Amazing and interesting facts about Indian Railways

Indian Railways is an organization owned and run by Government of India under the ministry of Railways. Since its inception in 1853 so many changes took place in its modernization through ages. In this article I gave a lot of interesting facts about Indian Railways through the course of its modernization from the time of its inception.


Indian Railways is one of the largest organization in the world run by the Government of India to provide transport facility to large masses of people. If we go through the history of this organization from its inception in 1853 till now we can find so many amazing facts about this great organization. Go through some of these interesting facts placed below and feel the great heritage of its history.

Some interesting facts about Indian Railways

  • Railways were first started in India in the year 1853 on 16th April from Mumbai to Thane. In 1861 a 80-mile link from Trichinopoly to Negapatam was opened in Madras Presidency. The Carnatic Railway founded in the year 1864 and it opened a Madras-Arakkonam-Conjeevaram line in 1865.
  • Indian Railways running 21,000 trains daily which covers a distance of 13.4 lakhs kilometers. This distance is 3 1/2 times more than that of the distance between earth and moon.
  • Indian Railways carrying roughly 2.5 crores people daily through its trains which is more than the population of the country Australia.
  • Indian Railways have raiway tracks covering 1.15 lakhs kilometers and have 7,715 railway stations.
  • Indian Railways organization registers 8th pace in the word having the largest number of employees 16 lakhs of people working in it.
  • In Kharagpur of U.P. the longest railway platform in the world is present. This platform length is 1,336.33 kilometers.
  • The total distance covered by Indian Railways is equivalent to one and half times distance covered by the meridian line of the earth.
  • The longest railway station name is 'Venkata Narasimha Raju vari Peta' of A.P state. The smallest name railway stations are 'IB' in Odisha and 'OD' in Gujarat.
  • The fastest train running in our country is between Delhi-Bhopal Satabdi Express which runs at a speed of 150 Km/hr.
  • The slowest train running in our country is Mettupalem-Ooty- Nilagiri Passenger which runs at a speed of 10 Km/hr.
  • The longest distance traveled train in India is Vivek Express which runs between Dibrughar to Kanyakumari which covers a distance of 4,273 Kilometers.
  • The smallest distance covering Indian train is Nagapur to Ajni passanger covering a distance of 3 Km. only.Indian Railways have a total own land of 10.65 lakhs acres.
  • One of the oldest steam engine train 'Fairy Queen' is providing services even today is operating between Delhi-Alwar with two bogies. This train was built in 1885 and it got heritage award by International Tourist Bureau as well as it got place Guinness world record.

Video of 150 year old "Fairy Queen" Indian steam engine train:-

  • In Ahamed Nagar of Maharashtra two railway stations are present at the same place. On one side of the railway track Srirampur and on the other side of the track Belapur station.
  • Kolkata Metro rail project is the first underground railway line in India.
  • A road cum railway track is present between Rajhamundry and Kovvuru stations in A.P. is the longest of such track in Asia. A road track of 4.2 Km. was constructed above railway track which measures about 2.7 Km.
  • In Indian Railways, toilets were started in the year 1909 and it was on the request of petition given by a passenger Okhil Babu at that time to the railway authorities. Now at present Dibrughad Rajdhani Express is the first Indian train is going to utilize Bio-vacuum toilets for first time in India or else anywhere in the world
  • Train Trivandrum-Nizamuddin Express operating between Vadodra-Kota covers a distance of 528 Km. without any stop where as Howraha-Amritsar Express stops at 115 stations as it travels to reach its destination.
  • Some famous heritage trains are 'The Fairy Queen Train' operating between Delhi Cantt. - Rewari - Alwar - Rewari - Delhi Cantt., Maha Parinirvar Express operating between Gaya/Bodhgaya - Rajgir - Sarnath - Kushinagar - Lumbini - Shravasti - Agra, Palace On Wheels, Royal Rajasthan On Wheels, Deccan Odyssey, Golden Chariot, Southern Splendour etc. are most luxurious great heritage trains.

Video of Palace on wheels-Heritage Train of Rajasthan:-

Courtesy:- youtube


Author: K Mohan01 Mar 2016 Member Level: Platinum   Points : 4

By bringing this article the author has tried to convey the importance and facts in the history of Indian Railways which has to be known by the present generation. Often the present generation are not aware of the meter gauge trains, the steam hauled trains and diesel hauled narrow gauge trains. I had the opportunity to enjoy the six coach local trains on meter gauge that used to run on steam engine with lots of smoke emanating while the train runs. It is always enchanting to watch when the train moves in speed with lots of smoke and steam coming out of it. The whistle is very unusual and we can hear the same from long distance. Most of the house holds near the track used to avail the hot water from the steam engine as and when it stops for a while in each station.

Author: Partha K.03 Mar 2016 Member Level: Diamond   Points : 7

An excellent article! As a former employee in Railway, I am always interested in the functioning of Indian Railways. There are numerous remarkable facts about Indian Railways which Indians are not aware of. I am adding some more:-
1.Fastest train in India: New Delhi-Bhopal Shatabdi Express is the fastest train in India. This AC Superfast train clocks a maximum speed of 150 km/hour on the Faridabad-Agra section. It also has the highest commercial speed – 89.87 km/hour and covers the 704 km New Delhi- Bhopal route in 7 hours 50 minutes.
2. Longest and shortest run by a train: Vivek Express from Dibrugarh to Kanyakumari travels a distance of 4273 km, making it the longest run train in terms of total time and distance in Indian Railways. Shortest run: Scheduled service between Nagpur and Ajni stations is just 3 km. This service is primarily meant for the crew to travel from Nagpur station to the workshop at Ajni.
3. Longest non-stop travel and Trains with most stops: Trivandrum – H. Nizamuddin Rajdhani Express travels the 528 km between Vadodara and Kota non-stop. The second place goes to the Mumbai Rajdhani Express that travels nonstop between New Delhi and Kota. The record for maximum number of stops by an Express train is held by Howrah – Amritsar Express with 115 halts, followed by Delhi – Howrah Janata Express with 109 halts. Third spot in this regard goes to Jammu Tawi – Sealdah Express with 99 halts.
4. Shortest and longest station names: Shortest names: Ib (near Jharsuguda in Odisha) and Od (near Anand in Gujarat). Longest name: ‘Venkata narasimha raju vari peta’ (Arakkonam- Renigunta section near Chennai).
5. Least punctual train: Guwahati – Trivandrum Express is considered to be the most unreliable long-distance train in the country. The scheduled journey time is 65 hours and 5 minutes, but the average delay on a trip is usually about 10-12 hours.
6. Two stations at same location: This is another remarkable fact! Srirampur and Belapur are two different stations in Ahmednagar district in Maharashtra at the same location on the railway route but on opposite sides of the track.
There are many more interesting but little-known facts about Indian Railway which can not be covered in a single article. I hope the author would write the sequel of this article. The two pics are good. Overall a very good and informative article.
Thumbs up!

Author: Ramachandran Pattabiraman06 Mar 2016 Member Level: Diamond   Points : 0

Super article Ramakrishna Ji! Railway, in India is the largest employer and role model for employers.Being a managerial person I astonish the management of Railways as the personnel and other administration is really great. But the pity thing is selling of food items in the trains are of less quality that is below normal standard. Moreover, they are bringing the vegetarian foods and non-vegetarian foods in a same tray. It is very embarrassing to many vegetarian people to buy. Coffee and tea vendors supplying them in below average standard and also with less quantity. If such situation goes on and on how the sales of such food items could have been targeted?

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