How to do multiplication of two digit numbers by Vedic method

Vedic Method is an ancient method of India which used by saints to solve mathematical problems. In this article you will find how to multiply two digit numbers by Vedic Method. Vedic method of multiplicaton is the easiest and the shortest method.


Vedic method is a method of calculation used by our saints in ancient time. Vedic method is the easiest and shortest method to calculate mathematical problems. We study multiplication tables in lower classes and we know its traditional method, where we multiply a number by one digit and then by a second digit. Sometimes the multiplication becomes very lengthy and a boring process. Let's know how to multiply two digit numbers by Vedic method.

How to multiply by Vedic Method

Vedic method is a very easy method of multiplication. Let's know its step by step process with example.
Let we take two numbers 21 and 32 to multiply.
(21 X 32) in our traditional method we first multiply 21by 2 and then 21 by 3. For example:
The answer for this question is 672.

Vedic method of multiplication of two digit number

Now I am going to explain the Vedic method for multiplication:
First make three blocks. We will get answer of this question in three steps:

Step 1:
In this step we will multiply the one's digit of first number with the one's digit of second number and answer will be put in first block, i.e. multiply 1 and 2. The answer is 2. Put this answer in the first block.

Step. 2:
Now we will multiply the one's digit of first number with the ten's digit of second number and also ten's digit of first number with one's digit of second number. Now add both the answers. Put this answer in the second block.
i.e. we will multiply 2 by 2 and answer is 4 and 1 by 3 and answer will 3. Now add 4 and 3 the answer will 7. Put this answer in second block.

Step3 :
In third and last step, multiply ten's digit of first number with ten's digit of second number and put the answer in the third block.
i.e. 2 by 3 and answer will be 6. So put this answer 6 in third block. Hence we will get the answer 672. For example:

If the number in the first and second blocks has two digits, then we will carry forward the numbers as usual to the next block.


So we can multiply two digit numbers by Vedic method in a very short period of time. It needs practice. So try to multiply two digit numbers yourselves and try to save your time. It would be helpful in competitive exams where you have to conserve your time by applying short cut methods. If you find any difficulty in using this method, let me know by posting a comment below. I will certainly help you.

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