How to prevent acne scars?


This article explains various measures which keep acne under control. This decreases inflammation and consequently chances of formation of acne scars too decreases. Actions like not picking at skin, proper hydration, using sunscreen lotions, proper skin care regime etc prevent formation of acne scars.

Introduction

Acne is considered to be the most common skin condition which is usually seen during teen years. It also affects adults at some point or the other, depending on number of factors, but mostly when they undergo hormonal changes. Acne itself seems very difficult to deal with. It creates a sense of embarrassment and pain. Once acne pops up and disappears, it leaves scars behind. Dealing with these unsightly post breakout scars which are also known as acne scars is even worse. Scarring is more prominent if acne is severe. Scars decrease smooth appearance of skin. Almost all types of acne leave scars. It is therefore important to take immediate actions and not allow acne to leave any unsightly post breakout scars. This is because once scars are formed then it becomes very difficult to get rid of them. Thus, it is best to prevent acne from leaving scars rather than spending money and time on healing them. Treatment should begin as soon as acne appears on skin. Treatment that is started early will prevent acne from getting worst and this in turn will prevent formation of acne scars.

Preventing acne scars

  • Do not pick at skin-
    We should never pick at our skin or pop a pimple. If done then chances of scarring increases greatly. When we squeeze our acne, bacteria along with other debris contaminate surrounding skin and also make their way deep into the skin. Squeezing a pimple does not do any good but rather can increase inflammation. Surrounding healthy tissues too get exposed to this risk of infection and inflammation. Key factor is to keep inflammation at the minimal level. More the inflammation increases, chances of scarring too increases. Instead of popping pimples, we should concentrate more on cleansing regimen to decrease inflammation and thereby reduce the chances of scarring. If accidentally pimple pops out then clean the whole area with a solution that is prepared by mixing equal amounts of hydrogen peroxide and water. This will dry out the pimple and prevent the risk of inflammation by decreasing the growth of bacteria. Popping pimples can further increase healing time i.e., healing will take place at a slow pace. Do not even pick at scab which acts as a protective bandage during healing process. Damage caused to scab can retard the healing process.


  • Protect skin from sun-
    Avoid too much exposure to the sun, especially when temperature is at its peak. Harmful ultraviolet rays of sun can cause much damage to our skin then we can ever imagine. They worsen acne which ultimately increases the chances of scarring. If going out cannot be avoided then use umbrellas, scarf etc to minimize the exposure. Wear sunscreen lotions particularly of high SPF which acts as a barrier and protects skin. Sunscreen is a must for individuals who are breaking out. Melanocytes are the pigment cells which not only darken the dermis which we often call by the name tan, but also create dark spots when pimples break out. Regular use of sunscreen can prevent melanocytes from becoming hyperactive. Consequently acne remains mild and scarring does not develop. Sunlight is essential to synthesize Vitamin D, but avoid too much exposure to sun rays. Sunlight causes acne and scars to darken. This will retard the healing process. Many anti-acne creams containing benzoyl peroxide and salicylic acid cause adverse reactions in the skin and damages it, if after their application, skin is exposed to sun light


  • Treat acne immediately-
    Keep acne under control. We need not wait until acne worsens or scars start developing. Immediate actions need to be taken. Mild acne does not leave any remarkable scars. It is moderate to severe acne which leaves those unsightly scars which then becomes difficult to get rid of. Immediate treatment will ensure that acne is kept to minimum so that it does not get worst. The more we work towards preventing pimples, the more successful we become in preventing scars. Along with early treatment, it becomes very important that proper treatment is taken depending on the skin type and the type of acne that is erupting. Visit dermatologist's office and get a proper prescription for acne. We can also make use of creams which help us to do the spot treatment as soon as acne erupts or else can use safe and effective home remedies which will help acne to dry out and heal on its own.


  • Avoid smoking-
    If acne is allowed to heal naturally then scarring does not develop. Smoking however interferes with body's natural healing process. It causes constriction within blood vessels and as a result decreased oxygen supply to the skin retards the healing process. It becomes essential to quit smoking which will make sure that body's healing process does not get interfered. Excess smoking will cause bad scarring which then will become very difficult to get rid of and also causes aging of skin, making it look dull and lifeless.


  • Keep patience-
    Losing patience is not going to help in any way. We need to remain patient and wait. Scar has developed does not mean that it is not going to get healed. When scar develops initially, it tends to fill up on its own. New blood vessels tend to move into the area where scar has developed. Consequently rejuvenation takes place along with sufficient nourishment. When all these take place, scar appears pink in color which is an indication that healing is taking place. Later collagen too develops and fills in the area, giving back skin its smooth texture. This is the reason that we need to remain patient as scars tend to heal on their own, especially when they are new.


  • Dietary changes-
    If acne has become worst and consequently scar formation is taking place at an increasing rate then we need to make certain dietary changes. Our skin requires certain nutrients to heal after acne outbreak and this will prevent formation of scars. We need to incorporate these nutrients into our diet or take their supplements. Vitamin A is one such nutrient which is very essential for cell growth. Vegetables like carrots, sweet potatoes and fruit like apricots carry plenty of vitamin A. Retinoid is derived from vitamin A. Now a day's many retinoid containing creams are available which can be topically applied to prevent scar formation. Omega-3 fatty acids which are present in flax seeds and salmon accelerate prostaglandin production. This hormone not only reduces inflammation, but also prevents acne outbreak. Another excellent nutrient essential for skin healing is zinc which decreases inflammation as well as scarring. Zinc is found in large amount in fish, meat, soy, legumes, beans etc.


  • Proper hydration-
    Proper hydration is very essential to prevent acne and scar formation. It helps in detoxification process. Dead skin cells need to be shed which will ensure that new skin cells form. If dead skin cells keep accumulating on the surface and clog the pores along with excess oil formation then acne gets worsened and severe acne results in huge scars. Drinking adequate amount of water will ensure that dead skin cells are shed without any delay. Drinking 8 glasses of water everyday will make sure that acne and scar formation do not take place in the future.


  • Proper skin care-
    To prevent acne from getting worst, wash face twice a day with gentle cleanser, depending on the skin type or with anti-bacterial soap. It is also necessary to clean face after heavy sweating or workout. Face needs to remain bacteria and germ free. Acne-prone skin needs to be taken special care and thus it is better to use soaps and cleansers which are recommended by doctor. Never go to bed with makeup and thus make use of makeup remover to take it off. Oil free makeup remover creams are also available. Later wash face with oil-free cleansers. Use gentle exfoliators. Do not excessively rub skin or wash face too many times as this will increase oil production. More the oil is produced, more the number of acne increases. If acne is kept under control by following proper skin care regime then scar formation will be prevented.


Conclusion

Acne is a temporary problem. On the other hand, scar so formed when acne breaks out is a permanent problem. Acne is a sort of injury to the skin and scar is a part of healing process which skin initiates. Superficial injury heals on its own. In case of acne, damage is caused to the dermis and that is why scars are formed. It is better to prevent formation of scar rather than spend lots of time and money on healing them. Making suitable dietary changes like incorporating more amount of vitamin A, zinc, omega-3 fatty acids in diet, drinking sufficient amount of water on daily basis, following proper skin care regime, protecting skin from exposure to sun are all essential steps to prevent formation of scars. Need of the hour is to treat acne immediately. Severe acne results in huge scars and thus acne has to be kept under complete control by using home remedies or by using medicines prescribed by dermatologist. Avoid smoking and also avoid picking at skin or scab. Let the acne heal on its own to prevent inflammation. If acne is kept under control and there is reduced inflammation then chances of scarring too decreases greatly.


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Comments

Author: Natarajan26 Nov 2017 Member Level: Gold   Points : 4

Nice article about acne that would be useful for teenagers. If using hydrogen peroxide, please be careful around the eyes, as its harmful to the eyes, people often develop white spot like discolouration on bare hands that are not troublesome but some can develop blisters.Since it dries the skin, always have a good face moisturising cream handy.
Lemon juice is an astringent that also helps to dry the acne. It can be applied with the tip of an earbud and left for about 10 minutes and then rinse the face. Lemon juice taken orally is good. If you have very sensitive skin, please be careful. Turmeric also good.
Acne is also related to stress, if you have acne that's difficult to manage, then consider stress as one of the causative factors and try to reduce your daily stress.

Author: Chitra26 Nov 2017 Member Level: Diamond   Points : 3

If you have acne, better consult a doctor. Apply the ointments provided by him gently. Never try to play with your acne or pimple. If you pop it, it will leave a scar. Therefore it is better you avoid your fingers going to the area which is affected by acne. Also never scrub it off, as it may leave a scar. Control your diet and drink lot of water.

You do not have to worry about having acne. You are not the only one having it and also like the author said it is just a temporary problem. By giving proper care, you can get rid of it. But if you end up having scars, you can't get rid of it easily. So be careful.

Author: umesh30 Nov 2017 Member Level: Gold   Points : 1

In spite of so much advancement in medical lotions and creams, managing acne is still a challenge. I feel personal hygine, proper food habits, adequate sleep, regular exercises and stress free mental setup are some parameters which may help in combating with this teen age menace.

Even a simple light soap wash after coming from the outdoors will help immensely in restricting the growth of acne.

Author: DR.N.V. Srinivasa Rao30 Nov 2017 Member Level: Diamond   Points : 1

A very nice presentation of the article by the author. If you have acne, don't worry much about it. Try to consult a dermatologist and use the medicines suggested by him regularly. It will help further development of acne. A pimple mainly looks odd on the face and girls worry a lot about them. It is better not to handle them. If somebody tries to do something it will leave a permanent mark on the face. Even though it is not painful, people worry more about this as it looks a little awkward. Regularly using good soap to wash the skin and using sun lotion on the face when you go out in the sun may keep you away from these pimples. Having timely good food and having sufficient sleep will also keep us away from these pimples. There is a medicine in Ayurveda for these pimples which is very effective and once for all it will keep us away from acne.



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