Water-Universal LiquidWater is the primary ingredient which plays a major role in assuring the quality of life on the Earth. Humans, trees, plants, birds, animals and all such living forms need water to lead their life. Like food and oxygen, water is also an important source needed much for the humans to perform the daily activities such as drinking, cooking, bathing, cleaning, vessels washing and gardening. On the other hand, water is also needed for agriculture and industrial activities.
Is water sufficient for use in the Earth? The entire planet is covered with 97% of salt water and only 3% of fresh water. But unfortunately, out of 3% of fresh water, glaciers and ice caps cover 2% and the remaining 1% is left in the form of drinking water. The balance of clean water on the earth is managed by rainfall and evaporation process. During summer season and at the time of lack of rainfall, the level of groundwater gets reduced, the land gets dried and the human population faces drought and water scarcity.
Only a meager percentage of water is present in the earth for the entire population. Many countries in the world face water scarcity which is one of the major problems where people need to suffer a lot to get clean water to perform their daily activities. Apart from water scarcity, the planet also suffers from water pollution. Lack of water also affects the growth of population, industry, agriculture, etc.
Water wastage is one of the mistakes being done by the humans who have adequate water. Huge usage of water above the daily needs in homes, factories, industries, construction work and agriculture lands leads to the shortage of water and creates a serious threat.
Effects of the shortage of waterCan you imagine your life without water? It is highly impossible to continue living on the earth without water. Already the world is facing problems such as water scarcity and water pollution at a high level. In the olden days, adequate water was present in rivers, wells, ponds, and dams. At present, we are in a situation to buy mineral water and packaged drinking water from shops. The present situation clearly reveals the shortage of water in the world and it may even get worse in the future. To avoid the below-mentioned effects of the shortage of water, it is the responsibility of the humans to conserve water for the future use.
How to save water?The demand for water is getting higher due to increased population, industrialization and agricultural usage. Over usage of water beyond the limits and polluting the water with the domestic wastes and industrial wastes are the major causes for the lack of clean water. On the other hand, dumping of plastics in the rivers and oceans also leads to plastic pollution and water pollution. So, it is the responsibility of the humans to conserve water and avoid pollution.
Listed below are some of the water conservation tips which can be followed to save water in our daily life.
Water conservation at homeSince water is used extensively for domestic purpose, special attention must be given while using the water at home very particularly in the kitchen, bathroom, and the lawn. Also, teach your kids about water conservation and make it as a habit to implement it in life. Saving a drop of water adds value to your contribution to the mission of water conservation.
Bathroom and Laundry
Lawn and Outdoor
ConclusionThe importance of water and the need for water conservation should be explained to the people and must be implemented in their daily life to save water. Water conservation is possible only with the practice of people. It is easy to follow the above-mentioned water conservation tips at home. So, everyone should follow it to save the water. Even when you step out of the home, one must behave responsibly in the public and remember to save water. It is a good habit to conserve water. Be a responsible citizen and save water without wasting it unnecessarily.
Don't let life slip down the drain. Conserve water, Conserve life!
Water is the elixir of our life. We can not imagine our life without it. The author has given good tips to conserve water in our day to day life.
I will like to add that water is such a precious commodity that it is a criminal act to waste it. It is also interesting to mention that a very small percentage (2-3 %) of rainwater gets absorbed in earth soil and rest of it goes to rivers, ponds etc where if it is not stored properly goes to sea and mixes with saline seawater and becomes unusable.
So conserving groundwater and storing rainwater in big dams and reservoir is the need of the hour and sincere efforts of the Govt are required in this direction.
At our level we can use many methods to avoid wastage and if all of the citizens become conscious of this then definitely we can meet the demand of water in our country.
Humans, animals, tree and other life forms need water. We need to ensure that we have enough for all of us now and in the future. Already many cities and districts in India and places around the world are reporting a significant drop in the water table.
Today, it is a reality that we may run out of water. It has happened in Rio, Sao Paulo, Cape Town etc. The Indian Government can look into how Sao Paulo and Cape Town have/had drawn emergency plans and water rationing to tackle the water crisis because we often have a drought in many parts of India.
All this should open our eyes and minds to take water conservation seriously. Imagine the plight of wild animals during drought. I read a moving article about Patrick Kilonzo Mwalua (Waterman of Tsavo west national park) of Kenya, who drove many hours to transport around 3000 gallons of water to the desperate wild animals. After hearing such things, we should be embarrassed to waste water by leaving taps open during brushing, shaving etc.
