Recently, the PM, Manmohan Singh has broached the agenda of the 12th five year plan (2012-17) open. This plan is by far more than the documents what the government circulates after every 5 years. This presents a sketch of the government’s plans in respect of aam aadami. The 12th plan aims at an ambitious goal of growth. According to the plan, the average growth rate is expected to be at 8.2 % during the forthcoming 5 years.
The 12th five year plan- much more than mere the growth rate
But the 12th five year plan plan is something more in excess than the mere growth rate. This is inclusive i.e. it has been ensured into it that the benefits of growth reaches to the poor and the deprived- particularly the women, SC/ST, and other backward groups are intended to reap the benefits from this plan. Besides, a lasting growth has been put greater emphasis upon. It has bee ensured that no harm is caused to the environment during the course of growth.
Why the economic growth so indispensable?
Somebody’s question is why the aim of the economic growth is so important? Why the goal of 8.2 % average growth is considered to be so relevant for the general mass in the 12th five year plan?
This arithmetic could be understood this way. Suppose the earning of a person is 1000 rupees per month today then it would increase by 1, 480 rupees with the growth rate of 8.2 % within the period of 5 years and 2,200 rupees by the end of 10 years. Not only this, crores of people can get employment on the basis of economic growth.
In the 12th five year plan, it’s aimed aim at giving employments to 5 crores of people. It’s from the economic growth of the nation that as much of income is generated to the government so as it could run social welfare programs –particularly for the poor and the deprived. It was due to the higher growth rate after 2004 that the UPA government could have succeeded in running the social welfare measures of the likes of MANREGA, National Agricultural Development program, National Health Insurance Scheme, etc. Besides, expenditure was doubled in the Prime Minister Road Project and Education for All movement owing to this rate of growth achieved then.
Need of paying attention to 5 important factors in 12th five year plan
Attention is required to be given on 5 moot factors during the 12th five year plan.
- Firstly, Commitment to making available the resources to states as much as is possible. According to the plan, Rural Development Flexi Fund (RDF) would be created. In its coffers, initially 40000 crores of rupees is to be allocated. The central government will directly provide the states the share for fulfilling the needs and priorities of the stats. As for example, Bihar can express it willingness to spend more on its rural road construction work, whereas, Rajasthan can give its wishes o rural water supply scheme. This fund will provide money to both the states to be spent on the projects of their choice.
- Secondly, the chief thrust of this plan would be on mutually related health, nutrition, water supply, cleanliness program etc. The PM has already branded nutrition as the national shame. The government is going to spend much more on these priorities. The area of National Health Scheme is going to be broadened in the plan to make available the health facilities to the entire Indians. Much emphasis would be laid upon the prevention measures and primary health care (PHC).
The plan aims at reducing the children mal nutrition rate by ½ from what it is at the present moment. Besides, much stress has been laid on ‘Nirmal Bharat Project’. Under the scheme of things of this scheme, a longer lasting cleanliness would be done with the people’s participation and at least ½ of the Indian rural areas would be made ‘Nirmal Gram’ where people shit out I the open.
- Third specialty of the plan is to firmly deal with corruption so widely rampant in India. For this, a complete transparent system has been ensured in the allocation of resources. Under the plan, competitive tenders would be invited for the schemes to be implemented for allotment of resources purposes, , bringing in legislations for public buying, and for redresses of citizen’s grievances, systems are intended to be developed.
- Fourthly, the specialty of the plan is a firmer resolve for strengthening up the Rajiv Gandhi Panchayat empowerment of the Panchayati Raj Institutions. Ten times more provisioning has been made under the plan for the budget allocations to Panchyats. This is never before increase. This would lend off strength to our gram panchayats and gram sabhas. Such a mechanism would be developed into this that would augment the process of participation of as more of peoples as would be possible so that the benefits could reach unto the ‘Aam Aadami’. Additional fund to the states would be allocated so as to make their panchayati raj institutions more strong.
- The plan’s 5th specialty is that, it’d the first time round that the environmental safety has been taken care of. A clear cut goal has been fixed in the plan so that we don’t do verbal performance but the real ones to achieve the targets laid down in a well defined manner under the schemes of things of this plan. As for instance the carbon discharge would be brought down to the base year of 2005 by 20-25 % at the end of 2020. This is a credible war resolution against environmental changes happening so drastically increasing its tentacles every advancing years round. Similarly, forest wealth conservation has also bee taken care of.
Apart from everything above, we have to go still miles ahead. We have yet to do many things more- excessive of inclusion with enough of permanence with greater transparency for the benefits of the ‘Aam Aadami’
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