Introduction Bones and cartilage make our internal skeleton. There are different used of bones and cartilage. Bones are cartilage are tissues and included in skeleton system. There are total 206 bones in human body. Bones are hard but cartilages are comparatively soft.
Functions of the Skeleton The functions of skeleton are as follow:
Now I am going to explain some disorders of skeleton system i.e. bones and cartilage.
Sprain Sprain is caused due to excess stretching of ligaments or tendon which results into their breakage. In case of breakage of ligaments, the bones dislocated from their original place. Therefore, sprain is known as dislocation of bone.
Arthritis or Aching joints Arthritis or inflammation of joints may result due to the lack of synovial fluid in the joint or due to the ossification of articulating cartilage. Arthritis may also result due to the deposition of uric acid crystals in the joint. Arthritis is very painful disease and the person suffering from Arthritis feels great difficulty in bending his body parts particularly at the joints.
Slipped disc In slipped disc disease, vertebrae of the vertebral column are displaced from their normal position due to mechanical injuries and stretching in the ligaments which hold them together. Slipped disc is also very painful disease.
Osteoporosis Osteoporosis is reduction in bone tissue causing weakness of skeleton strength. Osteoporosis may result due to defective intestinal calcium absorption and menopause. Osteoporosis is more common in women than in men and older than in middle aged person. In osteoporosis pain occur in weight bearing vertebrae. Preventive measure in high risk patients include supplementary calcium and exercise and in post menopausal women, estrogen replacement therapy.
Gout and gouty arthritis Gout and Gouty arthritis is caused due to defect in purine metabolism that causes an excess of uric acid and its salt. In gout, level of uric acid is raised in the blood. When crystals of uric acid salts accumulate in the joints it causes gouty arthritis.
Conclusion So, dear friends these are some disorders of bones and cartilages. If want to make our body, we must exercise daily. Here, I am providing the benefits of exercise:
Hakimuddin Kuwakhedawala is based in India with over 15 years experience as a teacher. Teaching and writing are his passion. Most of the articles of Hakimuddin are related to education, exam, environmental problems, etc.
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A Little piece of information I am giving here to maintain body health related to the skeletal system. As one gets older it is essential or becomes very important to exercise to reduce risks of fractures and diseases of joints. Following a balanced yoga practice, one can gain healthy benefits to avoid wear and tear of the joints and help in strengthening the bones. Practising yoga with proper instructions from a trained yoga practitioner many diseases of bones and joints can be prevented such as osteoporosis joint pains etc. Yoga postures help to retain calcium and also lubricates the joints between the bones. The postures help in balancing the muscular system, keeping in position the skeletal system and thus reducing the wear and tear of bones. Yoga postures help to distribute the weight throughout the body and help to strengthen bones, in the flexibility of movement and removes stiffness in the body. This brings about flexibility to the whole body. Different body posture exercises increase blood circulation and health of the body. With proper guidance from a yoga teacher, health can be taken care of, body balance, coordination of the muscular and skeletal system. By doing regular yoga exercises one can prevent diseases of bones and muscles.