Origin of Green Revolution
Posted Date: 09-May-2008
Sushil Kumar Patial
Freen Revolutionis the name given to science based trasformation of third world agriculture. It was a technical and managerial package exported from the first world to the third. The term 'Green Revolution' was first used in 1968 by former USAID Director William Gaud, who started the rapid spreaad of modren varieties, mainly wheat, maize and rice throughout Asia.
Origins of Green Revolution
norman Borlaug was the father of Mexico's Green Revolution. He was rewarded the nobel Prize for his work on Plant breeding.The Revolution spread from Mexico to other countries. The Green Revolution started by borlaug's miracle seeds', is often credited with haing transformed India from "a begging bowl to bread basket" and Punjab was its most celebrated success. Yet far from bringing prosperity, two decades of Green Revolution have left Punjab riddled with discontent and violence. Instead of plenty, Punjab has been left with diseased soils, pest infested cops, waterlogged deserts. indebted and discontented farmers.
It has often being suggested that the Green Revolution was the only alternative by which India and the rest of the Third World could have increased their food availability. Yet, until the 1960's India was successfully following an agricultural development policy based on strenghthening the ecological base of agriculture and the self-reliance of peasants. Most of the states were undergoing land reforms and measures were taken to secure tenure for tenant cultivators, to fix reasonable rents, and tjo abolish the Zamindari system. Ceilings on land holdings were also reduced. The 'land transformation' programme put forward by the Ministry of Agriculture, achieved major successes. Infact, the rate of growth of total crop production was higher during this period.
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