroyer of corruption. The leadership of Indira Gandhi was forceful and strong but they were destructors of the constitutional institutions in the country. Although no any guarantee can be taken for a nice leader in a democracy but at least reformatory demands could be well made. Now these demands are not being meted by the state system, hence the answer to this question is also hidden in the freshly awakened middle class of the country. Now this class is 1/3rd of the country’s populace. This population will reach the mark of 50 % by 2022. Anna’s Andolan has shown also that this class is not going to tolerate now the system built up by the corrupt powerful elites of the country. Politics will have to be changed too. Replace of the corrupt bureaucracy is no easy task. But the scenario of Bharat is not yet like the situations resembling Hastinapur of beleaguered period of Mahabharat. The situations then prevailing was similar to what is now pervasive all around now. Exactly the same corrupt tantras had gripped over Hastinaput during those periods as well which had culminated in Kurushetra at the end of it all.
Wrap: Even to this day, the same old restlessness of Kurushetra is discernible even to this day to fix the accountability towards the people. Though there is no need to holding andolan in every nook and street for this but to reform the system itself.
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