I have seen people using water continuously via a tube attached to the tap to clean vehicles, wasting most of it. Responsible citizens, apartments, and even the Government can consider the option of 'Waterless vehicle wash' (uses 250ml of water when compared to 20 liters/car) and the price is around Rs 160-170 rupees for a car. Many firms in Bangalore have already started this.
Along with conservation, we need to consider recycling and saline water conversion plants, as this, I think, would be the future need for many apartments, like we have the rainwater harvesting system for individual homes
There are aerated shower heads and tap attachments, that reduce the volume of water that flows/minute via the taps and bathroom showers. So, there are means to conserve water. We only need to have the mindset to save water for others.
Water is an essential commodity for the existence of the mankind on this earth. Without water, we can't imagine our life on this earth. Slowly the water reserves are coming down and in many places and countries, water is becoming very critical. A day may come shortly where we may have to purchase water in litres like milk not only for drinking but for the general use also. Now in many kitchens, everybody is having RO plants for drinking water. The water consumption for one litre of drinking water will consume up to 2 litres of normal water and it may also increase based on the quality of raw water. That will make water consumption very high. So in all kitchens, we should have arrangements to collect that wastewater coming out from RO units and that water can be used for dishwashing and floor washing. This will result in a good saving of water. Every water drop saved is the water stored for the next generation. Like this, there are many ways where we can restrict our water consumption. Whenever you are wasting water, if you think about a day without water, you will never waste even a single drop of water. Save water and save our future generations.
Water conservation actions must start from conserving nature. Compared to the loss of water due to the destruction of nature the misuse at home is negligible. Forests, hills and mountains, agriculture farms, especially paddy fields and ponds and rivers are to be carefully managed in order to preserve underground water. Forests are a collection of trees, plants and bushes. All these plant forms are fixed on the ground with the support of roots of respective plants. These roots are different in length and width, some going deep into the earth while others spread around the plant. However, these routs block the easy flow of rain water which reach the earth flowing through the trees. This water goes into the earth slowly and gets preserved there, allowing a slow flow into the rivers originating from this hill. In rivers also this water flow will be controlled by the sandy bottom. If sands are removed from rivers this controlling will not take place and the water will easily reach the sea.
Similarly, the small ponds and wells in and around our residential areas must be kept clean and unpolluted. Pollution is a major problem that causes non-availability of pure water. Those who have terrace buildings can plan to preserve the rainwater falling on the terrace during rainy seasons. They can collect it in a tank or if there is a well in it. A filtering system can be used to remove the dirt from the rainwater before collecting.
Water, like air, is a must for our living on this earth. To a certain extent, both are related also. Air pollution will definitely affect the water quality. Civilized and educated people must take initiative to conserve water in order to continue the existence of life on earth.
The importance of water conservation is not only being felt like never before, it is also a very healthy sign that there are a huge number of initiatives aimed at water conservation only for drinking purposes. For instance, at Chennai, there has been a huge shift in terms of reuse of water that is used in so many places. All this is collected and filtered and sent back to the industries. The desalination plants set up have also helped in maximizing the supply of drinking water to over eighty lakh people.
Furthermore, the suburbs have their own sources of water supply, managed by local bodies, through their own bore wells. The use of water is regulated, as water is made available only for a specific period of time. When water is given aplenty, there is every chance of its misuse and this is carefully taken care of, almost as a rule.
Rainwater harvesting is compulsory even for households and those who do not adhere to this rule, have to pay huge fines. However, today, there is a growing awareness about rainwater harvesting and there has been a big push in this regard.
Water is also sought to used through drip irrigation and not only in Chennai, but in other cities as well. There are roof gardens where the vegetables are grown are so healthy, as they are grown only by and through use of organic fertilizers.
The organic farming methods are catching up as well, particularly in terms of cultivating vegetables. There has an explosion in terms of print media, highlighting success stories in Tamil, and the good word is sought to be spread around. In fact, there are many farmers who have switched over to alternative sources of income. For example, cultivating green vegetables and the "paalak" varieties (called Keerai in Tamil), have multiplied manifold.
The Government should do something about water conservation but it is doing nothing. In fact, it has actively contributed to drought, as illegal mining of sand is going on, with State patronage, as the ruling party rowdies are so much involved in this game, with the Chief Minister and his family members running a big empire.
Still, voluntary help is really good. There are some good signs. As regards household usage of water, families are now doing some good work in this regard by minimizing water wastage. Let us hope that in the years to come, the success stories will multiply and the lessons learned will automatically reach a huge section of people, all over the country.