What to do in case of electric shock ?


Electricity has numerous benefits. But there is a darker side to it too. One may suffer an electric shock anytime and that could be life threatening too. Learn here the steps you need to follow in case someone suffers from an electric shock.

In our present world, it is almost unthinkable to think of a life without electricity. Ever since electricity was first discovered by Benjamin Franklin and the first bulb was invented by Thomas Alva Edison things have changed at a rapid pace. These days we have innumerable gadgets, devices and machines that work on electricity. Electricity has made our lives a lot easier and comfortable. It has brought in prosperity and helped us produce faster and better. Almost every aspect of our lives, be it at home, office or elsewhere is touched by electricity and it is impossible to live without it.

Electricity - a boon; a bane, if careless

The numerous benefits that it has, electricity has a downside too. Just like fire benefits mankind immensely but at the same time is also dangerous; similarly, electricity if not handled properly or safely, can give a terrible shock that may even lead to death. There have been innumerable cases where people and even animals have died due to electrocution. The situation is all the more perilous in our country, where adequate safety measures are not taken at many places. Due to lack of information many people are not aware of the consequences of an electric shock. With safety measures not being followed properly there is always a likelihood that your near or dear ones at home or your colleagues at the office may suffer a life threatening electric shock. It does a world of good to them and to you too if you are aware of the measures that you need to take care of in case someone suffers an electric shock.

What happens during an electric shock ?

During an electric shock the current passes through the body of the person getting electrocuted. Depending upon the intensity of the current, the person may suffer burns, loss of breath, unconsciousness, cardiac arrest or some internal injury. In some of the cases there may not be any visible marks from the electrocution. If it is a severe electrical shock the person may very well lose consciousness. In some circumstances even a small voltage could prove life threatening, such as during wet weather conditions and the floor or the hands of the victim being wet.

Steps for immediate action

  • First of all call for the doctor if the victim has lost his consciousness or seems to be injured.
  • Don't touch the person, if he or she is still in contact with the live wire, switch or the electrical equipment.
  • Get for the electrical supply to be disconnected at the earliest. The main switch, fuse or circuit breaker is to be identified and get it tripped.
  • In case it is not possible to disconnect the electricity, then with the help of a dry wooden pole or any other long suitable insulated object, move the source of the current away from the person.
  • Once the person is detached from the current source, see for signs of his or her consciousness.
  • If there is no such signs of breathing, movement, etc. Then immediately arrange for artificial respiration to be administered to the victim. CPR or cardio pulmonary resuscitation is to be to administered if the heart has stopped pumping.
  • CPR is an emergency procedure that brings back the heart and lungs back to action. This is to be administered by compressing the chest over the heart and thus forcing the air in and out of the lungs.
  • Once the doctor arrives the person should be checked for any internal injury, hemorrhage or other complications.
  • Shift the victim to a nearby hospital, if the need be.


Article by Dhruv
Dhruv is an electrical engineer by profession. Apart from liking his job, he has a special love for writing and has often dabbled in writing scripts for skits and short plays. As a Content Developer at ISC, Dhruv is having a whale of a time, showcasing his writing skills.

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Comments

Author: NK SHARMA21 Sep 2017 Member Level: Gold   Points : 3

What to do in case of electric shock-The following steps can be taken:
1. First switch off the supply from main.
2. Remove the person from danger.
3. Loosen his belt, clothes, remove shoes.
4. Check the mouth, open the jaws, straighten the tongue, it may go back and obstruct the airways.
5. Start artificial respiration @ 16-20 per minute. Restore the respiration.
6. Shift the victim to a nearby hospital.

Author: Natarajan21 Sep 2017 Member Level: Gold   Points : 3

Nice Summary of dealing with electric Shock. It's always better to get qualified help after a major electric shock.

When one gets an electric shock, it enters from the point of contact, follow the path of least resistance and leaves the body from that part which is in contact with earth. So depending on how the victim was at the time of shock, we need to look for these ( For example, some one standing is plugging a device to the mains with his right hand, the entry point would be the right-hand fingers, exit point would be the feet) and assess for entry burn and exit burn.

High voltage injuries can cause internal tissue burn (not seen by naked eye) and intense muscle spasm sometimes so violent that bones can break.

Author: DR.N.V. Srinivasa Rao28 Sep 2017 Member Level: Diamond   Points : 3

Electrical shocks are very dangerous and we should be careful in dealing with this power. Sometimes the shock will be very severe and the man will become almost blackish and the colour of the whole body will change. So it is better to take precautions before itself. Prevention is better than cure. Wear slippers which are non-conductive when you are dealing with power. Earthing is also very important to avoid shocks. Many people are unaware of the effects of this shock. My appreciation to the author for his informative article on this subject.



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