How to Stay Safe during Floods


Want to know how to be safe during floods? Want to know how totake care during and after floods? Want to know how to be alert and safe guard yourself from floods. Then read this article to know more about the floods.

Flood


  • The most natural and destructive hazards of the Earth are floods. Flooding may happens in many ways, continuous rainfall, overflowing of rivers, streams, lakes, oceans, collapsing of bridges and dams, melting of ice mountains, tsunamis can cause floods. A flood is overflowing of water that submerges land that is usually dry. It can happen low lying or flat areas. Strong moving water has enormous destructive effects. The waters may carry away bridges, houses, cars and may uproot electric poles and trees, may crack and damage buildings and structures.

  • People of flooded areas would not get clean drinking water, electricity would be cut off, it leads to water borne epidemic diseases such as hepatitis, typhoid and cholera. Flooding causes loss of life, human and animals, buildings, properties, bridges and sewage systems. It damages power supply, contaminates water. Communication and Transportation , road ways gets disturbed, mobilization of people and food supplies becomes difficult, emergency aids would be delayed and many other services are hampered

  • People suffer a lot due to death of family members/near and dear ones, injuries, displacement, daily activity becomes terrible, basic requirements become out of reach. Taking care of children becomes very difficult. Flooding also affects planting of crops/harvesting and makes it unworkable. After effects of floods increases as the water recedes, leading to food shortage, man power and farm animals. The land will be left with mud and slit

  • People suffer financially, physically, emotionally and psychologically leading to number of diseases. Every year number of people and livestock die due to drowning, water borne diseases die during floods or after floods. It affects thousands of people. It carries away fertile soil from farming land. Here are some safety measures to be taken during floods to be safe

How to take care before the floods


  • First and foremost important thing is to stay calm and not to panic during flood. Always keeps the mobile phones charged for emergencies and use messages for communications. Be alert and listen to radio, watch television for weather reports and latest news. Take care to ensure the safety of the animals like dogs, cats, cows, cattle etc untie them

  • Take care of children, talk to them and provide them with tips to be bold. Keep all your important documents and other valuables in water proof covers to avoid getting soaked in water. Take care to keep first aid kit handy medicines for insect bites, scorpions, snakes and diseases like cold, flue, diarrhea. Have an emergency kit with all necessary things that is essential for the survival

How to take care during the floods


  • Be very careful during the floods, do not enter the flood waters, wear suitable clothes and footwear if you want to enter the waters. Look for electric poles and wires , stay away from them, electric poles would have fallen and it may cause danger or electrocute. Report it to the concerned departments to for repair or fixing up of the electric poles.

  • In case of emergency call for help. Avoid walking in flooded areas, you may not know the presence of sewerage lines, drains, gutters, culverts, open manholes etc. Drink boiled water/clean water; eat fresh food, or dry foods. Take care to cover all food items.

How to take care after floods


  • Use mosquito nets to avoid diseases from insects and mosquito bites to prevent malaria, dengue etc, and avoid sending children for playing near the flood water. Be careful not to use any damaged electrical gadgets. Look out for any electric poles and wires and keep away from them and report it to concerned authorities.

  • Avoid eating any food that has come through flood waters. If the sewage pipes/water pipes are damaged, do not use the tap water and don't use the toilets.

Things to do when you need to relocate or evacuate


  • Raise the tables and bed. Cover all the appliances with water proof bags and place them on the tables and beds. Cover Switch off the main electric connection and turn off the gas connection. Cover the toilet bowls with sandbags and the drain holes to prevent sewage water back flow.

  • Move to a safe place/ or higher level ground to keep away from flood waters. Take all the necessary valuables with you, and the emergency and first aid kits. Be careful not to enter into waters. Have a stick for checking the water level and then seek for officials help.


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Comments

Author: Gaurav23 Aug 2017 Member Level: Gold   Points : 4

A very good article on how to be safe during floods. Every year flood hits a large part of our country causing heavy loss to life and property. These tips are really helpful in dealing with havoc of floods.
It is advisable to take some dry food and water bottles during flood. Water is basic need of men and during flood when every hand-pump and wells will be under water. It becomes very hard to get clean drinking water. The situation reminds of the line "water, water everywhere but not a drop to drink". People are advised to take necessary medicines, papers of their home and land, a torch light, dry food items and most important a stick because during floods large number of animals living in burrows came out like snakes and scorpion which are very dangerous to life.
Help others, keep tuned to radio and television for latest updates. Look for some high ground in advance or better shift to some relatives who are out of flood danger zone immediately after the flood alert.

Author: Juana25 Aug 2017 Member Level: Platinum   Points : 8

When floods are imminent it is best to evacuate. However, if you cannot leave then the next best thing to do is be prepared for every eventuality. Here are a few precautions that people expecting to be inundated can take. Stock up on the following items -
1. A tube of mosquito repellent
2. Candles and matchbox
3. Basic medicines for fever, cough & cold, headache, joint pains and upset stomach for adults and children
4. Medicine for chronic health conditions such as BP, diabetes and allergies etc.
5. Milk powder
6. Edibles such as biscuits and mixture and other foods that do not require cooking
7. Rice, wheat flour, pulses, onions, potatoes, masalas, oil and other edible items that have a long shelf life and can be used to prepare simple meals
8. Drinking water – use bottles and vessels to store drinking water
9. Tablets to purify water
10. Sanitary towels for women
11. Diapers for children

Author: jenny26 Aug 2017 Member Level: Diamond   Points : 8

Thank you Gaurav and Juana for reading and giving tips. I would like to mention here that first and foremost help is being preparedness. Every year there is flooding in some parts of our country. People should be alert and move to a safer place before the onset of rains or floods. As they have been experiencing this for years, year after year, they need to take measures to avoid undue suffering and agony. It is a pathetic state that people do not get the basic things for survival. They suffer emotionally and psychologically. Medical help will also be out of reach. More awareness has to be created through campaigns by organizing street plays and demonstrations to help people to equip themselves for safety measures. Social organizations should create large scale awareness program to enlighten and educate people about floods. People should be alert, listen to news, read the newspaper, get information about the situation. Children are worst affected. At a tender age they have to battle for life. In schools, time to be allotted to teach children how to stay safe during floods. They are to be trained to equip themselves how to deal with several aspects, when there is flooding such as food, clothing, shelter. emergency things required, safe guarding important papers, materials, how to care for others, how to take care of one self, how to give first aid, how to protect from diseases, dangerous animals etc. Training should be given to children to build in them strong psychological and emotional balance for them to deal with. Through skits, role plays, dramas, screening, talks and mock sessions children can be taught how to cope with situations like natural calamities. Life saving skills can be taught to them to save life, property and how to survive. Children when young are quick to learn the skills. As they grow up they get equipped with strong skills and may help in dealing with situations in reality and also more efficiently.

Author: Nomita Mitra27 Aug 2017 Member Level: Gold   Points : 4

A well written article by the author. Natural calamities like flood, earthquake, avalanche etc. are some of the major causes that play havoc in the life of men and livestock. In India, thousands of people die or become homeless every year because of these calamities.
Out of all these calamities, flood is most common in rural areas situated mostly on riverbanks. Many reasons can be attributed to flood. Some of them are:

1. Heavy or torrential rain.
2. Releasing excess water from dams and barrages.
3. Blockage of river path by silt or unauthorized constructions.

Plight of people during flood-

1. People living in flood effected areas loses almost everything.
2. Sometimes, they need to evacuate their houses without bothering for their material belongings or livestock.
3. Supply of food stuff becomes exhausted and people have to starve.
4. Availability of potable water becomes nightmarish.
5. Cases of snake-bite and attack of wild animals increase manifold as the creatures also lose their homes.

Aftermath of flood=

1.Epidemic spreads rapidly.
2.People suffer from many water-borne diseases due to use of contaminated water.
3.Standing crops in the fields get partially or completely destroyed.

What can we do to help the flood victims-

1.Open relief camps for them with arrangements for shelter, food, medicines and other necessities of daily life till help from the administration arrives.
2.Provide old clothes to them.
3. Help them to start life afresh as the flood water recedes.

Author: Partha Kansabanik23 Oct 2017 Member Level: Diamond   Points : 6

An informative and useful article from the author. She has beautifully explained the do's before, during and after the flood. In this connection, I would like to add the following:-
(a) People should avoid unplanned construction in flood-prone areas.
(b) In the buildings in flood-prone areas, furnace, water heater and electric heater should be suitably elevated.
(c) Basement walls should be properly sealed with water-proofing compounds to avoid seepage.
(d) During flood, radio helps to get information.
(e) People should remain aware of flash flood during heavy rainfall. In case of flash flood, people should move immediately to higher grounds.
(f) In flood-prone areas, people should be aware of streams, water channels, etc. which are known to flood all of a sudden.
(g) If there is requirement of immediate evacuation, people should take emergency kit, dry food and cleean drinking water.
(h) Emergency kit should contain torch,transistor, dry cell, first aid equipment, medicines for common ailments, knife, chlorine tablets, candles, cash, AADHAR card, ATM card, etc., suitable footwears, thick ropes and chords.
(i) At the time of evacuation, all electrical appliances must be switched off.
(j) During and after the flood, people must be very careful about wild animals especially snakes and water-borne diseases.

Concluding my comments, I strongly recommend this article to know about the do's and dont's during flood.



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