What to do before, during and after the cyclone?


Tropical cyclones cause extensive damage in almost every year in the coastal areas of the world. In this article, the author discusses how to remain safe during the cyclone. Read the article to know various 'dos' before, during and after the cyclone.

Every year, lives and properties are lost during cyclone in the coastal areas. Thankfully, early warning system has been developed and damage can be minimized. In this article, we are going to discuss the desired action of people living in coastal areas before, during and after the cyclone.

What is cyclone ?

Cyclones are massive revolving storms which are caused by the winds blowing around a central area of low atmospheric pressure. Cyclones develop over warm seas near the Equator. In the northern hemisphere, winds blow in anti-clockwise cycle. In the southern hemisphere, the cyclonic winds blow in clockwise cycle. At the centre of the cyclonic storm, there is a calm, cloudless area which is called the 'eye' of the storm. At this place, there is no rain and the wind speed is light.

Classifications of cyclones

According to the World Meteorological Organization, cyclones are classified as tropical cyclones and extra-tropical cyclones, depending upon the wind speed. In India cyclones are classified by: (a) strength of associated winds, (b) storm surges, and (c) exceptional rainfall occurrences.



Major cyclones in India

The coastal areas of India witnessed many cyclones, some of which are mentioned below:
Paradip Cyclone: On 29th October, 1999, a super-cyclone struck Orissa. The wind speed was more than 300 km. per hour. The cyclone caused extensive damage and loss of lives and properties all over the state.
Cyclone Nisha: Cyclone Nisha struck the coastal areas of Tamil Nadu and Sri Lanka in 2008, causing major damage.
Cyclone Phyan: Cyclone Phyan struck the coasts of Gujarat and Maharashtra in 2009 causing major damage.
Cyclone Jal: Although Cyclone Jal caused more damage in Thailand and Malaysia in 2010, it caused partial damage in Orissa and Andhra Pradesh.
Cyclone Laila: Cyclone Laila struck coastal districts of Andhra Pradesh in 2010 causing heavy rainfall.
Cyclone Thane: Cyclone Thane struck in Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh in 2011. Although it was a very strong cyclone, thanks to early warning, the damage caused was minimal.
Cyclone Nilam: Cyclone Nilam struck Tamil Nadu in 2012. Again due to early warning, damage was controlled.
Cyclone Phailin: Cyclone Phailin struck coastal Orissa and Andhra Pradesh in 2013, but due to extensive planning and early warning, the damage was largely contained.

What to do before the cyclone

The following advance actions are required to be taken before the cyclonic session (October-November in India) in coastal areas:-
  1. Check the house, secure loose tiles and repair doors and windows.
  2. Remove dying trees near the house and anchor removable objects which can fly in cyclonic winds.
  3. Keep ready hurricane lantern filled with kerosene, battery operated torches and sufficient dry cells.
  4. Keep dry non-perishable food ready for emergency.


What to do when the warning of cyclone is received

The following should be done by people of coastal areas when there is a forecast of cyclone:-
  1. Listen to All India Radio for forecasts and warnings
  2. Share information but don't spread rumours.
  3. Evacuate when the Government authorities instruct after closing the doors and windows securely. Don't stay back.
  4. Carry extra food, stove, drinking water, torch, battery, transistor, and essential medicine while evacuating.
  5. Switch off the main switch of your house before evacuation.


What to do during cyclone

The following should be done during the cyclone.
  1. Take care of the old and young.
  2. All family members remain close.
  3. Switch of all electrical appliances.
  4. Stay in an empty room.
  5. Movable items should be kept securely tied.
  6. Try to help your neighbours, but don't go out during cyclone.




What to do after the cyclone

The following should be done immediately after the cyclone:-
  1. Those who shifted to the cyclone centre must remain there till instructions are received.
  2. Strictly avoid loose electrical wires after the cyclone.
  3. Beware of snakes and other animals immediately after the cyclone.
  4. Clear debris and carcasses from/near the premise after the cyclone.
  5. Report losses truthfully and accurately to the authorities.


Concluding comments

The motto during cyclone and other natural calamities is to stay safe. So people should plan beforehand, remain alert, stay cool and support the neighbours (if possible) during the cyclone. They must follow the instructions of Government authorities and must not spread rumours.


Related Articles

What to do when exams are near?

Are you worried about what to do when your examinations come near? Read this article to know about what all can be done before exams like making notes, Meditating, practicing on question papers, eating healthy food, revising and last month revision of your notes.

What to do when you get tired

According to the University of Medicine Sleep Disorder Center, around 30% people feel tired because of improper sleep. They feel tiredness the whole day. These type of patients are not able to concentrate on any task and they have increased chances of facing different kinds of health problems. This article explains the various possible reasons for why we get tired and how to deal with it.

More articles: Natural disaster Security tips What to do Cyclone

Comments

No responses found. Be the first to comment...


  • Do not include your name, "with regards" etc in the comment. Write detailed comment, relevant to the topic.
  • No HTML formatting and links to other web sites are allowed.
  • This is a strictly moderated site. Absolutely no spam allowed.
  • Name:
    Email: