IntroductionMany of us are pet lovers. Some people have already pet with them and some want to have pet. There are many things and good information which one should know such as dog vaccination, diseases, food, exercise and daily hygiene of your pet. This article provides all the required information, knowledge, and best practices about the care of your pet.
Selection of dog breedThere are many dog breeds available. How to choose your pet it depends on some factors such as your attraction towards a particular breed, type of your residence (flat, independent house, govt. bungalow), your financial condition to expend on your pet food, whether you want a guarding dog or family dog etc. Decide the breed you want to have after considering all the parameters mentioned above. Read the article by ME Vandana tips on buying a dog for more information.
Bringing the pet to homeYou bring the puppy at early stage after birth from 21 days to 45 days. As this will create a strong bond between you and your pet. Check the medical history of the puppy's parents for opting healthy puppy. If your puppy is the offspring's of ailing dogs it may transmit to the young puppy genetically. So bring home a healthy pet.
Foods for dogThe canines are non-vegetarian by nature. It depends upon you, what you want him vegetarian or non- vegetarian. If you are vegetarian you can give him/her breed, milk, roti, puri, paratha, rice, apple, beans, carrot, radish, cucumber, pedigree, dog biscuits and sometimes dry fruits in small quantity. If you are non- vegetarian along with vegetarian food you can give eggs, meat after some interval.
VaccinationAt the age of 45 days get your pet vaccinated with rabies and seven in one shot. Seven in one shot improves the immune system and provides the protection against the seven fatal viral disease such as parvovirus, distemper, hepatitis, Parainfluenza, Leptospirosis, Canine coronavirus, Rabies. You should have a medical book history for your pet and get entered every treatment given to your pet.
Daily care and checksTake your pet for morning walk for 20-30 minutes. Let him learn to pass the urine and defecation while on walking. Let him learn to run and jump slowly. Teach him good manners and discipline. Give him light breakfast such as milk, pedigree, bread etc. Comb his hair and check his body and paws for any skin disease. Ear check and cleaning to be done frequently if any pain is there in the ear due to infection, fever take the pet to doctor. Check that he is taking plenty of water and eating food regularly. If not eating food take him to doctor. There may be infection in the stomach, acidity, distemper etc. Give him medicine, coconut water, electrol, glucose till he returns to his normal food. Keep your pet for 30-60 minutes in the sun for vitamin D. Vitamin D protects against the viral diseases. Read the article on care during hot summerfor care should be taken during summer.
Diseases in dogsThere are several fatal viral disease in the dogs such as parvovirus, distemper, hepatitis, Parainfluenza, Leptospirosis, Canine coronavirus, Rabies. To prevent these diseases vaccination is the best way. Get your pet vaccinated in time to save him from these fatal diseases. Some other illness are skin disease etching, fever, cold, vomiting etc., for small red spot and etching apply dermi-5 cream and if the itching is more give neomac tablet 10 mg for 10 days every third day.
Distemper is a viral disease caused even after giving the vaccination. If your pet come in contact with infected street dog, or the virus is present in dog's environment it may pass to your dog. The symptoms of distemper are loss of appetite, wet nose, fits/ seizures, dehydration, sadness and low immune (reduced WBC count).
Rabies attacks on nervous system. Vaccination is the best way to protect against this disease. If your dog is affected with rabies he will run to bite, the saliva will be coming out from his mouth. This is very dangerous. Owner should tie the dog to a safe site or confined him so that he could not bite to anybody. Call the municipality staff and hand over the dog for further action. Once the rabies is set on there is no cure, the dog/ person has to die.
Reporting sickIf your pet has fallen sick. Take him to your veterinary doctor for treatment. If required do the complete check-up and complete blood tests. Check the blood report carefully and find the reason of illness. I am putting the complete blood tests report for sample.
In case deathIf unfortunately you could not save your pet from illness or natural death then you are required to bury his body at a suitable place as soon as possible. Put tulsi leaf and Gangajal in his mouth and put cotton in all the openings such as ear, nose, etc. Wrap him with a new cloth/ his blanket and put him in the grave. Put 5-10 kg salt around his body for faster dissolution. Cover the grave and put some stones/ branches so that other animals could not dig the grave.
ConclusionYou must know as much as you can about the pet care. Many of us do not have much knowledge about pet care and end up with difficulties due to lack of knowledge or information. The article explores many useful things, reader must keep in mind while caring for your pet. If you have lost your pet untimely, it may create stress and unpleasant environment for you for some time. Clean your house floor with bleaching powder and disinfectants. Wash your all the clothes, bed sheets, curtains etc. Get sprayed your surroundings and do not go for second pet for at least 6 months because the virus remains alive for 6 months in that environment and may transfer to your new pet. Get vaccinated to your new pet before bringing to home.
The author has given elaborate details on as to how to chose a pet, how to nurture and lastly how to deal with those pets which die. That made the interest reading. Normally some people have the habit of having pet just for the sake of it as they wont attend to its necessity. Pets like dogs and cats need regular bath and grooming so that it can be kept clean and germ free. If the pet roams freely inside the house, the owner must take care and ensure that the dog is not touched or teased by the children at home. Some times even pet dogs get agitated if some one touch its tail by mistake and the children are fond of pulling the tails. Moreover the pet dogs should not be fed in front of small children. On seeing the dog eating, children are also tempted to taste the same food and that is very dangerous. Children should be kept away from the dog as far as possible. Even while taking out for walking, children should not accompany the pets.
A pet becomes a part of the family and hence it becomes crucial that all its needs are taken care of.
1. Exercise is very important for your dog. Taking the dog out for walks to defecate and urinate is not exercise enough. Different breeds need different amounts of exercise. Bigger dogs such as Doberman, Dalmatian, Golden Retriever and Labrador etcetera need a lot of exercise. These dogs should be given a good workout, every day. Play ball with them in an open area; take them for runs and longer walks. Smaller breeds need relatively lesser exercise.
2. Ensure that your pets remain warm during winter months and cool during the hot summer. Get them special doggie coats for the cold weather and keep them cool during summer, by providing a wet mat for them to rest on, or allowing them inside air-conditioned space.
3. Get the dog dewormed every year, after consulting the vet.
4. Dogs are social animals; make sure you play with your dog. Do not leave them alone for long hours.
5. Get them toys to play with.
6. Refill his water bowl daily, with fresh, clean water.
A word of caution - Do not medicate your pet without consulting his vet. Only a qualified vet can identify symptoms and prescribe medication.