IntroductionIndian Institutes of Technology (IITs) are premier institutions of higher education in the field of engineering education and research. The IITs are governed by the Institutes of Technology Act, 1961 and has been declared as 'Institutions of national importance' due to which the degrees provided by IITs need not be recognised by the AICTE. The Union HRD Minister is the ex-officio Chairperson of IIT Council which oversees the administration of IITs.
List of IITs
. The above list of sixteen IITs is displayed on the website of Ministry of Human Resources, Government of India. However as per information furnished in the Information Brochure of JEE (Advanced) 2016 , there are following two more IITs -
In addition to above, as per news paper reports, the following IITs were also reported to start functioning since 2016 which will make the total number of IITs in India as 23 -
Courses offered at IITsBesides offering world class education in engineering and technology, the IITs are contributing significantly to education and research in basic sciences and humanities also. The IITs offer generally following types of courses -
Admission procedureAdmission to undergraduate program is done on the basis of Indian Institute of Technology-Joint Entrance Examination (IIT-JEE) examination. From the year 2013 onward, the IIT-JEE is conducted in two parts -JEE (main) and JEE (Advanced). Admissions to IITs is based on category wise All India Rank (AIR) in JEE (Advanced) which is further subject to the condition that such candidates should be among the top 20 percentile of successful candidates of their Boards in applicable categories. The admission to PG programmes is conducted through a Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) examination. In addition, admission to some programs of IITs like M.Sc in Maths, Physics and Chemistry, MBA, PhD etc. are done through Common Admission Test(CAT), Joint Admission Test for Masters (JAM) and Common Entrance Examination for Design (CEED).
ConclusionMost of the IITs are ranked above any other engineering colleges in India in engineering education. However only six institutes of higher education in India appeared in the top 300 of the QS World University Rankings of 2015 - IISc Bangalore (147), IIT Delhi (179), IIT Bombay(202), IIT Madras (254), IIT Kanpur (271) and IIT Kharagpur (286). As per data available on various internet resources, presently 18 IITs are already functioning in India . Also during the budget speech on 28.02.2015, the Finance minister has announced that the ISM, Dhanbad is proposed to be converted into an IIT. Leaving aside the 4 new IITs proposed to be opened in the year 2016, the total number of available seats in undergraduate, graduate and doctoral programs of IITs are 33039, 25694 and 1738 respectively. However this data is subject to verification from the respective websites of various IITs.
IIT being the abbreviated form of Indian Institute Technology is known for its quality education in the fields of Science and Technology and utmost care is taken in the selection process of the aspirants. Questions in different sections namely Physics, Chemistry and mathematics are so designed for the combined test of Engineering that the questions from any year is not repeated again and every time fresh questions in each section are introduced to assess the potential of the aspirants. The teaching facilities in all the localities appear to be superb and as such these engineering graduates are the most sought after - be it a research Institution or an Industry.
Science - faculties maintained by IIT such as Physics and Mathematics are equally impressive. In the field of management, their quality of teaching is unparalleled. To sum up, to have admission in IIT is itself the matter of distinguished achievement for the aspirant. However, we need to encourage the best talents available in the IIT so that there is proper nurture of the inherent potential of individuals.
The author has enlisted all the institutes barring a few which have come up recently - IIT Dharwad being the latest inclusion. This article must be an eye - opener for any one seriously opting for persuasion of specialised studies in any branch of Science and Technology.