IntroductionWe all heard about the capability of the well known Chanakya for his acumen in political and financial fields. He was associated with well-known Chandragupta as his advisor. But we have all seen this Chanakya of Modern India and his planning and execution of reforms in bringing back the almost bankrupt Indian economy on to the rails. He was none other than our 10th Prime Minister Mr Pamulaparthi Venkata Narasimha Rao. He was an able administrator and sculptured the economic transformation of Modern India. He was referred by many economic analysts as The Father of Indian Economic Reforms, on many occasions. He was well remembered for his ability to get the political and economic act pass through the parliament when he was the Prime Minister for India and heading a government which is not having the majority in the Loksabha. His tenure as Prime Minister of India witnessed a major change in Indian economy to market-driven economy. His tenure also saw the development of Bharatiya Janata Party as an alternative to Congress and also the destruction of Babri Mosque in Ayodhya. Mr Rao was responsible for the dismantling of the license Raj.
His personal lifeP V Narasimha Rao belongs to a Brahmin Family of Vangara Village in Karimnagar District of the then Andhra Pradesh, presently in Telangana. He is a Master's degree holder in Law. He is a very well-known scholar with multi-language skills. He is conversant in about 17 languages. Before entering into Politics he was associated with his cousin by name Sadasiva Rao in bringing out a Telugu weekly by name Kakatiya Patrica and continued in that field for about 7 years. He was a father of five daughters and three sons. Two of his sons were in the political field for some time.
Political CareerMr Rao was a freedom fighter during the independence movement. He joined politics after independence as a member of National Congress. He was in the State politics for some time and served as Minister and then as Chief Minister for about 2 years. Then he was associated with Indira Congress. Later he was in the central cabinet with different portfolios like Home, Defense and foreign affairs, in both Indira Gandhi and Rajiv Gandhi cabinets. He almost stopped participating in active politics in 1991 and even not contested in the Parliament elections. But he was forced to be the PM after the assassination of Rajiv Gandhi. He was the first PM of India from Andhra Pradesh and from Southern India. He was the first Prime Minister from the Telugu Land. He was elected as MP from Nandyal with a record majority of about five Lakh votes and entered in Guinness Book of World Record.
Most unfortunate negative remarks of his tenure were the various corruption charges on his government. But later on, the court has released him from all the allegations made on him.
ConclusionIrrespective of lack of the majority in the Loksabha, Mr Rao was able to make major reforms which were the seeds laid for the present day position of our Indian Economy. But after coming out of PM position he was very badly treated by his own party members and even denied a cremation place for him in the Indian capital. He was cremated in Hyderabad with full state honors. His body was denied to even enter into AICC headquarters. As a first South Indian and Telugu PM, he will be in the minds of the younger generations of this country for his excellent work in making India a better place. He deserves Bharat Ratna award. He is the Pride of Telugu as the multi-linguistic scholar and a better human being.