Introduction Indian civilization is one of the oldest civilizations in the world. Vedic literature is regarded as the treasury of knowledge not only for India, but rather for the whole world. Many scientists or the Rishis of ancient time were born in the country from the Vedic to modern period. Professor Panchanan Maheshwari occupies an important place among those scientists. He was a great botanist. He enlightened the whole world by his discoveries in the field of plant sciences. For the first time, he was able to grow a plant after natural fertilization in a test tube containing artificial culture medium.
Birth and Education Professor Panchanan Maheshwari was born on 9th of November, 1904 at Jaipur in the house of Shri Vijaypal who was in an ordinary clerical job. Professor Panchanan Maheshwari got his graduation degree from Ewing Christian College, Allahabad in 1925. Post graduate degree (M.Sc.) and the most prestigious degree, Doctor of Science (D.Sc.) were awarded to him in 1927 and 1931 respectively. Professor Panchanan Maheshwari came into contact with Prof. Winfield Dudgeon when he was a student of Ewing Christian College. Prof. Dudgeon was an American botanist.
Academic Career As a teacher, Professor Panchanan Maheshwari started his career from Ewing College, Allahabad. He joined Agra College, Agra in 1930 as a lecturer. Due to his travels to Europe, he resigned from this college in 1936. He provided his service again to Allahabad University from 1937 to 1939. During this period, he also joined Lucknow University, Lucknow as reader and H.O.D., Botany (from July to September 1939). In November, 1939, Professor Panchanan Maheshwari joined Dhaka University, Dhaka as Head of the department of Botany. It needs to be mentioned here that before independence, both Pakistan and Bangladesh were parts of India. Professor Panchanan Maheshwari was later on promoted to the post of Dean in the University. He was invited by the Vice Chancellor Sir Morris Jwier to chair the post of H.O.D., Botany at Delhi University, Delhi in 1949. Till his retirement he continued on the post at Delhi University.
Honours and Awards The medals and awards are:
Contributions in Botany The main contributions of Professor Panchanan Maheshwari in the field of botany are:
Professor Panchanan Maheshwari passed away on 18th May, 1966.
Hakimuddin Kuwakhedawala is based in India with over 15 years experience as a teacher. Teaching and writing are his passion. Most of the articles of Hakimuddin are related to education, exam, environmental problems, etc.
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