Career in physiotherapy after PCB in class 12


What is a good job-oriented career after PCB in class 12? Consider an undergraduate programme in physiotherapy if you want to be employable. A course in physiotherapy from a reputed institute will help you get established in the field. Check the details about programmes you can pursue, opportunities in the field and the best places to study physiotherapy.

Physiotherapists can be employed in the medical as well as in the health and wellness industry. They need to be skilled professionals, who are aware of different conditions that hinder locomotion in humans. They are trained to correct such disorders that hamper movement and/or cause pain and enable patients to move without pain and discomfort and lead a normal life.

A physiotherapist is required when serious problems such as disability due to a stroke or an accident occurs. However, they can also involve therapies and treatments to alleviate frozen shoulder, backache, spondylitis, tennis elbow and other mobility-related conditions.



What is physiotherapy?


Physiotherapy is more than massage and exercise. It has developed into a science that requires an in-depth understanding of medical conditions before physical treatment can be provided. Physiotherapy also involves the use of specially designed tools and therapies to ensure that the treatment is effective. It can be a preventive therapy but is also seen as a recovery therapy, especially for patients with orthopaedic and neurological disorders, and those who have had an accident or a surgery that leaves them immobile. It is a rehabilitation and healing treatment that helps strengthen core muscles and improve mobility, in patients. A physiotherapist is like a trainer, who actually works with the patient – guiding them through rigorous exercise regimes and providing complementary therapies that work in harmony, to provide relief and stability to the patient.

Apart from being proficient in the actual therapy, physiotherapists also have knowledge of manufacture and fitment of the different aids and appliances used for rehabilitation.

Combinations of various therapies are used to treat physical deformities that incapacitate and hamper movement. Physiotherapy is a treatment used on patients who lose control over their body due to –
  • Accident
  • Amputation
  • Joint pain
  • Congenital disabilities
  • Paralysis
  • Arthritis
  • Polio
  • Muscle degeneration
  • Nerve damage
  • Pain Management
  • Torn tendons
  • Fracture
  • Quadriplegia
  • Hemiplegia
  • Orthopedic problems
  • Paraplegia etc.

Some tools and treatments used by physiotherapists include –

  • Electric Massagers
  • Exercise
  • Stretches
  • Ultrasonic gadgets
  • Electrical gadgets
  • Infra-red rays
  • Ultraviolet units
  • Shortwave treatment
  • Electrical Impulses
  • Hydrotherapy
  • Paraffin wax therapy
  • Heat therapy
  • Traction
  • Oil Massages

All major hospitals, public and private, have a physiotherapy department. Hence, job opportunities are aplenty. Skilled and experienced physiotherapist can work on their own as well, either setting up a physiotherapy centre or making house calls. Physiotherapists require fine knowledge of muscles, nerves and bones. Their primary focus of their job is the rehabilitation of patients.

Physiotherapy: Undergraduate course details


  • To be eligible to study physiotherapy at the undergraduate level you will need to have qualified class 12 with a minimum 50%, in Physics, Chemistry and Biology (PCB)
  • Depending on the institute that you apply to, you might have to clear an entrance test, to be eligible for the enrollment into the Bachelor of Physiotherapy (BPT) programme
  • Some institutions insist that the candidate has working knowledge of English. That is, you should be able to read, write, speak and understand the language
  • It is a full-time programme which stretches to four and a half years
  • The course covers different aspects of medical science, such as Disability prevention
  • Psychology
  • Physiology
  • Anatomy
  • Pathology
  • Biomechanics
  • Pharmacology
  • Medical & Surgical conditions
  • Kinesiology
  • Rehabilitation
  • Bachelor of Prosthetics and Orthotics (BPO) and Bachelor of Occupational Therapy (BOT), are other undergraduate programmes that you can consider

Physiotherapy: Specialised courses


On completion of an undergrad physiotherapy programme, you can choose to do a postgraduate programme. These are of course specialised courses that will prepare you to work in specific fields and with individuals coping with specific disabilities. You can decide on the specialisation. MSc in Neurorehabilitation, Sports & Exercise Physiotherapy, Cognitive Rehabilitation and Rehabilitation Studies in Prosthetics or Orthotics are some of the options that will be available to you. You can follow it up with a PhD. Depending on your specialisation you can work in the following –

  • Cardiopulmonary Therapy
  • Clinical Electrophysiology
  • Geriatrics
  • Intensive Care
  • Mental Health
  • Neurology
  • Occupational Health
  • OPDs
  • Orthopaedics
  • Paediatrics
  • Sports Physical Therapy
  • Women's Health

Skillsets required by physiotherapists


While pursuing the graduate programme you will learn about the science behind physiotherapy, the techniques and therapies to apply and of course about the gadgets. However, to be successful at your job you will need to demonstrate specific skills not taught in a classroom. You will need to possess good administrative and organisational skills. You should be a good communicator and display excellent interpersonal skills. Patience, the capacity to perform under pressure and thorough understanding of the subject are qualities that will help you in your job.

Who employees physiotherapists


Physiotherapists can find employment in hospitals, fitness organisations and health centres. There is great demand for people with the right skills and temperament. The top employers are hotels and resorts that operate spas. Fitness centres like Talwalkers, NGOs working with physically handicapped and private clubs etc.

Pay Packages


Like every other field, the salary is influenced by your experience and skill. It also depends on the kind of organisation it is. A luxury hotel or a private hospital chain will obviously pay more than an NGO or local fitness centre. Where you completed your degree from is also important. Certain institutes are better recognised by the industry than others.

That being said the average package when you start out can be in the range of Rs.10,000 to Rs.20,000 per month. With experience, you can demand a better salary. You can earn extra money working in a Spa because customers are generally generous with tips.



Top 10 physiotherapy colleges


There are a number of colleges and universities, both private and government that offer undergraduate and postgraduate programmes in physiotherapy. I have created a list of ten of the best places where you can enrol for a Bachelor in Physiotherapy. The basic requirement for most institutes remains the same.

The candidate must have qualified in Higher Secondary in Physics, Chemistry and Biology, with minimum 50% marks. Some institutes require English as a subject too in class 12. Admission is generally based on an entrance test. You may check the precise dates on the official websites. A number of institutes allow online submission of applications.


Course fees


An undergraduate programme can cost between Rs.2 lakhs to Rs.5 lakhs. Postgraduate studies can cost more, depending on the specialisation you choose. A number of institutes provide funding through scholarships, to meritorious candidates. You can check with individual institutes about the funding offers and the requirement.


Article by Juana
Juana is a freelance writer, with years of experience, creating content for varied online portals. She holds a degree in English Literature and has worked as a teacher and as a soft skill trainer. An avid reader, she writes on a variety of topics ranging from health, travel, education and personality development.

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