Traditional dress of five distinctive communities of Assam


This article contains a brief description about the traditional dresses of five distinguished communities of Assam. I have tried to present some exquisite traditional dresses of the inhabitant of Assam like Assamese, Bodo, Rabha, Mising and karbi. I hope readers will get a glimpse of rich traditional culture of Assam through this write-up.

Every region in India has its own unique traditional dresses. These elegant traditional dresses exhibit the culture and traditions of various communities of that particular region. These cultures and traditions give a distinctive recognition as well as reputation of those places. Traditional dresses are heritage passed down from one generation to another and these are well preserved by people of the respective regions. In this article I have highlighted about the traditional dresses of women living in Assam where nearly seventeen distinctive tribes co-exist peacefully. In this article I focus mainly on the traditional dress of the womenfolk of tribes people like Bodo, Karbi, Rabha, Mising whose have bright and vibrant traditional clothing of their own. The outlook of the traditional dresses can give a credulous look of the Assamese women. These modish attires exhibit wonderful cultures and traditions of these people of Assam.

Traditional dress of Assamese people


Assam is well known for its splendid traditional dress of women which is popularly known as the Mekhela chador. Mekhela chador consists two pieces of clothes. One is called a Mekhela which resembles with a very long skirt which covers the feet fully while chador is wrapped on the upper part of body. chador is a long piece of cloth which resembles a saree of Bengal. But it is shorter than the saree. A matching blouse is being an adjunct to mekhela chador. Assamese skilled weavers craft beautiful designs on traditional garments such as the Mekhela chador and Riha. Borders of these dresses are awe-inspiring and eye-catching. Likewise chador Assamese women wear other upper garment by wrapping the body like saree is called “Riha”. Usually Riha is worn on the occasion of marriages or any other social function. Assam is famous for its indigenous product of silk including eri, pat and muga. Mekhela chador made out of Muga gives it a golden silk attire which is very popular famous clothing of Assam. This traditional dress is so unique and lively that these causes wonder to others as well this dress gives an aesthetic look of the women. Other beautiful attire is pat mekhela chador which has been able to gain popularity and gives an identity of Assam to Asian fashion worldwide.

Traditional dress of the Bodo tribe


People from Bodo community wear cloth of indigenous product as the thread of Eri and Muga. These traditional dresses convey the culture and tradition of this tribe from one generation to next generation They Bodo womenfolk wear some colorful hand woven attire which is popularly known as Dokhna. It is used for covering the whole body from chest down to the ankle. Dokhna is colorful dress made of different types of agoror phul. Bodo women use different types of Dokhnas. There are some Dokhna without agor that is called Salamatha or math. The dresses of Bodo women are a distinguishable feature of Bodo culture. A man can identify a Bodo womanfolk seeing the dresses of her. Bodo woman wears her Dokhna covering the body from the chest down to the ankle. Its length and breadth is made in such a way that it can be tied one round at a time in the waist. Dokhna or Dokhona is made of varied colours and Agor or ( Phul in Assamese). The Dokhna without Agor or Phul is called Salamatha or Matha. Bodo woman wears another garment is called Jumgra (Scarf) and use to wrap the upper portion of the body.

Taditional dress of Rabha tribe


The traditional dress of Rabha community is quite attractive. This dress enlivens the beauty of women to a wide extent. Rabha women wave quite exquisite and elegant attire is called koum kontong that is wrapped around their waists like a skirt. A Rabha woman adorns herself with a kambang that covers the upper part of the body. They wear another distinguished thing that is a delicate belt made of several, small conch shells or pearl balls around their abdomen that is known as labok.

Traditional dress of mising tribe


The superb handloom culture of Mising community is able to occupy a distinguished place in Assamese culture and tradition. Mising women are expert in weaving exquisite traditional clothes. Mising womenfolk use to wear different types of superb handloom clothes like Sampa, Galuk, Ribi Gaseng, kebbung, Yakne, Age-Gasar(BlackMekhela Sadar), Gero, níseg, (a cloth tied over the shoulder for carrying babies) ege (skirt-like garments) etc. Sampa is worn by mishing ladies wrapping around the waist. Likewise Galuk and Kebbung are upper garments of body. Another remarkable attire of mising women folk is Ribi gaseng. This is hand woven lion cloth which is used mainly during any festival or winter season. Usually ladies of this cimmunity like to wear black and green colored clothes. Girls often wear black Agey, Ribi Gaseng and Gero. Mising women like to embellish their head with a special kind of cloth which is popularly known as hura.

Traditional dress of karbi tribe


The Karbi people have their rich tradition and culture. They have their traditional dresses which are designed very attractively by the adept Karbi weavers. Karbi women use to wear a short piece of cloth wrapping tied around the waist like a Mekhela. It is known as Pinicamflak. Pe-kok and jar-ek is upper garment of the Karbi ladies. They wear a colorful striped Endi scarf called Khongjari during the winter season which is able to attract the grab of attention of foreigner with its exquisite beauty.


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Comments

Guest Author: ashish06 Jun 2015

Not sure if the writer condensed it from some other article. The English is way too complex and full of both, spelling mistakes and unnecessary prose, successfully concealing the main message.

Author: Tulika Devi Nath07 Jun 2015 Member Level: Gold   Points : 1

This is entirely my content. This website is a reputed website where nobody can publish copied content from others. Editors are very skilled as well who publish only standard articles.



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